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Nineteenth National Convention 
Socialist Labor Party 



April 2-5^Apral 28, 1936 



Minutes, Reports, Platform, Resolutions, Etc. 





National Executive Committee 

Socialist Labor Party 

61 Cliff Street 

New Yoi-k, N.Y. 



Proceedings of the 

Nineteenth National Convention 

Socialist Labor Party 

[April 25- April 28, 1936 

This important volume contains the minutes of the conven- 
tion, reports made to the convention, including the report of 
the National Executive Committee on the state of organiza- 
tion, etc. Included also are the platform of the Party, and 
resolutions, letters of acceptance of the Presidential and 
Vice Presidential candidates; radio addresses by the candi- 
date for President; the vote, and comments on the vote, and 
the obstructions placed in the way of the Party to secure 
a place on the ballot in certain im-portant states; several ar- 
ticles by the National Secretary of the Party on tlie issues 
and candidates, and on the results of the election, and tfic 
probable future developments ; etc.^ etc. 

240 pages.— Price 50 cents 

NEW YORK LAEiOR NEWS CO., 
61 Cliff St,, New York City 




J. W. AIKEN 

Socialist Labor Party Candidate 
for President, 1936 

''Socialist Industrial Unionism 
recognizes the capitalist class as a 
robber class^ a class whose advance- 
ment is in direct proportion to the 
impoverishment of the workers. The 
working class must demand the un- 
conditional surrender of the ruling 
class^ press for it on the political 
field and organize on the economic 
field into Industrial Unions^ to take 
and hold and operate the means of 
production and distribution.*' 

—J. W, Aiken. 




EMIL F. TEICHERT 

Socialist Labor Party Candid^ti, 
for Vice Presidenty 193 (J 

'*The question is whether tin 
working class of the world will l«» 
stronger or weaker than 'a "Iltth 
Alliance" of capitalist intcrcil'* 
The working class will be invinclItU 
if it organizes on a proper rtviilu 
tionar}^ basis on the political, as «• •• 
as on the industrial field for the U" 
fold purpose of capturing and mImiI 
isliing the Political State and lMklt»»t 
full possession and control of lit* 
industries of the nation." 

— £. F. Teich,,! 



Nineteenth National Convention 
Socialist Labor Party 



April 25 — ^April 28, 1936 



Minutes, Reports, Platform, Resolutions, Etc. 





Published 1938 

National Executive Committee 

Socialist Labor Party 

61 Cliff Street 

New York, N.Y. 



.. 



( 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



(Printed in the United States of America.) 




Mi mi Irs of the Proceedings of the Convention 7 

I In Itrport of the National Executive Committee to the Convention 24 

I iitroductory ' 24 

( 'ampaign 1932 27 

Organizers on the Road 28 

General, 28; Q,uinn, 29; Hass, 32; J. Sim, J. A. Pirin- 
cin, F. Bianco, A. M. Orange, E. F. Teichert, J. C. Bor- 
den, Jr., H. Simon, Geo. Bopp, 34; Reynolds, 34. 

( Constitutional Amendments , 35 

State of Organization , 51 

States, 51; Federations: Bulgarian, 61; Hungarian, 64; 
South Slavonian, 66; Greek S..L.P., 68, 

Party Members (sale of dues stamps, etc.) 70 

S.L.P. Movement Abroad 71 

Party Press and Literature 81 

General, 81; Weekly People, 82; Labor News Sales, 
86; Party Funds, 93. 

Internal Disturbances 94 

General Comments, 94; Schenectady Disruption, 96; 
Kings Co., 98; Cleveland, Cincinnati, 98; Louisville, 99; 
Bridgeport, 100; California, 101; General, 123. 

Reform Movements, etc 133 

Industrial Unionism, Strikes, etc 141 

Radio 147 

Miscellaneous 152 

I. Study Classes, 152; 11. Weekly People Clubs, 153; 
III. National Campaign 1936, 153. 

I n Memoriam 154 

('onclusion 155 

Report of the Editor of the Weekly People 159 

(Continued on next page.) 



650379 



Platform of the Socialist Labor Party 17ii 

Resolutions 1 Vit 

On Economic Organization and Attitude toward Strikes^ 179; 
On Unemployment^ 182; On Absolutism in Government^ 185; On 
the International Socialist Movement^ 189; On Soviet Russia, 
193; On the Mooney Case^ 194; On the International Situation 
and Future War^ 195. 



AFPEiNDIX. 

A — Letter of Acceptance of John W. Aiken 200 

B — ^Letter of Acceptance of Emil F. Teichert UOII 

C — The Goal of Socialism (Radio broadcast by John W. Aiken^ over 

Columbia network, April 28, 1936) 2011 

D — Revolution versus Reform (Radio broadcast by John W. Aiken, 

over National Broadcasting Company hook-up, September 23, 

1936) 2aN j 

E — ^Political Potpourri, by Arnold Petersen (from the Weekly Pea- 

pie, October 17, 1936) li 111 

F — Post-Election Reflections^ by Arnold Petersen (from the Weehlij 

People, November 28, 1936) 'iUl 

G — Chaos, Corruption — ^and Light, by Arnold Petersen (from the 

Weekly People, February 8, 1936) 21<|| 

H — ^Radio Speeches (listed) 2f)| 

I — The Vote (from the report of the National Secretary to the 

N.E.C. in Session, May, 1937) . . 'JltH ' 

J — Political Gangsterism, by Arnold Petersen (from the Weekly 

People, October 31, 1936) 21111 

K — Vote by States , 201 



HE NINETEENTH NATIONAL CONVENTION 

of the 

SOCIALIST LABOR PARTY 



Minutes of the Proceedings of the Convention 



MitnuiHj Session, Saturday, April 25 
< ninnilion called to order at 11 
■M l»y National Secretary Arnold 

r« h iNcn, at the Cornish Arms Ho- 

III \r\v York City, with the follow- 

Imm iMicf speech: 

Vs lliis convention begins its la- 
Ihh '. I lie world of capitalism is in 

mI Iiitr cliaos. Never before was 

hI(mI wc call civilization nearer the 
ImImIv «»r eollapse than at this mo- 
|M< nt 'I' he fate of countless mil- 
IliMMi luings in the balance. The S. 
I I* IS tlie only organization which 
|iH Nriits a program to meet the situ- 
mHimi and to prevent a social cata- 
I h 'Mil Without a single exception 
MMv oilier party or group presents 
liMin sort of a scheme for patching 
Hji lltf system; for remedying this 
I lirular defect^ or for replacing 
♦ /•.,/ rotting or decaying part. Re- 
fiiMiis of one sort or another are 
MllMrd by these groups^ designed to 
HhiIm it possible for the workers to 
plht n little longer under the capi- 
lIUI system. The Socialist Labor 
purly is the only party today which 
MlnHrly and unequivocally says 
lllll (•M[)italism cannot be mended; 
Imt I he cursed thing must be ended. 
^nd wc say exactly what we mean^ 



and we mean exactly what we say. 
We declare that there is no force in 
tlie world today which can end the 
present chaos, and lift society out 
of the morass into which it has sunk 
except the industrially organized 
working class: It is the task and the 
solemn duty of the Socialist Labor 
Party to arouse and instruct the 
workers to the end that they organ- 
ize in keeping with, and to fulfill 
their historic mission as a class. 

"It is with these thoughts before 
us, with a full sense of the respon- 
sibility resting on us at this historic 
moment, that, in the name of the 
National Executive Committee of 
the Party, I formally open the 19th 
National Convention of the S.L.P." 

F. E. Passonno, of New York, 
elected temporary chairman. 

. 'Wm. Woodhouse, of Ohio^ elected 
temporary vice chairman. 

Ward Bec^kwith, District of Co- 
lumbia, elected temporary record- 
ing secretary. 

A Credentials Committee was 
elected as follows: F. C. Zermann, 
Hungarian Federation, Emil F. 
Teichert, New York, Theo. Baeff, 
Bulgarian Federation. 

A recess of ten minutes was de- 



clared to permit the Credentials 
Committee to examine the creden- 
tials of the delegates and report. 

The Credentials Committee re- 
ported that the following States and 
Federations are entitled to represen- 
tation at the 19th National Conven- 
tion of the Socialist Labor PartVj, 
and credentials from the following 
delegates reported received: 
California^ entitled to three^ send- 
ing two: A. Schneider^ I. Shen- 
kan. 
Colorado;, one delegate^ P. Nicho- 

love. 
Connecticut^ two delegates^ J. C. 

Borden^ Jr., H. Simon. 
District of Columbia^ one delegate^ 

Ward Beckwith. 
Illinois, three delegates^ S. French^ 

W. R. Knudsen^ J. E. Prociim. 
Indiana, one delegate^, H. G. Wise. 
Kentucky^ one delegate, J. Fischer. 
Maryland, one delegate^ F. N. H. 

Lang. 
Massachusetts, two delegates^ J. W. 

Aiken, J, P, Quinn, 
Michigan, two delegates^, A. Tuel- 

ing, J. Vonica. 
Minnesota, one delegate, W. Foy. 
Missouri, one delegate, W. W. Cox. 
New Jersey, one delegate, G. Bopp. 
New York, five delegates, O. M. 
Johnson, A. M. Orange, F. E. 
Passonno, S. Smiley, E. F. Teieh- 
ert. 
Ohio, four delegates, L. Gillespie, 
J. W. Morris, Mrs. A. K. Storck, 
W. Woodhouse. 
Oregon, one delegate, M. Johnson. 
Pennsylvania, two delegates, J. A. 

Pirincin, E. A. Teichert. 
Rhode Island, one delegate, C, F. 

Bishop. 
Virginia, one delegate, L. Jereme. 
Washington, entitled to two dele- 
gates, one present: R. Ottem. 



Wisconsin, one delegate, J. l.tir 

hardt. 
Bulgarian S.L.F., entitled to hcvi'HJ 

delegates, sending six:.D. Aunn 

tasoff, Theo. Baeff, D. Uraganoll. 

T. Gramaticoff, D. Pancoff, S. S 

Saralieff 
Hungarian S.L.F., two delegates, A 

Kudlik, F.C. Zermann, 
South Slavonian S.L.F., five dvlv 

gates, P. Bogdan, M. Malencirh, 

L. Petrovieh, P. Slepcevic,. l„ 

iStefanovich. 

The committee recommended llmU 
the foregoing forty-eight delegalr<] 
to the convention be seated. On mo- 
tion the report of the committee wn*j 
concurred in. 

Committee on Rules was elcclrtlj 
as follow^s: J. W. Aiken, Massaclup 
setts, W. W. Cox, Missouri, J. KIir«| 
hardt, Wisconsin. 

After a short recess the Comiuil« 
tee on Rules recommended for adop* 
tion the following Order of BiihI' 
ness and Rules: 

Te mp orary rganiza thn , 

1. Election of Temporary Chal| 
man. 

2. Election of Temporarj^ Y'wi 
Chairman. 

3. Election of Temporary ReconW 
ing Secretary. 

4. Election of Committee ol| 
Credentials. (3) 

5. Recess of ten minutes. 

6. Report of Committee on Crcl 
dentials. 

7. Election of Committee ()|| 
Rules. 

8. Recess of twenty minutes. 

9. Report of Committee on Rulej 

A, 

1. Organization. 

(a) Election of Chairmal 



Vice Chairman and Secre- 

Inry. 
(I.) iMection of a permanent 

.Sergeant-at-Arms and a 
Messenger. 
I lrrli(»n of Committee on Mile- 
It. )>oii of the National Exec- 
iitnr Committee. 
K.porl of the Editor of the 
U I.I'IKLY PEOPLE. 
I.lrilion of Committee on Con- 
Nliliilitm and Resolutions per- 
I /lining thereto. 

I,l<'cti(tn of Committee on Plat- 
lonn and Resolutions pertain- 
iii|j; Ihcreto. 

l.ti'clion of Committee on At- 
Kliidc of the Party toward 
l.corjornic Organization and 
Itrsohitions pertaining thereto. 
I Irilion of Auditing Commit- 

llrclion of Committee on Par- 
i\ Press and Literature. 
Inlrniational Socialist Move- 
in < 1 1 1 . 

\/iii(Uial Campaign. 
KmII call of delegates for the 
ml rMKluction of resolutions for 
iri'ircnce to committees. 

B. 

Ii. I'ollowing Order of Business 
inrli (lay after the first day: 

I'.lt'clion of Chairman. 

Knll Call of Delegates. 

It rndiug of Minutes. 

( nminunications. 

Krports of Committees and Ae- 

I mil Tliereon. 

I iilinished Business. 

\rvv Business. 

I.nsl half hour of each after- 

tinon session to be devoted to 

Ihr receiving of resolutions to 



be read and referred to the 
appropriate committees. 
9. Morning sessions from 10 a.m. 
to 12 m. Afternoon sessions 
from 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. Evening 
session if necessary. 

C. 

1. iNomination of Candidates for 
United States President and 
Vice President second day of 
the convention. 

2. Election of Committee on Va- 
cancies, following nominations 
for President and Vice Presi- 
dent. 

3. Election of National Secretary, 
second day of the convention. 

4. Election of Editor of the 
WEEKiLY PEOiPLE, second 
day of the convention. 

6. Report of Committee on Plat- 
form, second day of the con- 
vention, immediately following 
election of officers. 

6. Report of delegates, last day of 
the convention. 

On motion the recommendation 
of the committee was concurred in. 

On motion the temporary chair- 
man and temporary vice chairman 
were made permanent for the day. 

On motion the temporary record- 
ing secretary was elected permanent 
recording secretary for the duration 
of the convention. 

Sophie Blumenstodk was elected 
assistant recording secretary for the 
duration of the convention. 

Reggie Koegler w^as appointed 
sergeant-at-arm,s and messenger. 

A Committee on Mileage was 
elected as follows: F. C. Zermann, 
Hungarian S-L.F., Theo. Baeff, 
Bulgarian S.L.F. 

On motion the convention ad- 



journed at 11.40 a.m. to reconvene 
for the afternoon session at 1 p.m. 

f 
Afternoon Session^ Saturday^ 
April 25 

The convention was called to or- 
der by Chairman Passonno at 1.05 
p.m. At roll call all delegates were 
present. 

The minutes of the morning ses- 
sion were read and adopted as read. 

Two telegrams sending fraternal 
greetings were received and read 
from Sections Hamilton County^ O.^, 
and Waukegan^ 111. 

The National Secretary began the 
reading of the report of the Nation- 
al Executive Committee to the 19th 
National Convention. 

Motion made and carried that the 
reading of the proposed revisions in 
the Party's Constitution (incorpor- 
ated in the report) be deferred to be 
heard under the report of the Com- 
mittee on Constitution. 

On ruling by the chair^, reading 
of the reports of the Language Fed- 
erations was laid over to Report of 
Delegates. 

At 3.10 p.m.^ a recess of ten min- 
utes was declared, and on reconven- 
ing, the National Secretary resumed 
the reading of the report of the Na- 
tional Executive Committee. 

On suggestion of National Secre- 
tary^ reading of correspondence re 
Santens expulsion notice in the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE was deferred, 
to be taken up, if desired^ under the 
report of the Committee on Consti- 
tution. 

On motion the reading of the re- 
port of the National Executive 
Committee was interrupted to hear 
the report of the Committee on 
Mileage. 



10 



The Mileage Committee rr|)nrl<»l 
a total mileage of $1,979.01. ntnl 
recommended that this sum hv |uil)l 
On motion the recommendalioii mI 
the Mileage Committee was (MUh ih 
red in. 

Motion to adjourn was iiimli mI 
5.30 p.m., to reconvene SitmUi 
morning, April 26, at 10 a.m. (1Jnj> 
light Saving Time.) 

Morning Session, Sunday, Apr 'I V\ 
Convention was called to ord* i n^ 
10.30 a.m. by Chairman F. i:. I'm 
sonno. F. E. Passonno, of \rw 
York, was elected chairman Um (In 
day. 

Roll call showed the follow im^ 
delegates absent: P. Nicliolov» . 
Colorado; J. C, Borden, Jr., Cm 
necticut; P. Bogdan and M. Mnhn 
cich. South Slavonian S.L.F. 'I'hi**^ 
delegates reported late. 

Minutes of the afternoon scsxlun 
April 25, were read and adopt) J «•« 
read. 

Two telegrams of fraternal gnol 
ings were received and read fn»m 
Section Steubenville, Ohio, and I In 
Canadian Executive Committer \ 
letter was received from S< < ' 
Baltimore, through F. G. Bcim i 
announcing the establishment of i 
secretarial office in the CoriU»(i 
Arms Hotel for the use and c«hi\i 
nience of committees. 

The National Secretary rcsiuu .i 
the reading of the report of tin . 
tional Executive Committee. 

Motion made and carried «l N 
noon to suspend the rules to jxTmU 
the National Secretary to com Nil 
the reading of the report of tli<- 
tional Executive Committee. 

The National Secretary rcsnnn .! 




mmI I oiicludt'd the reading of the 

Mm iiiolioii the report of the Na- 

• 1 I', xrciitive Committee was ac- 
d Mild the parts requiring ac- 
fiiinc'd over to the proper com- 

\ lid hr I ion was then is^ken for 
Mm CMiiip/iign Fund amounting to 
#♦»'< UK which included a donation 
«» H. Srclion New Haven, Conn., of 
it un. find $25 from Comrade N. 
« mI.. nn/in, Allentown, Pa. 

I III' National Secretary requested 

wmJ irccived the permission to in- 

'I Ml I he printed report of the 

"Mnl l\xecutive Committee a 

M (rrring to the passing of our 

< niiirade August Gillhaus. 

i Miivcntion adjourned at 1 p.m. 

»u 1 1 riiiivrnc at 2 p.m. 

♦ M(»N)» Session^ Sunday, April 26 

• iivcntion called to order at 2.15 
hv ('hairman F. E. Passonno. 

• 11 dtlt'gates present on roll call 
\A L. Gillespie, of Ohio, who 

• sensed because of illness. 

I tunics of the morning session, 

• d *J(), were read and adopted as 



notion W. Woodhouse, of Ohio, 

ijiH I Icctcd vice chairman for the 
lifttirc of the day. 
Of I motion a photographer was 
IVrii permission to take a picture 
f Ihr convention at the close of to- 
Ijjf'n Ncssion. 
OHvc M. Johnson read her report 
I r:dili»r of the WEEKLY PEO- 
tv. 
Mm motion the report of the Editor 
rrccived and referred to the 
f iii..[n r committees. 
^B Two telegrams of greetings were 
■ nvil and read from the South 



Slavonian Branch Cleveland, O,, and 
Comrade Mehmet Burlakis, Section 
Steubenville, O. 

On motion the convention pro- 
ceeded to the nomination of candi- 
dates for President and Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. 

On motion by J. P. Quinn, Mas- 
sachusetts, seconded by S. Smiley, 
New York, John W. Aiken of Mas- 
sachusetts was unanimously nom- 
inated by the convention as the can- 
didate for President. 

On motion by Olive M. Johnson 
of New York, seconded by T. Gram- 
aticoff, Bulgarian S. L. F., Emil F. 
Teichert of New York was unani- 
mously nominated as the candidate 
for Vice President. 

Short addresses of acceptance 
were made by the candidates. 

On motion by S. Smiley, .seconded 
by J. C. Borden, Jr., the N.E.C. 
Sub-<Committee was elected to serve 
as the committee on vacancies. 

On motion by S. Smilej^, seconded 
by M. Johnson, Arnold Petersen was 
unanimously reelected National Sec- 
re tarj^ 

On motion by L. Jereme, seconded 
by E. F. Teichert, Olive M. John- 
son was unanimously reelected Edi- 
tor of the WEEKLY PEOPLE. 

Committee on Constitution and 
Resolutions Pertaining Thereto was 
elected as follows: J. P. Quinn, 
Massachusetts ; W. Woodhouse, 
Ohio; J. C. Borden, Jr., Connecti- 
cut. 

Committee on Platform and Reso- 
lutions Pertaining Thereto was 
elected as follows: F. N. H. Lang, 
Maryland; Olive M. Johnson, New 
York; S. Smiley, New York, 

Committee on Attitude of the 
Party Toward Economic Organiza- 
tion and Resolutions Pertaining 



11 



i A 



Thereto was elected as follows: M. 
Johnson, Oregon; W. Beckwith, 
District of Columbia; Theo. Grama- 
ticoff, Bulgarian S.L.F. 

Auditing Committee was elected 
as follows: F. C. Zermann, Hun- 
garian S.L.F.; Theo, Baeff, Bulgar- 
ian S.L.F. 

Committee on Party Press and 
Literature was elected as follows: 
J. W. Aiken, Massachusetts ; A. Kud- 
lik, Hungarian S.L.F.; J. Ehrhardt, 
Wisconsin. 

Committee on International So- 
cialist Movement was elected as fol- 
lows: L. Petrovich, South Slavonian 
S.L.F.; G. Bopp, New Jersey; I. 
Shenkan^ California. 

Committee on National Campaign 
was elected as follo'w.s: J. W. Mor- 
ris, Ohio; A. M. Orange, New York; 
E. A. Teichert, Pennsylvania. 

On motion a Committee on Radio 
was elected as follows: H. Simon, 
Connecticut; Mrs. A. K. Storck, 
Ohio; E. F. Teichert, New York, 

On motion a Committee on Gen- 
eral Party Agitation was elected as 
follows: W. W. Cox, Missouri; W. 
R. Knudsen, Illinois; S. French, Il- 
linois. 

On roll call resolutions were in- 
troduced and referred to committees 
as follows: 

From H. Simon, Connecticut, re 
N.E.C. Sub-tCommittee minutes pub- 
lished in the WEEKLY PEOPLE, 
referred to Committee on General 
Party x\gitation. 

From Section Wayne County, 
Mich., re Field and Headquarters 
Notes, referred to Committee on Par- 
ty Press and Literature, 

From Section Wayne County, 
Mich., re organization of local So- 
cialist Industrial Unions, referred to 



12 



Committee on Economic Organiza- 
tion. 

From the New Jersey S.EjC, re 
non-attendance at Section business 
meetings, referred to Committee on 
Constitution. 

From the Ohio S.E.C., re by-laws 
governing Weekly People Clubs, re- 
ferred to Committee on General 
Party Agitation. 

From Section Montreal, Que., 
Canada, re publication of Party lit- 
erature in French, referred to Com- 
mittee on Party Press and Litera- 
ture. 

Convention adjourned at 4,30 
p.m. to reconvene Monday, April 
27, at 10 a.m. 



Morning Session^ Mondays April 27. 

Convention called to order at 
10,15 a.m. by F. E. Passonno. On 
motion F. E. Passonno was elected 
chairman for the day. Alfred 
Schneider, California, was elected 
vice chairman for the day. 

On roll call the following dele- 
gates were absent: J. C. Borden, Jr., 
Connecticut (on committee), J. P. 
Quinn^ Massachusetts (on commit- 
tee), J. Vonica, Michigan, O. M. 
Jolmson and A, M. Orange, New 
York, With the exception of A. M. 
Orange, all absent delegates re- 
ported immediately following the 
calling of the roll. 

The minutes of the afternoon ses- 
sion, Sunday^ April 26, were read 
and adopted as read. 

A telegram of fraternal greetings 
from Bulgarian Group Zora, De- 
troit, Mich., was received and read. 

The Credentials Committee re- 
ported having received the creden- 
tials of Paul Herzel, New York, al- 
ternate delegate to replace A. M. 



Orange, and recommended that he 
be seated as a delegate. Motion to 
concur carried. 

Committee on Constitution and 
Resolutions Pertaining Thereto: J. 
C. Borden, Jr., Connecticut, report- 
ing, rendered a partial report, rec- 
ommending adoption with minor re- 
visions of the proposed constitution- 
al changes contained in the report of 
the National Executive Committee 
dealing with Article I, Section 1 ; 
Article II, Section 1, Section 5, 
clauses a and b. On motion these 
recommendations of the committee 
were concurred in. 

On motion the committee^s recom- 
mendation on Article II, Section 5, 
clause c, was recommitted for re- 
drafting. 

The committee recommended non- 
concurrence in the resolutions sub- 
mitted by the following: New Jer- 
sey S.E.C. and Section South Nor- 
walk. Conn,;, re non-attendance at 
Section business meetings ; R. Ottem, 
Washington, on Article H^, Section 
13, re notification of delinquent 
members. On motion the recom- 
mendations of the committee were 
concurred in. 

The committee recommended that 
the National Secretary be empow- 
ered to draw up an index to be ap- 
pended to the constitution subse- 
quent to adoption of changes by ref- 
erendum ,vate. On motion the rec- 
ommendation of the committee was 
concurred in. 

The committee recommended that 
tlie National Secretary be empow- 
ered to rearrange where necessary 
the numbering and lettering of the 
various articles, sections and clauses 
of the constitution in order to per- 
fect the sequence. 

65:5379 



'^^"^^ittee on Platform and Reso- 
lutions Pertaining Thereto, F.N,H. 

^^? Maryland^ reporting: 

, ^ Motion the Platform was read 

m its entirety. On motion the Plat- 

orm M^as placed before the convcn- 

^^ action on each paragrajih 

^^. O^ motion paragraphs 1, 

^^tl 3 ^^^Ye adopted as corrected; 

P ^^ap}i 4 as read; paragraph 5 as 

rect^^^ paragraphs 6 and 7 as 

' paragraph 8 as corrected ; 

Paragraplis 9^ jq, 11, 12, la and 11 

^^^^; paragraph 15 as corrected; 

Pa^agrapj^ 16 as read- paragraph 

^^^ 18 as corrected; paragrapiis 

19 and 20 as read. On motion i>ara- 

& P^S 2] ^j^j 22 were recomrniiUtl 

^ ^ committee for redrafting. 

^^Journment at 12.25 to recon- 
^^^^^ ^t 2 p.m. 

AfternoQ^ ^^sfj^^.^^ Monday, April 27 
^^^^ention called to order at 2.15 
p.m. by Chairman F. E. Passonno. 
^ ^oll call all delegates present. 
^^%s of the morning session, 
Monday^ April 27, were read. Mo- 
tion made and carried to include in v. 
the miimtes the name of the dele- 
ga e repof^ijjg for each committee. 
On motion the minutes were adopted 
as amended. 

^'^"iftiittee on Platform and Res- 
olutions Pertaining Thereto, F,N.H. 
^^^' Maryland reporting, recom- 
mended the adoption of the revised 
P^^^gi'aphs 21 and 22 in the pro- 
posed Platform. On motion the rec- 
ommendation ^f the committee was 
concurred j^. Regularly moved, 
seconded g^d carried that the Plat- 
^^^"^ be adopted as a whole. 

^^^ committee recommended the 
adoption of the Resolution on Un- 
employiiient. On motion the reso- 



d 



Jution was adopted as corrected. 

The committee recommended the 
adoption of the Resolution on Abso- 
lutism in Government. On motion 
the resolution was adopted as cor- 
rected, and the committee further 
instructed to effect minor changes 
in the wording in paragraph 19. 

The committee recommended the 
adoption of the Eesolution on the 
Mooney Case. On motion the reso- 
lution was adopted as read. 

Committee on Attitude of the 
Party toward Economic Organiza- 
tion and Resolutions Pertaining 
Thereto, Mack Johnson, Oregon^ re- 
porting: 

The committee recommended the 
adoption of the Resolution on Eco- 
nomic Organization and Attitude 
Toward Strikes. On motion the res- 
olution was adopted as corrected. 

The committee recommended that 
the Editor of the WEEKLY PEO- 
PLE publish an editorial based on 
the resolution submitted by Section 
Wayne County, Mich., re the organ- 
ization of local Socialist Industrial 
Unions. On motion the entire ques- 
tion was referred to the National 
Executive Committee. 

A recess of 15 minutes was de- 
clared at 3,55 p.m. 

Auditing Committee, F. C. Zer- 
mami, Hungarian Socialist Labor 
Federation, reporting : Reported 
that the accounts of the National 
Office and the Party Plant have 
been audited for the years 19'32-3, 
1933-4, 1934-5 and 1935-6, and rec- 
ommended that these financial re- 
ports be adopted by the convention, 
with the proviso that the report for 
the year 1935-6 be approved by the 
N. E. C. On motion the recommen- 
dation was concurred in. 



14 



Committee on Party Press arul 
Literature, J. W. Aiken, Massaclm- 
setts, reporting; 

Recommendation 1, on the Knud- 
sen matter: 

1. This committee finds that the 
Editor's analysis and criticism of 
the Knudsen articles were sound and 
in accordance with the Party's posi- 
tion on the questions raised. 

2. This committee finds that the 
action of the Editor in publishing 
and analyzing Comrade Knudsen's 
articles conformed to propriety, and, 
in view of the extenuating circum- 
stances mentioned in her report on 
the matter, taking it up in the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE was necessary 
and consistent with her position as 
Editor. 

A statement was received from 
Comrade Knudsen that he was now 
in full agreement with the analysis 
and criticism made of his articles 
by the Editor of the WEEKLY 
PEOPLE, 

On motion recommendation 1 of 
the committee was concurred in. 

Recommendation 2, re literature 
in the French language: 

The committee recommends that 
the resolution of Section Montreal 
be concurred in and that appropri- 
ate and necessary literature be trans- 
lated into French to such extent as 
is feasible. 

On motion recommendation 2 of 
the committee was concurred in. 

Recommendation 3, re the WEEK- 
LY PEOPLE: 

The Committee on Party Press 
and Literature recommends that Sec- 
tions and members be urged to exert 
greater efforts to get the WEEKLY 
PEOPLE on newsstands and that as 
additional means for increasing sales 
and subscriptions to the WEEKLY 



PI'OPLI^'., the suggestions in Com- 
rade George Bopp'.s letter, embodied 
in tlie N.E.C. report, be followed by 
Sections and members. On motion 
\Uv recommendation was concurred 
in. 

Recommendation 4, re resolution 
on Section Wayne County, Mich,, re 
iMcId and Headquarters Notes: 

The desire of members to see the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE devote more 
space to purely agitational and edu- 
t-ational articles is considered by this 
lommittee to be a laudable one, but, 
on the other hand, to do this by cut- 
ling down or condensing the Notes 
still more than is now done is un- 
wise. 

The Field and Headquarters 
Notes are not only of interest and 
value to members, but contain edu- 
cational matter for non-members. In 
a sense it is a summary of what the 
Party is doing and impressive to 
nil w^ho take up the WEEKLY PEO- 
PLE for the first time, for there is 
lo be found an understanding of the 
scope and nature of our activities. 

Nor can it be denied that Party 
members, too, find, by means of this 
medium, information not otherwise 
obtainable. It would be utterly im- 
possible for the National Office to 
keep Sections informed of these vi- 
tal activities, due to the tremendous 
labor involved in so doing. 

Field and Headquarters Notes is 
an effective and economical method 
of keeping the membership informed, 
and so we believe the majority of 
the Party members consider it. 

Therefore the Committee on Par- 
ly Press and Literature, believing 
the Field and Headquarters Notes 
indispensable, and that any further 
condensation than is now practised 
would be detrimental to the best in- 



terests of the Party, recommends 
that Section Wayne County',s resolu- 
tion be not adopted. 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee was concurred in. 

Recommendation 5, re May Day 
Magazine. On ruling by the chair 
this recommendation was divided 
into two parts (a) and (b), to be 
acted upon separately: 

(a) The May First Magazine con- 
stitutes a valuable addition to our 
publications as is proved by the re- 
sponse it has met with. This com- 
mittee feels that it should continue 
to appear annually. 

On motion part (a) of the recom- 
mendation was concurred in. 

(b) On the other hand, if the cost 
of publication could be reduced, it 
would widen its appeal. The Com- 
mittee on Party Press and Litera- 
ture, therefore, recommends that, if 
possible, the paper stock or printing 
technicalities be altered so that it 
may be sold at a lower price. 

On motion part (b) of the recom- 
mendation was not concurred in. 

A collection w^as taken up for the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE amounting to 
$26.70. 

Committee on International So- 
cialist Movement, George Bopp, 
New Jersey, reporting: 

The committee recommended the 
adoption of the Resolution on the 
International Socialist Movement. 
On motion the resolution was 
adopted as read. 

The committee recommended 
adoption of the Resolution on So- 
viet Russia. On motion the resolu- 
tion was adopted as corrected. 

The committee recommended the 
adoption of the Resolution on In- 
ternational Situation and Future 



15 



War. During the reading of the 
said resolution a motion to suspend 
the rules was carried to permit the 
committee to complete its report. 
On motion the resolution was 
adopted as corrected. 

Delegates F.N.H. Lang, Mary- 
land, J. Vonica, Michigan, L, Jer- 
eme^ Virginia, J. Ehrhardt^ Wiscon- 
sin^ reported that they would be 
unable to attend further sessions of 
the convention. Motion carried that 
delegates who must leave be ex- 
cused from attending future ses- 
sions. The four delegates leaving 
rendered short reports of conditions 
in their territories. 

Convention adjourned at 6 p.m., 
to reconvene Tuesday^ April 28^ at 
10 a.m. 

Morning Session^ Tuesday, April 28 

Convention called to order at 
10.35 a.m.^ by Chairman F. E. Pas- 
sonno. On motion John W. Aiken^ 
Massachusetts, was elected chair- 
man for the day. 

On motion Emil F. Teichert^ 
New Yorkj was elected vice chair- 
man for the day. 

On roll call 43 delegates reported 
present. O. M. Johnson^ New York^ 
J. Vonica^ Michigan^ J. Ehrhardt, 
Wisconsin^ L. Jereme, Virginia^ F. 
N. H. Lang^ Maryland^ absent with 
excuse. 

Minutes of the afternoon session 
of April 27 were read and adopted 
as amended and corrected. 

'Committee on Constitution and 
Resolutions Pertaining Thereto^ J. 
C. Borden, Jr.^ Connecticut, report- 
ing, reported progress. 

Committee on Radio, H. Simon, 
Connecticut^ reporting. The com- 



mittee recommended the adoption of 
Resolution 1 (re intensified radio 
campaign) : 

*' Whereas, With the immineiiL 
collapse of capitalism and the con- 
sequent encroachments upon the 
freedom of speech^ a danger wliicli 
will intensify and parallel the trend 
toward industrial feudalism; and 

''WhereaF, In this critical period 
the Party . 'i .' t leave no stone un- 
turned in utilizing every effective 
agency of propaganda before civil 
rights are dangerously curtailed ; 
and 

'^Whereas, The use of the radio 
has become imperative for the great- 
er spread and more even distribu- 
tion of the Piarty's revolutionary 
message, especially in areas other- 
wise unapproachable; and 

^'Whereas, The national political 
campaign and the resulting wide- 
spread interest in political activity 
has the effect of making available 
radio station facilities which at other 
times might be denied the Party; 
and finally 

"Whereas, the Party's limited ra- 
dio experience has demonstrated 
that radio broadcasting widens its 
sphere of influence ; advertises the 
Party's official organ; builds up 
study classes; and enlarges the at- 
tendance at lectures^ etc. ; be it 

''Resolved, That this convention 
go on record as endorsing an inten- 
sified radio campaign, to be directed 
and coordinated by the National Of- 
fice; and be it further 

"Resolved, That the attached rec- 
ommendations be submitted to the 
National Executive Committee for 
its use and guidance." 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee was concurred in. 

The committee recommended the 




16 



?i(h)ption of the following recom- 
itu'tidations: 

"1. Selection of Speakers: 

"(a) Speakers should be chosen 
with good speaking voices, the test 
itf this to be determined by prelim- 
inary try-outs at stations, most of 
which allow periods for such trials. 

"(b) Speakers should use vocal 
dynamics, i.e., proper^ emphasis^ 
raising and lowering if voice, quiet 
enthusiasm or earnestness, proper 
Icmpo of speakings etc. 

"(c) Good diction is an essential. 
I^aeh word should be spoken clearly 
and proper pronunciation made cer- 
tain. Practice and proper breath- 
ing while rehearsing speech are im- 
portant, 

"(d) Speakers should be able to 
ri'.a(i fluently. As in other things 
practice in reading aloud will assist 
greatly. P\irthermore, complete fam- 
iliarity with the contents of talk 
will facilitate fluent reading. Proper 
l)reathing is also important here. 

"2. Radio Relations: 

"(a) Subdivi,sions should select 
members with business acumen to 
contact radio stations. Effort should 
be made to secure commercial rateS;, 
])olitical rates being much higher. 
Tact and courtesy should be used 
when dealing with radio station au- 
thorities, and also in the event of an 
arising controversy. 

"(b) iSign contracts for the full 
period of the planned series and 
take advantage of discounts. 

"3. Preparation of Talks: 

"The committee recommends that 
the suggestions of Comrade C. M. 
Carlson of Ketchikan, Alaska, who 
is experienced in radio work, be 
followed: 

" 'A speech that is fine for a hall 
or street meeting is not necessarily 



worth very much on the air; that is, 
not worth what it costs for "time/' 
unless the *' chain" of speech mate- 
rial is intensely interesting and has 
a proper "hook" on the end of it to 
"bring home the bacon," the radio 
talk is considered largely wasted. 

" 'The SJL.P. has in its prin- 
ciples, tactics — its De Leonism — the 
ingredients for the most interesting 
kind of radio messages that could 
possibly be imagined, from the 
standpoint of holding attention of a 
radio listener, and the trick of fast- 
ening the proper "hook" to the trend 
of the *' chain" should not be dif- 
ficult if the proper study and effort 
are put forth. . . The subject of 
Daniel De Leon lends itself especial- 
ly well to radio broadcasting. Peo- 
ple like biography. Anyone does. It 
is news to most people that the S.L. 
P. is the oldest Socialist organiza- 
tion — that it is the Party of De 
Leon — that Lenin recognized De 
Leon as the only Socialist scholar 
who had added anything to Socialist 
science since Marx; which would in 
turn suggest the question of WHAT 
that something was, etc 

" 'We certainly can let millions 
know that there is an S.L. P.; who 
and what Marx really is; who De 
Leon was — what his lifewor'k was. 
We can convict the capitalist system 
out of the mouths of the capitalist 
spokesmen themselves. . . As for 
the C.P. and S.P. crowd, they can 
also be exposed out of their own 
mouths. 

" *I think there are many things 
that can be put out with every ele- 
ment of human interest, suspense, 
humor to the point, etc., that will 
keep listeners-in stay tuned-in and 
holding on until the final "hook" is 
given them to get their names and 
17 



addresses and request for something 
we might decide to offer them.' 

'%. Coordination and Organiza- 
tion of Radio Talks: 

''Quoting from Comrade Carlson 
again — 'Having met a number of 
men and women who were and are 
considered experts in the broadcast- 
ing line^ I have learned from them 
that there is perhaps no other way 
where one can w^aste money more 
easily than buying "time" on the air 
unleas everything connected with it 
is done with full knowledge of what 
is being done.' 

"The committee recommends: 

"(a) That Subdivisions avoid hap- 
hazard broadcasts and concentrate 
on sustained series of talks^ develop- 
ing many .sides of the Socialist ques- 
tion in orderly sequence. 

*'(b) Questions should be asked 
for from the audience^ and at inter- 
vals time set aside for the answer- 
ing of these questions over the air. 

"(c) Utilize broadcasts to adver- 
tise lectures^ social affairs^j study 
classes and Party literature. Pleas 
for funds may also be made. 

*'(d) Avoid too many announce- 
mentSj etc.^ on any one broadcast. 

"(e) It is further recommended 
that the subdivisions submit proj)osed 
talks to the Sub-^Committee fo;: cor- 
rection and endorsement^ providing 
time, permits. 

"5. Free Time: 

"(a) Investigate all radio forums 
and try to .secure free time. 

"(b) Investigate the possibilities 
for securing time for lectures. 

"6. Advertising Talks: 

"The committee recommends that 
radio broadcast be advertised in ev- 
ery legitimate manner. 

"(a) Printing of cards for dis- 
tribution; .said cards^ furthermore^ to 



be enclosed in half dozen lots in au 
swers to correspondence with any 
inquirers. 

"(b) Announcements shouhl Ih 
placed under Radio News page ol' 
newspapers. Letters .should be sen I 
to the radio editors of papers, ask 
ing that program be listed in raih'n 
log as 'Socialist Labor Party' ami 
listed among 'Special Features' if 
possible. 

"7. Opening and Clo.sing An 
nouncements : 

"(a) The announcer should be 
brief in his introduction. Example: 
Introduction — 'Introducing Mr. 
John Doe of the Socialist Labor 
Party. Mr. Doe.' 

"Conclusion: 'You have jusL 
listened to Mr, John Doe of the So- 
cialist Labor Party. The S.L.P. will 
be heard again over this station next 
. evening at this hour.' 

"8. Tips to Speakers (from Eric 
Ha.ss's letter to the National Office, 
March, 1936): 

"(1) Be sure of yourself and 
practice each speech before a dummy 
microphone. 

"(2) Use vocal dynamics by put 
ting expression into your delivery. 

"(3) Mark the script with a 'p' 
where you want to pause and under- 
score when you want to emphasize. 

"(4) Keep your mind on the script 
during delivery. 

"(5) Have the speech well timed. 
Do not read too fast, Mark the script 
where you should be at 5 minutes, 
10 minutes, and during the last min- 
ute or so you can finish faster or 
slower to end 'on the nose.' 

"(6) Enunciation: Pronounce each 
word distinctly and treat it as a sep- 
arate entity. Never run words to- 
gether. While you might 'get away' 
with this on the platform^, it is a 




\uH\r recommendation to your radio 
niidiciice. Key your ear. Listen to 
yourself speak. 

"(7) Be certain of correct pro- 
mi ticiation. Where there is the 
slightest doubt look the word up and 
mark it for pronunciation on the 
script.'* 

Oil motion the recommendations of 
I lie committee, together with the 
suggestion from S. Smiley, New 
\'ork, were referred to the National 
l-:xccutive Committee for such action 
as it found posisible. 

Committee on National Campaign, 
]-'. A. Teichert, Pennsylvania, re- 
porting. The committee recommend- 
rd the adoption of the following 
resolutions; 

Resolution No. 1 : 
''Whereas, The need for ever-in- 
ercasing contributions to the agita- 
tional funds of the revolutionary 
movement is apparent; and 

"Whereas, Particularly this year, 
1936, being a national campaign 
year, the need for a large campaign 
fund is imperative; therefore be it 

"Resolved, That this convention 
endorses the action of the N.E.C. 
Sub-^Committee in issuing a call for 
a $100,000 National Campaign 
Fund," 

On motion the recommendation of 
I he committee was concurred in. 

Resolution No. 2: 

"Whereas, The N.E.C. Sub-Com- 
mittee has issued a call for a $100,- 
OOO National Campaign Fund; and 

"Whereas, The N.E.C. Sub-Com- 
mittee has recommended specific 
incasuffes to be employed in reach- 
ing that goal, as outlined in a letter 
of recent date to the subdivisions of 
the Party; therefore be it 

"Resolved, That these recommen- 



dations be endorsed by the National 
Convention." 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee was concurred in. 

Resolution No. 3: 

'* Whereas, The amount of $100,- 
000 has been set as our objective 
for the 1936 Campaign Fund; and 

"Whereas, In the light of the 
pressing need for sound scientific 
Socialist education, this goal of 
$100,000 should be considered an 
absolute minimum; and 

"Whereas, We are, at the present 
time^ in sight of our pre- convent ion 
Campaign Fund objective of $20,- 
000 ; therefore be it 

"Resolved, That the members and 
sympathizers of the Party be urged 
by this convention to duplicate their 
pre-convention Campaign Fund 
pledges, to the end that we collect 
a similar amount by July 15, 1936." 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee was concurred in. 

Resolution No. 4: 

"Whereas, The increased agita- 
tional activities of the Party in con- 
nection with the National Campaign 
of 1936 will inevitably overtax an 
already over-burdened staff at the 
National Office; and 

"Whereas, These campaign activi- 
ties should be handled by a special 
department, organized for that 
specific purpose, under the jurisdic- 
tion of the National Secretary ; 
therefore be it 

"Resolved, That this convention 
recommend to the N.E.C. the a})- 
pointment of a special assistant l.o 
the National Secretary, to hand I r 
such matters in connection with Hie 
campaign, and for its duration, as 
the National Secretary may dirccl." 



19 



On motion the recommendation of 
the committee was concurred in. 

Resolution No. 5: 

* 'Whereas^ It is evident that the 
Party must increase its agitational 
activities, as capitalist dissolution 
takes its course; and 

"Whereas^ Public meetings^ both 
outdoor and indoor^ are one of the 
best means we have at our disposal 
for this purpose ; therefore be it 

"Resolved^ That this convention 
recommend to the N.E.C that our 
national candidates be toured; and 
be it further 

"Resolved^ That this convention 
recommend to the N.E.C. that as 
raanj^ national organizers as is con- 
sidered advisable by the National 
Office be put on the road for the 
Party." 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee was concurred in. 

Resolution No. 6: 

*'Whereas^ The strain in connec- 
tion with Party agitation is severe; 
and 

"Whereas^ This strain in the past 
has caused some of our national or- 
ganizers to break down in health; 
and 

''Whereas^ This is due in some 
measure to lack of sufficient rest 
and recuperation periods; therefore 
be it 

"Resolved^ That this convention 
recommend to the N.EJC. that it in- 
sist that 'rest days' be considered 
rest days, and that organizers be 
cautioned against accepting extra 
assignments on such rest days.'' 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee was concurred in. 



Committee on General Party Agi- 



tation^ S. French^ Illinois^ reporting. 
The committee recommended the 
adoption of the following recommcn 
dations : 

Recommendation 1 : 

*'Thi,s committee does not concur 
in the resolution submitted to it (»m 
'General rulings and regulations of 
the N.EjC. Sub-Committee beine* en 
larged upon sufficiently when 
printed in the WEEKLY PEOPEi: 
to give the membership more de- 
tailed analysis for application of 
such rulings and regulations/ as it 
feels only the general notes given 
in the WEEKLY PEOPLE are suf- 
ficient for comprehension and ap- 
plication^ being limited by necessity 
to a general report/' 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee was concurred in. 

Recommendation 2 : 

''General discussion was enter- 
tained on the subject of study 
clas,sesj covering the fundamentals 
expressed in pages 17 to 22a of the 
report of the Editor of the WEEK- 
LY PEOfPLE— the study classes 
comprising a valuable part of the 
educational program of the Socialist 
Labor Party: 

"Topics covered — ■ 

"(a) The Management of Study 
Classes. 

"(b) Uniform methods of teaching 
and studying. 

"(c) Varying degrees of acquir- 
ing this knowledge. 

"(d) Specified text-books and 
other sources of such knowledge. 

"(e) Speakers' classes. 

"(f) Questions and answers pre- 
pared for instructor and pupils. 

"(g) Beginners to be given no 
home work. 

"(h) Preliminary review by in- 



I 



slrnctor before clasSj giving ,synop- 
sis of lesson, followed by questions 
ixnd answers from students on the 
j)rcliminary review interpreting the 
instructor's outline. 

"As a result of our analysis^ we 
recommend: 

"(1) That study class meetings 
he limited to approximately two 
hours. 

"(2) That a preliminary review of 
I he topic, to be studied, be stated by 
the instructor. 

"(3) That uniform procedure be 
adhered to by the national organiza- 
tion. 

"In view of which we endorse the 
recommendations outlined by Com- 
rade Olive M. Johnson, in her re- 
jjort to the convention, and further 
advocate that when a beginners' 
study class is formed the simpler De 
Leon pamphlets be first introduced 
as the 'ABC of Socialism,' namely, 
'What Means This Strike.^', 'Reform 
or Revolution,' 'Burning Question 
of Trades Unionism/ 

"The advanced class of students 
thereafter may choose any pamphlets 
or books of their choice, at the dis- 
cretion of the instructor, but we rec- 
ommend development in the follow- 
ing order: 

"L 'What Means This Strike?' 

"2. 'Reform or Revolution.?' 

"3. 'Burning Question of Trades 
Unionism/ 

"4. 'Socialist Reconstruction of 
Society.* 

"5. 'Two Pages from Roman His- 
tory.' 

"6. 'Crises in European History.' 

"7. 'Value, Price and Profit.' 

"8. 'Industrial Unionism (Edito- 
rials).' 

"9. 'Unemployment.'" 

On motion the recommendation of 



the committee was amended to in- 
clude instruction to the National 
Executive Committee to prepare a 
.study class enrollment form for na- 
tional use. On motion the recom- 
mendation as amended was adopted. 

Recommendation 3: 
"The California Disruption: 
"In view of the disclosures, this 
committee goes on record as ap- 
proving emphatically the manner of 
handling the California disruption 
case recently by the National Of- 
fice, including the National Execu- 
tive Committee, its Sub-Committee 
and the National Secretary, accord- 
ing to the 24-page document, re- 
cording the communications ex- 
changed, which was sent to all the 
membership. . There was no other 
course to pursue." 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee was concurred in. 

Recommendation No. 4: 

"Weekly People Clubs: 

"Referring to the tentative Con- 
stitution and By-Laws of the 
Weekly People Club, as submitted 
by the State Executive Committee 
of Ohio, we heartily endorse the 
formation of Weekly People Clubs, 
and that portion of the proposed 
Constitution and By-Laws submit- 
ted by the S.E.C. of Ohio, embrac- 
ing particularly Articles I and XL 

"In Article I, however^ that in 
place of the words 'subscribe to,' the 
words be substituted 'subscribe to or 
sympathize with' — eliminating the 
word 'member.' 

"This committee is not in accord 
with Article III of the afore-men- 
tioned Constitution and By-Laws, 
as relates to management, and in 
its place would recommend substi- 
tution of the statement that 'The 



20 



21 



I 



r 



management of the Club shall be in 
accordance with S.L.P. Constitu- 
tion and procedure/ '* 

[At tliis point the suggestion was 
made that since it was not advisable 
or necessary to read these By-iLaws 
at this time, the entire matter be re- 
ferred to the N.E.C.] 

On motion the entire question of 
Weekly People Clubs was referred 
to the N.E.C. Sub-Committee for 
consideration and action. 

The committee submitted recom- 
mendations on radiOj outdoor agita- 
tion and campaign manager, which 
had been previously covered in the 
reports of other committees. On mo- 
tion these recommendations were 
received and filed. 

The Credentials Committee^ F. C. 
Zermann^ Hungarian S.L.F.^ report- 
ing, reported having received the 
credentials of Rose Weinberger^ 
New York, alternate delegate to re- 
place O. M. Johnson, and recom- 
mended that she be seated as a dele- 
gate. Motion to concur carried. 

On motion the action of the con- 
ventioai on the recommendation of 
the Committee on Constitution^ re 
the resolution from the New Jersey 
S.E.C. concerning non-attendance at 
business meetings^ was reconsid- 
ered. On motion the recommenda- 
tion of the committee on this reso- 
lution was again concurred in. 

Convention adjourned at 12.15 
p.m. to reconvene at 2 p.m. 

Afterthoon Session, Tuesday, 
April 28 
Convention called to order by 
Chairman J. W, Aiken at 2.05 p.m. 
On roll call forty delegates were 
present. J. C. Borden, Jr.^ Connec- 
ticut, J. P. Quinn, Massachusetts, 



W. Woodhouse, Ohio^ absent on c(h»i 
mittee. J. Fischer, Kentucky, ah 
sent with excuse. 

Minutes of morning session, April 
28, read and adopted as read. 

Committee on Constitution and 
Resolutions Pertaining Thereto, J. 
C. Borden, Jr., reporting. The com- 
mittee recommended that the con- 
vention concur in the constitutional 
changes proposed in the report of 
the National Executive Committee, 
with certain changes and additions 
proposed by the Committee on Con- 
stitution, and included in its de- 
tailed report. 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee on Article II, Section 
5, clause f, re issuance of member- 
sliip card with one [free duesl 
stamp to new members was not con- 
curred in. 

On motion the recommendation of 
the committee on Article XIII, in- 
troduction and Section 7, re chang- 
ing the sequence and wording of 
these sections in this article, was 
not concurred in. On motion the 
words ''affiliated with" in the sec- 
ond and third lines of Article XIII, 
were stridken out, and the words 
''attached to" substituted; the words 
"in the following manner'* in the 
third line to be stricken out and the 
words ''on the following basis" sub- 
stituted. 

On motion the report of the com- 
mittee was adopted with above 
noted exceptions. 

On motion the incoming X.E.iC. 
Sub-Committee was empowered to 
effect any minor changes in number- 
ing and to edit wording that might 
be required. 

During the hearing of the report 
of the Committee on Constitution a 



r« cess of fwQ, minutes was declared 
il 1.20 p.m. 

niiriiig the reading of the report 
*y^ Hie Committee on Constitution 
Mir fidlowing delegates asked to be 
« \riis('d from further attendance at 
(lir convention: W. R. Knudsen and 
.1. I-:. Procum, Illinois; C. F. Bish- 
op. Itliodc Island; A. Tueling, Mich- 
igan; A. Schneider, California. On 
motion tlie rules were suspended to 
hear reports from the departing 
d«lcgates. Delegates Procum and 
Sclim^ider made short reports on 
rondilions in their territories. 

Committee on Mileage, F. C. Zer- 
niatm, Hungarian S.L.F., reporting, 
reported that several delegates had 
rtxpiested changes in their mileage 
resulting in refunds of $46.17, re- 
ducing the total mileage of the con- 
vention to $1,932.87. 

Adjournment at 6 p.m., to recon- 
wmi at 7 p.m. 

Tuesday Evening Session, April 28 

Convention called to order at 7.25 
p.m. by Chairman J. W. Aiken. 

On roll call 37 delegates were 
present; Beorge Bopp, New Jersey, 
excused. 

Minutes of the afternoon session, 
April 28, were read and adopted as 
corrected. 

On motion the N.E.C. was in- 
.structed to investigate the question 
of preparing advertising stickers to 
be attached to sample copies of the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE, as suggested 
in the report of the Editor of the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE. 

Reports of Delegates. On motion 



the reports of delegates were re- 
stricted to ^ve minutes. The follow- 
ing delegates reported, and on mo- 
tion their reports were accepted: 

I, Shenkan for California ; P. 
Nicholove for Colorado; H. Simon 
for Connecticut; W. Beckwith for 
District of Columbia; S. French for 
Illinois; H. G. Wise for Indiana; 
J. W. Aiken and J. P. Quinn for 
Massachusetts; W. Foy for Minne- 
sota; W, W. Cox for Missouri; E. 
F. Tcichert for New York; J. W. 
Morris for Ohio ; M. Johnson for 
Oregon; J, A. Pirincin for Pennsyl- 
vania; R. Ottem for Washington. 

The National Secretary read the 
reports of the Bulgarian S.L.F., 
Hangar I an S-L.F., and South Slavo- 
nian S.L.F., as incorporated in the 
report of tlie National Executive 
Committee. On motion these reports 
were adopted. 

During the reading of the report 
of the South Slavonian S.L.F.^ 
Chairman J. W. Aiken was excused 
and Vice Chairman E. F. Teichert 
took his place. 

Recess was declared at 9.25 p.m. 
for the preparation of the minutes. 

Convention called to order at 9.40 
p.m. by Vice Chairman Emil F. 
Teichert. 

Tlie minutes of the 19th National 
Convention were read and adopted 
as read. 

The convention adjourned at 10.10 
p.m. sine die. 

Fraternally submitted. 

Ward Beckwith, 
Recording Secretary. 
Sophie Blumenstock, 
Ass*t Recording Secretary. 



22 



23 



THE REPORT OF THE NATIONAL EXECUTIVE 
COMMITTEE TO THE CONVENTION. 



Introduction. 

Greetings : 

The 1936 national campaign in the 
United States opens in a setting of 
profound world unrest, and almo,st 
complete world chaos. At no time 
in the world's history within a cen- 
tury and a half has there been a 
general situation of such tremendous 
magnitude in point of world conflict, 
and universal confusion and threat- 
ening disaster, as at this very mo- 
ment. To find anything comparable, 
relatively speaking, one must go 
*back to the period of the Renais- 
sance, and the age of Reformation 
which followed it, and which kept 
the then civilized world in chaos and 
turmoil, in a state of fermentation 
and violence, for a hundred years or 
more. But the processes of trans- 
formation which then required dec- 
ades or centuries to complete are 
now effected in a year or two. The 
social forces that have been un- 
leashed, and which only the working 
class, organized on De Leon-Marx- 
ian lines, can again bring under con- 
trol, and direct toward a fruitful 
and .socially useful end — these forces 
are rushing through our decadent 
and dying social system like the 
mighty torrents which recently have 
flooded our valleys and lowlands, 
threatening, or causing destruction 
of incalculable consequences. 

The famous Marxian dictum that 

24 



history repeats itself, once as tra- 
gedy and again as farce, is con- 
firmed in many respects as the capi- 
talist system with lightning speed is 
approaching its termination as a so- 
cial system in its proper historic 
sense. On the world .stage now as, 
say, thirty years ago, there appear 
men and mummers, making their 
exits and entrances, doing their 
ephemeral stunts, and then pas.s on. 
They seem to be mere imitations, 
and their acts mere repetitions, of 
those of a generation ago. Yet that 
is true only in a superficial ,sense. 
And if the matters which agitated 
the mummers of a generation ago 
sometimes seem farcical to us, it is 
chiefly because we view them in a 
perspective made- possible through 
an economic development which, ab- 
solutely and relatively speaking, can 
only be described as phenomenal. 
Fundamentally, the struggle and is- 
sues of a generation ago are the 
same as in our day. Even ,some of 
the individuals were the same as to- 
day. Scanning through the politi- . 
cal literature of the campaign of 
1908, for instance, we find, among 
others, the unspeakable Hearst oc- 
cupying the center of the stage, 
though then in the ^sinister, dem- 
agogic role of arousing the mob 
spirit through his masked or sham 
attacks on corporate wealth, as then 
particularly exemplified in Standard 
Oil. At the moment this sinister 



1 



character, .securely ensconced be- 
lli nd his immense wealth, is howling 
nnd fuming with rage because his 
trlcgraras have been placed at the 
disposal of a Senatorial Committee 
- telegrams wherein his unscrupulous 
nud reactionary designs were dis- 
cussed. In 1908 Mr. Hearst was 
publishing private telegrams which 
he had stolen — or which someone 
had stolen for him — from the files 
of Standard Oil. In one of these 
letters (written by a Senator Mc- 
I.aurin to John D, Archbold of the 
Standard Oil Co.) Theodore Roose- 
velt is quoted as .saying that some 
day he hoped to be able ''to take a 
fall out of that Standard Oil gang'' 
for the reason that attacking the 
Standard Oil would "appeal to the 
masses and keep him [Roosevelt] in 
the centre of the stage," Theodore 
Roosevelt is gone, but Hear.st is still 
here at his same old game — ^truly a 
symbol of capitalist unscrupulous- 
ness, demagogy and ultra reaction. 

In 1908 hireling bands — referred 
to as "Night Riders and Lynchers" 
^carried on in behalf of those who 
desired to raise prices of cotton, 
threatening to burn crops and cot- 
ton-gin houses if cotton was ginned 
before prices rose. True, in our day 
this sort of thing is done under gov- 
ernment supervision, but the o'bject 
and result are the same — destroy 
crops to keep up prices, .so that the 
existence of this bankrupt capitalist 
system may be prolonged. *'The 
peace of Europe" was threatened 
then as now, and the machinations 
of statesmen were reviewed with 
dire forebodings. The Balkans were 
the powder magazine then, as Cen- 
tral Europe is the powder magazine 
today. Treaties were discussed with 
the same owlish solemnities that they 



are discussed today. "Austria makes 
no apology for her sudden action," 
observes one commentator. Substi- 
tute "Hitler" for "Austria," and we 
have a current new^spaper headline 
before us. 

And the politicians of that year 
were making the same appeals that 
we hear today. Taft, who was the 
Republican candidate, wept for the 
"laboring men," meanwhile attack- 
ing the proposal of the Democratic 
politicians to curb the use of "in- 
junctions in industrial disputes." 
The tariff, "the immediate indepen- 
dence of the Philippines," control 
and regulation of banks to safeguard 
the investors and prevent panics; 
attacks on the Democratic "financial 
and economic theories .... calculated 
to frighten all sound, conservative 
business men"; ridicule of Bryan's 
"greenbackism" and the danger 
thereof— these, and many others, 
read as if they were uttered by a 
Mr. Ogden Mills against a Franklin 
D. Roosevelt. Such phrases as 
these: "The country is just now 
slowly recovering from a financial 
depression and a panic which came 
to us in October and November of 
last year" (i.e., 1907, not 1929!); 
"all that is needed is the restora- 
tion of confidence"; "the necessary 
capital would be withheld [if Taft 
was not elected] and we should proib- 
ably have a continuation of the 
present [1908] depression for the 
coming four years"; these and many 
others sound as if they might have 
been uttered today iby the Liberty 
Leaguers or the New Dealers, as the 
case might be. 

On his part Bryan promised re- 
turn of prosperity, and as the grand, 
outstanding "labor" objective he 
guaranteed — the establishment of a 
25 



J 



Department of Labor! The Repub- 
licans were charged with responsib- 
ility for the panic of 1907^ even as 
Hoover and his immediate predeces- 
sors were charged with responsibil- 
ity for the ''panic" of 1929, and 
even as Frank D, Roosevelt is now 
held responsible for its continuance. 
Varying the appeal but slightly, 
Eugene V. Debs, of the bourgeois 
S. P., pleaded for what has now 
come to be known as typical Social 
Democratic and Anarcho-'Communist 
reform measures. ''As means of tem- 
porary relief," said Debs, "appli- 
cable during the period of transition 
to a collective system of industry, 
the party [S.PJ proposes 'immedi- 
ate government relief for the unem- 
ployed workers by building .schools, 
by reforesting of cut-over and waste 
lands, by reclamation of arid tracts 
and the building of canals, and by 
extending all other useful public 
works/ *' These proposals, be it re- 
membered, were made by Debs and 
the S.P., and not by Franklin D. 
Roo.sevelt or any other New Dealer 1 
With implications of imminent, 
dreadful disaster to the capitalist, 
and quoting one of his brethren, 
Debs said: "Prophecy is dangerous, 
but 1908 should for many reasons 
hold in ,store a great surprise for the 
old-party politicians." Nearly thirty 
years have passed; Debs and most 
of the politicians of his day have 
sunk into their graves, and capital- 
ist politicians are .still uttering the 
same stock phrases, and petty bour- 
geois politicians a la Socialist party 
and Communist party are still 
mumbling the same ,silly reform 
phrases, the same empty threats, 
and the same reactionary "immedi- 
ate demands" ! 

In contrast to all these, then as 



now, spoke the Socialist Laibor Par- 
ty, but then through the mouth of 
that sterling proletarian champion, 
the late August Gillhaus. Exposing 
the hollowness of the reforms, point- 
ing to the menace looming up in the 
shape of absolutism in government, 
w^ith its inevitable accompaniment of 
economic serfdom for the w^orkers, 
the Socialist Labor Party in 1908 
stressed the imperative need of the 
Industrial Union as the only means 
of achieving the emancipation of 
our class. "The necessity of the 
union — that is, the revolutionary 
economic organization of the work- 
ing class, organized upon the integ- 
rally industrial plan, and thereby 
able to perform the revolutionary 
act, through being able to perform 
the function of an 'army of occupa- 
tion.' Without such economic organ- 
ization, the day of Socialist [politi- 
cal] victory, if at all possible, would 
be the day of its defeat." And ut- 
tering a solemn warning as to the 
consequences of ,such a political vic- 
tory, without that "army of occupa- 
tion" — i.e., the revolutionary Indus- 
trial Union, the S.L.P. said in that 
campaign of 1908: 

"No greater calamity could be- 
fall the land, and, therefore Social- 
ism itself, than the political victory 
of Socialism unaccompanied by the 
adequate economic organization, 
ready to 'move in' and assume the 
reins of administration. As physi- 
cal force anarchism [read Anarcho- 
Communism] would lead directly to 
a Paris Commune massacre, so 
would a pure and simple Socialist 
political victory plunge the country 
into national chaos. . . . Not the So- 
cialist Republic, but the 'President 
Hog' of Macaulay's forecast, or the 



savage Caesar of Ignatius Donnel- 
ly*s 'Caesar's Column/ would then 
leap out of the cauldron in which 
the present social forces are seeth- 
ing;/' 



In these w^ords are embodied, on 
the one hand, the full-orbed program 
of the Social Revolution, and, on the 
other, the inescapable alternative, 
economic autocracy, or Industrial 
Feudalism. And the issue is the 
same today. 

Have we, then, stood still in these 
thirty years? Are we standing 
still, turning around on the spot, as it 
were? Are we but repeating, with 
different men and mummers, the po- 
litical and social show of a genera- 
tion ago? No, we have not stood 
still. We are not spinning around 
in circles. We, that is, society, have 
moved rapidly until we have defin- 
itely reached^ the parting of the 
ways. The politicians and the re- 
formers, however, have .stood still. 
They have been, and are, spinning 
around in circles. These reformers 
liave learned nothing; "evermore 
they come out by that same door as 
in they went/' The Socialist Labor 
Party in 1908 was abreast of — nay, 
in a measure, ahead of the times. 
But time has caught up with us, or 
nearly so. If chaos and confusion 
reigned thirty years ago, the chaos 
has spread until it can scarce spread 
farther; and the confusion has be- 
come a thousand times worse con- 
founded. But, as De Leon said: 

"For all this there is no hopeless 
chaos. Through the thick dust 
raised by the universal clash, the 
lines are perceptible that distinguish 
the diverse social currents/' 

And lie added: 



"In the state of social statics, 
however bitter the outbursts of feuds 
among the ruling sections of a com- 
monweal, the menace of .social dis- 
solution is absent. It is otherwise 
at the transition stage of dynamics. 
At that stage the menace of the dis- 
solution of the social bonds leaps 
up hideously— and, then, rough-hewn 
though class tactics may be, that 
menace shapes ruling class strategy. 
In sight of the dread appari- 
tion [of .social anarchy] society, in- 
stinctively alarmed for its safety, 
ever flies*^ to the other extreme— ab- 
solutism. The move ever proceeds 
from the ruling class/' 

On the eve of this great campaign, 
we of the Socialist Labor Party 
stand, without reproach and without 
,stain, clear-sighted and with steady 
hand. And as we review the work 
of our Party during this last mo- 
mentous four-year period, and as we 
bend to the task, we do so in the 
spirit of unconquered and conquering 
soldiers of the army of working 
class emancipation, determined that 
capitalism must be destroyed. 



Campaign of 1932. 

The report of our four-year pe- 
riod naturally begins with the 1932 
campaign. The National Secretary 
covered the campaign, and the most 
salient points, in his report to the 
N.E.C. in session 1933, and it is not 
necessary to repeat in detail what 
was .said then. Suffice it to say that 
the results of the campaign went 
beyond our expectations, providing a 
powerful impetus to Party activity 
and growth. Altogether there were 
toured, either directly by the Na- 
tional Office or by state and local 
organizations, about twenty-four 
27 



26 



comrades, which then was an "all- 
time high," but which we should at 
least double this campaign. A tre- 
mendous quantity of literature was 
sold or distributed free, including 
about 3,000,000 campaign leaflets. 
More than $23,000 was collected for 
the campaign, a figure which we ex- 
pect to multiply four times this 
year. A number of radio addresses 
were broadcast. All in all, it was a 
stirring campaign which, however, 
we expect to surpass in the cam- 
paign of 1936. 



Organizers on the Road. 

During the years following the 
1933 campaign a great many com- 
rades have ibeen toured — more, in 
fact, than in any other similar pe- 
riod in Party history. They include 
the following comrades: John P. 
Quinn, Verne L. Reynolds, Eric 
Hass, J. P. Campbell, W. Wood- 
house, E. H. Culshaw, Mack John- 
son, John W. Aiken, and others. Lo- 
cally, or under state auspices, the 
following comrades have been 
toured, for shorter periods of time: 
Theo. Gramaticoif, Joe Ehrhardt, E,. 
H. Catching, Geo. Bopp, Emil F. 
Teichert, Jacob Berlin, Aaron M. 
Orange, A. J. Taylor, W. W. Cox, 
Alfred Teichert, J. C. Borden, Jr., 
H. Simon, and others, for a few 
trips, or regular visits to neighbor- 
ing Sections. 

During the year that has just 
passed, the following comrades were 
toured: John P. Quinn, who covered 
the greater part of the country, as 
far west and southwest as Denver, 
Colo., and Oklahoma. Eric Hass, 
who traveled up and down the west 
coast, doing splendid work for the 
Party; V. L. Reynolds, who con- 



tinued the Lecture Circuit tours, ter- 
minating them in June, 1935, with 
Circuit No. 9, in Michigan, con- 
tinuing with short tour.s under the 
auspices of the New York and Penn- 
sylvania State Executive Commit- 
tees, and finally going on a tour cov- 
ering Atlantic and Midwestern 
states, which recently was through t 
to a close in Oklahoma where Com- 
rade Reynolds intends to remain for 
a while if he can manage to make a 
living. If he does stay in Oklahoma 
we may depend on having one or 
more S.L.P. Sections there in the 
near futiire. We shall have more to 
say later about Comrade Reynolds's 
work and results attained. Comrade 
Aiken was toured for limited pe- 
riods of time in New England (par- 
ticularly in Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island), the Massachusetts 
tour having been directed by the 
Massachusetts S.E.C. Comrade Cul- 
shaw was toured through Canada 
last summer for a period of a'bout 
two months, and through the Middle 
West for about three months, his 
tour terminating about September 
30. Eor eleven weeks Comrade Cul- 
-shaw was toured under the auspices 
of the Illinois S.E.C., with the Na- 
tional Office paying part of the ex- 
pense. Comrade Campbell, who had 
been on the road, with but brief in- 
terruptions, since the campaign of 
1932, was toured through .the states 
of Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, Wis- 
consin, Minnesota and Illinois, his 
tour terminating (as in the case of 
some of the other comrades, for lack 
of funds to continue) about the end 
of October last. Comrades Eric 
HastS and Mack Johnson alternated 
as organizers in the Pacific Coast 
states. There is no need of com- 
menting on the work accomplished 
28 



I 



and the manner of doing it, by Com- 
rade Hass, as well as the other vet- 
eran comrades mentioned. Special 
mention should be made here of Mack 
Johnson who, despite his youth, 
seems to carry himself like a veteran, 
having developed into a fine .speaker 
and organizer, according to all re- 
ports. It is hoped that following the 
1936 campaign, and for an indefin- 
ite, period, we shall be able to con- 
tinue on tile road these comrades: 
Quinn, Reynolds, Hass, Culshaw, 
Aiken, Johnson, and as many others 
as possible. 

Comrade John P. Quinn has sub- 
mitted the following observations 
and report covering last year's ac- 
tivities : 

"Mr. Arnold Petersen, 
"45 Rose St., 
"New York, N.Y. 
"Dear Comrade Petersen: 

''In viewing our activity during 
the past year, two things seem to me 
to stand out prominently. One is a 
feeling of apathy on the part of the 
workers as a whole; the other, a 
more widespread and intense inter- 
est in our program by a greater 
number of workers. That may seem 
contradictory, but it isn't. Both 
these separate and distinct condi- 
tions are a result of something else. 
That something else is a growing 
and widening consciousness among 
increasing numbers of workers that, 
despite an apparent improvement in 
business, conditions confronting the 
working class are steadily ,becoming 
worse. The working class looked 
hopefully to the present administra- 
tion to restore prosperity and to 
President Roosevelt specifically as 
the magician whose energetic per- 



formances were to do that. Their 
hopes were raised to the 'seventh 
heaven' of expectation. But, during 
the past year in particular, they 
have been so punctured with disap- 
pointment that now they are as flat 
as a deflated tire. Despite stimulants 
administered to the collapsing svs- 
tern, it continues to disintegrate and 
the lot of the workers becomes 
worse. 

"The expected return of prosper- 
ity did not materialize with the re- 
peal of the 18th Amendment. Unem- 
ployment was not abolished by the 
forty-hour week. Places on the re- 
lief rolls vacated by workers put to 
work on government projects are 
taken by other workers continually 
being displaced by the introduction 
of new machines. Due to increased 
living costs and inadequate wages, 
the workers* standard of living is 
sagging. All the problems are still 
here, but with gathered force be- 
cause of increasing economic pres- 
sure. This pressing condition among 
the workers, coupled with disap- 
pointment, has created a feeling of 
helplessness and of apathy tinged 
with despair. It is a natural reflex 
of the high expectations held out by 
the promises and activities of the 
administration with its almost total 
lack of anything substantial for the 
workers. The administration by 
providing relief has prevented a rev- 
olution; and, through increasing gov- 
ernmental spending, it has prevented 
the wholesale wiping out of the small 
bourgeoisie. The working class has 
nothing to gain by putting off the 
revolution, and certainly they have 
no interest in the fate of the small 
business element. What the work- 
ers are interested in is how to make 
and improve their living standards, 



29 



and how to safeguard their future. 
Not one of these pro-blems has 'been 
solved; there isn't the .slightest prob- 
ability of their ever being solved 
under capitalism. Workers are be- 
ginning to realize that. That speeds 
up the disillusionment process. But 
in total ignorance of what to do, and 
beset on every side by a maze of 
confusing ideas, the -bewildered 
worker's reaction to all this, for the 
moment, takes the form of apathy. 

''Yet, viewing that apathy as one 
might view tlie country gripped by 
• a severe winter with mountainous 
snow everywhere, and trudging 
through the snow one might short- 
sightedly cry out in despair that the 
snow will never go! It seems that 
way at the time. But as the season 
advances and the earth tilts toward 
the sun, there can be seen coming 
from underneath the blanket of snow 
little streams of flowing water. They 
are mute testimony as to what is 
happening to the snow 'bank. It is 
likewise with the working class. 
From underneath the blanket of 
working class apathj^, chilling as it 
is, can be seen streams of social dis- 
content. Some of these streams are 
as yet mere tricklings, but from 
them has come the increased at- 
tendance at our meetings. Because 
of these, as I have .said, our meet- 
ings on the whole were bigger and 
better. 

*'The great body of the working 
class may for the moment be steeped 
in apathy, 'but individuals among 
them rise superior to their surround- 
ings. Such individuals are aible to 
see ahead of the mass of the w^ork- 
ing class. They have more indepen- 
dence of character. They understand 
and grasp the .significance of things 
quicker. They see that their fate 



is bound up with that of the entire 
working class, and they are being 
profoundly stirred by conditions. 
These individuals are increasing in 
numbers; but, for all that, they arc 
still comparatively few in numbers. 
It is this type of worker that has 
been coming to our meetings during 
the past year. They account for the 
increase in attendance. That ex- 
plains the seemingly paradoxical 
situation of better attended meetings 
despite a iblanket of apathy dampen- 
ing the spirits of the working class. 
''There are excejDtions to every 
rule and there seem to be two ex- 
ceptions to the conditions of affairs 
just mentioned. In spite of the 
apathy, there is an increased and 
apparently successful activity of 
well financed and highly advertised 
capitalist reform groups such as the 
Townsend 'Old Age Pension Plan,' 
the Sinclair 'Production for Use/ 
etc., etc. Such groups in enlisting 
members, spreading their propagan- 
da, and in collecting funds, undoubt- 
edly made considerable headway in 
certain i3arts of the country during 
the past year. Such movements, 
however, must, if they are to remain 
in existence, quickly accomplish re- 
sults. Otherwise, they begin to de- 
teriorate. Their members are like 
youngsters setting off fireworks; the 
lighted firecracker to cause a thrill 
must explode with a racket, A mere 
sputtering won't do. iConfronted 
with a powerful capitalist class, the 
Townsendites and the rest of the re- 
formers are doomed to nothing but 
sputtering. They cannot obtain 
their objective; therefore, their ac- 
tivity can result only in failure. The 
capitalist class is too strongly en- 
trenched and, through its ownership 
of the nation's resources, it has the 



I 



power to check the reformers. They 
have, nevertheless, been active and, 
in raising issue-beclouding dust, 
\ery successful, 

"The other exception is that our 
Party undoubtedly reached a greater 
number of workers during the past 
year than in any other single year. 
Wc have used the radio more than 
vvcY before; and through leaflet dis- 
tribution and well advertised meet- 
ings, we have reached a considerably 
increased number of workers w^ith 
(tur revolutionary message. Speak- 
ing for myself I can say that 
I h rough the Eastern and Midwestern 
parts of the coun!;ry clear through 
to the agricultural sections, my 
meetings were better, and, certainly 
as a w^hole, bigger than in previous 
years. Despite this I saw much evi- 
(k'nce of, and was forcibly impressed 
with, the prevailing apathy engulf- 
ing the workers, 

'Tn every Presidential campaign 
year the workers are more interested 
in political questions than at any 
oilier time. That, of course, is due 
to tlie fact that the air is electric 
with discussions of interesting and 
i»urning questions. We can, there- 
fore, expect that in the campaign 
just aliead of us the apathy will be 
dispelled. In the heat of political 
and social discussions it will scatter 
and disappear like .smoke before a 
gale. We may confidently look for- 
ward to the Party's reaching and 
impressing with its message a great- 
er number of workers than in any 
previous ten-year period. Fortunate- 
ly, we have a clear program with 
which to attract the slowly awaken- 
ing workers and an organization dis- 
ciplined and trained to meet the 
tremendous demands to be placed 
upon it. 



30 



"There is another outstanding fea- 
ture of our work that I wish to men- 
tion, and by which I was also much 
impressed during the year. That is 
the apparent impressiveness of our 
program on the workers listening to 
it. I am satisfied that at the lowest 
possible estimate, 50 per cent of 
those at our meetings for the first 
time unqualifiedly accept the cor- 
rectness of our message; and the 
more they learn of it, the more con- 
vinced they are that it is right. I 
feel certain that in every audience 
such is the case; that there are at 
least that number convinced, who, at 
the conclusion of the meeting, think 
the Party's solution as sound as a 
tested steel rail. They are sure, too, 
that some time Socialism will be 
brought about. But, there is the 
rub ! They do not think it can be re- 
alized for a long time to come — 
perhaps twenty-five or more years. 
'You can never bring that about; it 
would be wonderful if you could; 
but you can't get the workers to 
stick together.' Again and again I 
have been told that. What a pleasant 
surprise these folks are destined to 
have thrust upon them! — and sooner 
tlian most of them think possible. 
That attitude may seem discourag- 
ing; it isn't. It would be, of course,' 
so far as bringing into existence a 
new social regime is concerned, if 
the working class could get what it 
wants under capitalism. But it can- 
not ; so its dissatisfaction is not only 
great and increasing, but turning to 
disillusionment. And once that dis- 
illusionment has shown the workers 
their position under capitalism and 
the utter impo,ssibility of improving 
it, it will be easy enough then to get 
them to 'stick together.' Happily, 
those attending our meetings do 
31 



grasp the value of our solution, and 
they appreciate its correctness be- 
cause the S.L.P. program is a reflec- 
tion of and fits economic conditions 
as accurately as a shaft fits the bear- 
ings of the machine it was designed 
for. With working class under- 
standing at last catching up with 
economic development, the logic of 
events will demonstrate with star- 
tling clarity the possibility of imme- 
diate organization for social revolu- 
tion. Leading to that eventuality is 
the complete disillusionment of the 
workers. Time and work, much 
more hard work^ by the Party, with 
w^hich to reach with our principles 
and tactics the victims of exploita- 
tion, are alone needed. A sufficiently 
increased economic pressure will 
stir the workers in a revolutionary di- 
rection like a scent setting off blood- 
hounds. Then the ideas and attitude 
of those agreeing as to the value of 
our program, but who think its at- 
tainment a long way off, will dis- 
solve in the swiftly gathering tide of 
change. They will learn to their 
amazement that our proposal is pos- 
sible of immediate realization. They 
w^ill then flock to its support. As 
the high temperature of a Turkish 
bath starts the perspiration oozing 
from the pores, so will the increas- 
ing economic pressure cause the 
workers to sweat. Disintegrating 
capitalism will abundantly supply 
the high temperature of economic 
pressure. The Socialist Labor Par- 
ty will provide the working class 
with the knowledge of what to do to 
win its emancipation. The outgrowth 
of the combination of stifling eco- 
nomic pressure and De Leonist 
teaching will be a militant revolu- 
tionary working class that will or- 
ganize and establish the Industrial 

32 



Republic of Labor. 

'Tt has been a great year for the 
Socialist Labor Party; there is a 
greater one ahead! 

^'Fraternally yours, 
(Signed) "John P. Quinn." 

And from Comrade Hass the fol- 
lowing report w^as received: 

''Spokane, Washingtou, 
"March 19, 1936. 
"Mr, Arnold Petersen, 
"Box 1076, City Hall Station, 
"New York City, N.Y. 

"Re: Activity/ for jmst year. 
"Dear Comrade Petersen: 

"All but two and a half months 
of the year, beginning May 1, 1935, 
and ending May 1, 1936, were spent 
in California where our energies 
were divided between internal dis- 
turbances and a vigorous agitational 
program. In Los Angeles we con- 
centrated on a radio program and 
one hall lecture per week. The 
neighborhood lectures were expen- 
sive failures, but the audience at 
Sons of Herman Hall grew week by 
week. Meanwhile study classes in 
Hawthorne and Los Angeles were 
proceeding nicely. We organized a 
special class for the study of 'Capi- 
ta? and two classes for the study of 
parliamentary law. After delivering 
twenty-one of the fifty-two broad- 
casts, we were informed by the sta- 
tion that our program was no longer 
acceptable. The general enthusiasm 
aroused by radio activity had made 
the collection of funds much easier 
than we had anticipated and we had 
a surplus of $2i50 which was turned 
over to the National Radio Fund. 
When we went off the air the at- 
tendance at Sons of Herman Hall, 



I 



which had been built from about 
sixty to one hundred and thirty, 
I ape red off^ but held up to an aver- 
age of about eighty-five. 

"In the Bay Area we continued to 
reap from the sowing done via the 
radio last year. The study classes in 
l*ittsburg and Vallejo still meet reg- 
ularly and sooner or later will crys- 
tallize in two new Sections. Ten 
months after the series of radio 
talks was completed a study class 
was formed in Santa Rosa. 

"The last two and half months 
of the year were spent in the North- 
west and en route to New York. For 
llie mo.st part the Sections made 
complete preparations for our visit. 
Tacoma and the members-at-large in 
Vancouver, B.C., did particularly 
well in this respect. In Tacoma, for 
example, a half hour radio talk was 
scheduled for Thursday evening. 
'I' his was well advertised, paid ad- 
vertisements being placed on the ra- 
dio page of the daily papers. Fri- 
day evening we had a hall lecture 
with about a hundred in attendance. 
On Saturday evening we delivered a 
fifteen minute address on a radio 
'forum,' after which we had an or- 
ganization meeting for the delivery 
of my talk on 'Sentiment in the S. 
r..P.' On Sunday we had another 
hall lecture. Thus the four evenings 
were replete with activity. 

"For the past year I have stressed 
the need for an understanding of 
parliamentary law. I have found 
our members woefully lacking in this 
respect, with a few outstanding ex- 
ceptions. It seems that when the 
Sections are small the idea prevails 
that they can be run as 'family af- 
fairs.' Perhaps they can, but they 
are paving the way to disaster, for 
when they do grow, bedlam will en- 



sue. Hours are spent on trifling 
questions that should be disposed of 
in a few minutes. I regard an un- 
derstanding of correct parliamen- 
tary procedure, and the ability to 
consult Robert's Rules of Order for. 
rulings rapidly, as a necessary attrib- 
ute of a revolutionist. Not only for 
the conduct of our own meetings is 
this necessary, but if we are to be 
prepared to take an intelligent and 
aggressive jaart in tlie organization 
of unions we must be able to con- 
found the parliamentary trickster. 
Therefore, I believe, every Section 
should organize a class in parlia- 
mentary law following a special 
course or the one outlined in the 
back of the Revised Edition of Rob- 
ert's Rules of Order. Each member 
should consider it his imperious duty 
to attend, and soon the results will 
manifest themselves in shorter, ef- 
ficient Section meetings that are a 
joy to attend. 

'*W^ith reference to radio broad- 
casting I am convinced that a series 
of from thirteen to fifty- two talks 
is far better than hit-or-miss broad- 
casts. With the series we are able 
to build up an audience^ secure the 
respect of our listeners and expose 
,so many facets of our movement 
that we are frequently able to con- 
vince them of the correctness of our 
program. Hit-or-miss broadcasts are 
worth while only when they are 
thoroughly advertised. These should 
be thirty minutes in length if that 
is possible, whereas fifteen minutes 
seems to be a good period for a se- 
ries of talks. 

"The point has already been made 
that evening hours are far superior 
to those in the afternoon, with the 
possible exception of Sunday after- 
noon. To purchase time during the 
33 






morning I regard as a waste of by State Committees: Michigan SAL 

imoney. C.: James Sim; Pennsylvania SAL 

''So far as the West is concerned, C.: J. A. Pirincin; New York S.K. 

I hope that sooner or later we will C.: F. Bianco, A. M. Orange and K. 

be able to have a series of broad- F. Teichert; Connecticut S.E.C: J. 

casts over KNX, the 'voice of Holly- €, Borden Jr, and H. Simon; New 

wood.' Tlus station, which operates Jersey S.E.C.: Geo. Bopp. 

with a power of 50,000 watts, has a The Lecture Circuits conducted 

vast audience throughout the West, by Comrade Eeynolds under the di- 

The price for time is relatively high, rection of the National Office were 

but wlien the size of the audience is successful in point of sales of litera- 

taken into consideration I believe it tare, though not in point of per- 

to be the cheapest radio service manent subscriptions secured, which, 

available. ^^^er ail, was the primary reason 

,,T^ . .1 1 ^„. ^r .1,^ ^^^ for these circuits. True enough, a 
Durmg the heat ot ttie cam- • ^^ u 

J? n; . .^^ , -n ^^ ejreat many sub. tickets were .sold, 

paign, prices tor radio time will go & ^J^ • 



up and it behooves us to make our 



but very few were retained as regu- 



1 1 ^-^^ ^^,.f^«..fo ar^A fuVp lar subscribers. There was a total 

plans early, sign contracts ana take ^. . , . , 

J a. ' r 4^1 1^ «oi- ^^i^,^^ of nine Lecture Circuits which pro- 
advantage of the lowest prices. ^ 



l...|u,MS- $1,031; literature sales: the snow-blocked roads. 

• and .subscriptions secured: At the moment of preparing this 

■:. Adding these figures to the -port. Comrade Reynolds .s^^^ 

.....ure Circuit totals gives us the lahoma for ^1- P-P^^^ P/^.^^ ^ 

l.llowiug total results (cents omit- resting up, and partly to try to 

L ): gr^oss collections: $8,604; net make a living wh^ ^"i^the Sol^ 

..1 cctions: $2,865; literature .sales: to remain m ^^f^^-^^;^^ .^^^^^^ 

^ko r>86' subscriptions: $3,061 ; or a west, for an indefinite period ot time. 

t^%::^LL of approximately While in Oklahoma, C^^^^^^^^^^^ ^ 

1.K>50 Deducting the subscription nolds has plunged righ into Party 

;:;. (the amounts of which were activities, continuing these hough 

;.:; handtd by Comrade Reynolds), no longer in the form^al employ of 



*Tor the members in California 



duced the following financial re- 



, , ,1 4- • „ suits: (cents omitted) gross collec- 

the last year has been a trying one. ^ ^ ^ . 

., ' p 11 u 4-1 1 c irh^rr tions: $2,180; net collections: *1,- 

In spite of all the setbacks they ^^^ ,,T ' ^ • ^ u i oi 

^ , .. T 8i34 (difference retained by local 

have never once become dLSCouraged. 



Indeed, the tragic experience of dis- 



(di 

organizations); literature sales: $1,~ 

, , ., . la- 4- T 5:25; resulting in a net income ot 

ruption had its seasoning eltect. l.es- ' ta • i-i • ^ p 

^ , T ..T . .11 u $3,360. Uurmg the same period ot 

sons were learned that will never be ^. ^ ., . . „ .. ^, .. . ^ 

forgotten. When internal disruption 

^ . , ., 4.1 • 1 1 1933, to June 19, 1935, and 
was at its peak, it was this loyal ,^^ ^^ ^^^ /„;„^^ 

membership who carried on sue 



time, that is, from November 24, 

cover- 
ing the same number (nine) of cir- 

^ ,, , ^^. ^, . .. cuits, the local organizations se- 

cessfully, combatting the systematic . , j .r, . i , ,,,,t 

'■' , f. ^ * ^^j. cured m advance three months snb- 

boycottmg by the disrupters. When / i i ffT;r.r. fli^ 

^ -^ T / 4_i 1 1 .scriptions (each sub. entitling the 

traitors were unmasked the loyal \ ^ j • • ^- 4-i ^ t ^.. 

' , , , 4 4_i purchaser to admission to the Lec- 

membership drew closer together, ^ o • x 4. ^i ^f ^4^ 4iQ n-^f^ 

^ , . , , . ,.^14. ture Series) to the amount ot ^3,0rf5, 

stronger m t .e>r determmation that ^ ^ .^^^^^ ^^^ ^,^^ ^.^^ 

Capitalism Must Be Destroyed. ^.^^^.» ^^ approximately $6,750 

'Traternally yours, (cents omitted). 
(Signed) ''Erie Hass." In addition to the Lecture Cir 

cuits, Comrade Reynolds made six 

different tours, one in advance of 

The special points noted by Com- Lecture Circuit No. 1, and the 

rade Hass will be dealt with under others in between the circuits, and 

their respective heads, viz., Study two following the conclusion of Lee- 

Classes, Radio, Internal Disturb- ture Circuit No. 9. These addition- 

ances, etc. al tours produced the following fi- 

In addition to tlie above-mentioned nancial results (cents omitted) 

comrades the following were toured gross collections: $1,423; net col- 

34 



the National Office. Together with 
the Oklahoma comrades, he is now 
working to get the necessary .signa- 
tures for the Party to get on the bal- 
lot in the State of Oklahoma, and in 
order, if possible, to build up Sec- 
tions and a state organization that 
will be able to carry on Party activi- 
ties throughout the state, and to 

nparativdy short period of time, for the South and the Southwest If 

r e St tLr just concluded by Comrade Reynolds remams m Okla- 

roade Reynolds, which started homa for a sufficient ength of U^^^^ 

^^^ i^ we have every reason to believe that 

,:.eh 2, 19^6, produced the fol- we shall have ^^^^^^^^^^^ 

lowing financial results (cents omit- organizations in Oklahoma and 

,.a): collections: $401; literature neighboring territory. 
Ics: $273; subscriptions sold: $15. 



we and that Comrade Reynolds him- 
srlf was directly instrumental in 
piMxlucing a gross income of some- 
uliat less than $6,200 from October 
11, 1933, to March 2, 1936, with 
scNcral months during this period 
lor rest, and for tours arranged by 
I In- New York and Pennsylvania 
SI ale Executive Committees. This is 



Tins last tour of Comrade Reynolds 

was undertaken under the most ad- 

M'l'se conditions imaginable, with 

particular reference to the severe 

winter weather which prevailed al- 
most during the entire period. In 

some cases Comrade Reynolds was 

snowbound for varying lengths of 

lime, in one particular instance be- 
ing snowbound in Illinois for almost 
a/'week. Notwithstanding this fact. 
Comrade Reynolds missed very few 
cities and when on the few occasions 
he did fail to make a certain city on 
llie day that a lecture was scheduled, 

it was'because it was physically and „._ , ^ , v 

humanly impossible to get through word 'T>arty m the first Ime 

35 



Constitutional Amendments. 

Oar experience during the past 
four years, and particularly during 
the past year, with special reference 
to the California disruption, has 
convinced us that the Party's consti- 
tution is seriously in need of amplifi- 
cation, and, to some extent, revi- 
sion. In the following a number of 
such amplifications and revisions are 
proposed, some of them being minor 
ones, others of considerable impor- 
tance. 



Article 1, Sect. 
"Socialist Labor" 



1 : Insert words 
preceding the 



Comment: The reason for this am- 
plification should be clear. The very 
first article should identify our Par- 
ty by its full designation. 

Article II, Sect. 1: First, it is 
proposed that the section',s sub-sec- 
tions be designated a, h, c, d, etc It 
is also proposed that following the 
word "Section*' in the second line 
tlie words "of the Socialist Labor 
Party" be added. Secondly, it is 
propo,scd to take out the paragraph 
now designated "a/' and substitute 
it with the following to be desig- 
nated "c*': 

"c. All applications to form a 
Section shall be submitted to the 
National Executive Committee 
through the State Executive Com- 
mittee, which shall make the neces- 
sary recommendation to the Nation- 
al Executive Committee, but shall 
have no power to reject applications. 
Suitable charter application forms 
shall be supplied by the National 
Executive Committee. Each indivi- 
dual shall be required to sign the . 
charter application, and shall also 
be required to sign the individual ap- 
plication blank, giving full name and 
address, age, occupation, previous 
political affiliation (if any), etc. 
Where no State Executive Commit- 
tee exists, -applications shall be for- 
warded direct to the National Exec- 
utive Committee/' 

In the next paragraph (old desig- 
nation "b," new *'d") the words 
"through its organizer** to be added 
after the word "Section** in the first 
line; and the words "as soon as pos- 
sible after the close of each calendar 
year** to be added after "State 
Executive Committees*' in the second 
line. To the present last paragraph 
(new "d") last but next line the 



w-ords "as of* should be inserted to 
precede immediately the words "De- 
cember 31st of each year/* eliminat- 
ing the word "on." 

Comment: The new paragraph 
"c" is proposed because there is not 
now any detailed reference as to 
how a new Section shall be organ- 
ized. The proposed clause follows 
the general practice, except that it 
specifically inhibits a State Commit- 
tee from refusing to grant a charter 
application. There is nothing now 
in the constitution w^hich specifically 
confers such a power on the State 
Committee, but to avoid future sense- 
less appeals a la California S.E.C., 
the provision should be specific with 
respect to leaving it entirely up to 
the N.E.C. as to whether a charter 
should be granted or not. 

The other changes are nominal, 
and self-explanatory. 

It is proposed to add another 
paragraph (to be known as Article 
II, Sect. 1, e.) as follows: 

"e. If a Section momentarily 
falls below the required membership 
minimum it may, at the discretion of 
the National Executive Committee, 
continue to function as a Section 
pending its being brought up to the 
minimum membership requirements.*' 

Comment: This provision is sim- 
ilar to the one now dealing with 
States where momentarily less than 
the three Sections, required to main- 
tain a State Executive Committee, 
may exist. It is felt that the same 
principle should be applied to a Sec- 
tion which momentarily falls below 
the required minimum in point of 
membership. 

Article II, Sect. 4. Strike out the 
words "as it deems proper,*' third 



i^ 



36 



1 1 111', and substitute the following: 

"and committees as are needed to 
rnrvy on the Party*s business in 
Krcping with other provisions of this 
* oiislitution, and decisions of the 
Niitional Executive Committee." 

In the same paragraph, sixth line 
fnnii top, the following to be 
•.tri(kcn out: "and shall .send an of- 
(Icial report to each of the said corn- 
mil Ices on December 31st of each 

In the same paragraph, eighth 
line from top, the word "Section" to 
If substituted for the word "organ- 
i/.ir," and at the end of the present 
p.'u-agraph (following the words 
"tlic local organization and agita- 
Ihmi") the following to be added: 

", subject at all times to the deci- 
Nioiis of the membership, arrived at 
Uy majority vote (unless otherwise 
provided), at Section meetings.** 

Comment: These proposed changes 
nrr. of a purely nominal character 
nnd hardly require further comment. 

Article II, Sect. 5, Add new 
clniise, to be known as paragraph 
"a,'* to precede the beginning of the 
clause, as follows: 

"a. All applications for member- 
ship must be submitted to a regular 
business meeting of the Section 
having jurisdiction over the territory 
in which the applicant resides. The 
applicant shall be required to fill 
ouL the regular application form, and 
also to answer all the questions in 
I he affirmative. The application 
must be endorsed by a member in 
good standing. The application 
shall be referred to a membership 
committee composed of three mem- 
bers. It shall be the duty of this 
committee to interview the applicant 
with respect to his knowledge, un- 



derstanding, and complete accept- 
ance, without reservations, of the 
Party's j^i'inciples, policies and dis- 
cipline. The committee shall be re- 
quired to report to the next regular 
business meeting of the Section, un- 
• less its investigation convinces it 
that it is necessary to delay its final 
report until a subsequent meeting, 
in which case it shall so report to the 
next business meeting, explaining 
briefly the reasons for the delay. 
The report of the committee shall be 
considered while the Section is in 
executive session.*' 

Comment : There is not now in the 
constitution any reference whatever 
to the important question of admit- 
ting new members to the Party, and 
consequently no provision dealing 
with the manner in which members 
.should be admitted. In many Sec- 
tions applicants for membership are 
turned over to a Membership Com- 
mittee which interviews prospective 
members in order to ascertain the 
fitness and qualifications for mem- 
bership of the applicants. There is, 
however, nothing mandatory about 
this in our present constitution. The 
amendment proposed is designed to 
meet this deficiency and at the same 
time to make it obligatory on Sec- 
tions to have standing Membership 
Committees. The reason for having 
the Membership Committee's report 
discussed at an executive session of 
the Section is, of course, to enable 
members to speak freely about the 
applicant — ^^something which would 
be rather difficult if the prospective 
member were present, or if outsiders 
in general were at the meeting where 
the question of admitting a new 
member was being discussed. 



Article II, Sect. 5. Redesignate 



37 



present clause **b/' 

Article II, Sect. 5. Add the fol- 
lowing clause to be known as *'c": 

*'c. No person under eighteen 
years of age shall be admitted to 
membership/* 

Comment: We have now no pro- 
vision with respect to the minimum 
age at which a person may be ad- 
mitted to the Party. It is felt that 
in most cases anyone below eighteen 
years of age Is scarcely mature 
enough for the responsibilities that 
go with membership in the revolu- 
tionary Socialist Labor Party, even 
though such persons may posseas a 
fair understanding of the Party*s 
principles and program. It has been 
considered desirable to have a def- 
inite age limit fixed in the constitu- 
tion, for the reason that every now 
and then the question comes up and 
decisions by the National Office 
have, in the nature of things^ been 
more or less arbitrary. 

Article II, Sect. 5. New clause 
to be known as "d": 

: "d. No applicant shall be admit- 
ted to membership without the pre- 
siding officer explaining the signifi- 
cance of the class struggle to him, 
and his pledging himself in writing 
to its recognition and support. A 
copy of the constitution and plat- 
form shall be handed to every new 
member," 

Comment: This clause now in- 
cluded under Article XII. ''Miscel- 
laneous" as Section 3, where it does 
not belong. It is believed that all 
of these clauses under "Miscella- 
neous" should be put under the Ar- 
ticles to which they directly relate. 

Article 11^, Sect. 5. New clause 
to be known as "e": 



'*e. A member in good standing 
of one Section shall have the right 
to attend and speak at any meeting 
of another Section or branch of a 
Section, but shall not be allowed to 
vote.'* 

Comment: This clause was origi- 
nally in Article XII. ''Miscellaneous" 
as Section 4. It belongs where it is 
now proposed to place it for the 
same reasons as stated above. 

Article II, Sect, 6, To be ampli- 
fied as follows: add the following 
after the words "their own mem- 
bers," first line, present clause: 

"except in the cases of members 
who are national officers and nation- 
al organizers^ who shall be dealt 
with as provided under Article V, 
iSection 6; Article VII, Sections 3 
and 4; Article VIII, Section 5, and 
Article XI, Section 5." 

Comment: This change is similar 
to others proposed, and it is pro- 
posed for the same reasons. 

Article II, Sect. 7. It is proposed 
to strike out the words "its deci- 
sion," eighth line from the top, for 
the reason that these are superfluous 
and to some extent misleading. 

Article II;, Sect. 8. With new 
matters to be added to this section 
it is proposed to subdivide it into 
clauses to be designated "a," "b," 
'^c," etc. Section "a" as amended 
will then read: 

"a. All charges must be made in 
writing, signed by the individual 
member preferring same, and must 
be submitted first to the Section 
licvmng jurisdiction over the member 
in question. The charges must state 
briefly the nature of the offence at- 



I 



li'(jcd, hut they may contain no argu- 
iitcnts nor statements thnt properly 
in(ty he construed as discU'Ssion of 
lite charges. They shall he accom- 
panied with speciftcations which , 
howeiyer, shall not he read he fore the 
Section meeting at the time, the 
t liarges are filed. Charges shall not 
he debated until the Grie'Dance Com- 
ill it tee has thoroughly investigated 
them and reported to the Section. 
'I'lic Grievance Committee shall de- 
liver a copy of the charges and 
.specifications to the accused and 
shall proceed to investigate the case 
vvilliout unreasonable delay, hearing 
Hie witnesses of both sides. Testi- 
mony by non-members shall not be 
permitted. A detailed report of the 
investigation and the findings with 
I he recommendations of the comrait- 
ii'c shall be submitted to one of the 
next business meetings of the Sec- 
lion. The findings and recommen- 
(la lions to be voted on separately. 
'Hie accused party shall be notified 
ill due time by the secretary of the 
committee to appear at such meet- 
ing." 

Comment: It is proposed to strike 
(/ut the following words: "and then 
referred to the Grievance Commit- 
|rc. Charges against members shall 
not be debated until the Grievance 
Cttmmittee has thoroughly investi- 
gated them and reported to the Sec- 
lion," these to be substituted for the 
underscored part included in the 
nhove. Invariably requests are re- 
ceived at the National Office for in- 
formation pertaining to the manner 
ill which charges ought to be intro- 
duced, considerable confusion having 
prevailed in the past, not only with 
respect to the manner of drafting 
charges, but also as to what they 
nni»-ht contain and whether or not 



specifications, accompanying the 
charges, should be read at the Sec- 
tion meeting at the time the charges 
are introduced, or at the Grievance 
Committee session, or at the Section 
meeting at which the Grievance' 
Committee makes its report. It is be- 
lieved that the proposed changes will 
make these matters clear and save 
time by the National Office. The 
ruling now prevails that none but 
Party members may be permitted to 
testify in Party trials, but this 
should be part of the constitution to 
eliminate doubt and to save time. 

Article II, Section 8, new clause 
to be known as "b": 

"b. After the Grievance Commit- 
tee has rendered its report with its 
findiings and recommendations the 
accused shall he permitted to make 
a statement in his or her defense not 
to exceed fifteen minutes. The ac- 
cused shall then be required to leave 
the room, whereupon the Section 
shall decide the matter in executive 
session, its decision to be entered on 
the minutes. The minutes and all 
papers concerning the investigation 
shall be delivered to the organizer, 
who thereupon shall forward them 
to the National Office where they 
shall be kept in a special file. The 
organizer shall inform the accused 
in writing of such decision." 

Comment: The underscored part 
constitutes new matter. Here, again^ 
we are merely proposing to put into 
the constitution what is now the 
general practice and the results of 
rulings of the N.E.iC. or the N.E.iC. 
Sub-Committee in the past, or which 
is now already provided in "Rob- 
ert's Rules of Order." 



Article II, Sect. 8: New clauses 



38 



39 



to be known as "c" and "d": 

**c. Any member under charges 
who is cited to appear before the 
Grievance Committee^ and who 
either refuses to appear for trials or 
fails to do .so for reasons not made 
known^ or not deemed valid, shall be 
declared guilty in default^ and shall 
be expelled forthwith from the or- 
ganization. For the same reasons 
such a member shall have forfeited 
his right to appeal the decision of 
the Section." 

"d. All suspensions and expul- 
sions shall be published in the of- 
iicial organ of the Party^ unless the 
National Executive Committee finds 
it contrary to the best interests of 
the Party to do ,so.*' 

Comment: With regard to clause 
"c/' this is in keeping with present 
procedure and in accordance with 
"Robert's Rules of Order." Clause 
"d" is proposed for the reason that 
at present it is made mandatory 
upon the National Organization to 
publish all suspensions and expul- 
sions in the WEEKLY PEOPLE 
regardless of circumstances which 
might render it contrary to the best 
interests of the Party to do so. This 
proposed amendment links up with 
what might be called the beginning 
of the disruption in California and 
is dealt with in detail under the 
proper head. While we believe that 
in all ordinary circumstances expul- 
sions and suspensions should be pub- 
lished in the official organ of the 
Party (unless a counter proposal 
might be made that all subdivisions 
be notified in a circular letter of all 
expulsions and suspensions)^ we are 
also convinced that there are circum- 
stances (as in the California case 
just referred to) where it is not de- 
sirable. 



Article II;, Sect, 8^ clause ''e": 
"e. No person shall participate 
in hearing or deciding an appeal who 
is a party to the proceedings/* 

Comment: This clause formerly 
was included in Article XII^ Sect. 5, 
It belongs where it is proposed to 
place it now. 

Article II^, Sect. 9: It is proposed 
to strike out the following from the 
clause as it now reads: "Secretary 
or Editor who shall continue to func- 
tion in their respective capacitie^s un- 
til dealt with in accordance with 
Article V'll, Section 3, and Article 
X, Section 3." And it is further 
proposed to substitute the follow- 
ing: 

''officer^, national organizer^ and 
national and state conventions dele- 
gates, who shall be dealt with in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of this 
constitution." 

Comment: This change is pro- 
posed in order to conform to the 
present practice^ and to conform 
with other changes proposed under 
the heads indicated by the new mat- 
ter to be added. 

Article II, Sect. 10: It is pro- 
posed to designate the present clause 
as "a/' but otherwise unchanged. It 
is then proposed to add the follow- 
ing to be known as clause "b'*: 

"b. Suspended members shall be 
required to pay dues (or request ex- 
emption stamps if sick or unem- 
ployed) during the period of their 
suspension, and shall in all other re- 
spects remain under the complete 
jurisdiction of their respective Sec- 
tions. If at any time during the pe- 
riod of suspension there is evidence 
of such suspended member having 
committed breaches of Party prin- 



ciples or discipline, charges may 
tlien be filed against said suspended 
member, and if in the judgment of 
llie Section the facts warrant it, such 
suspended member may be summari- 
ly expelled, without awaiting expira- 
tion of original term of suspension.'' 
Comment: There is no provision 
now in the constitution concerning 
this question and considerable doubt 
and confusion have prevailed in the 
|)ast, although the N.E.C. Sub- Com- 
mittee has invariably ruled along the 
lines of the proposed new clause. 
The South Slavonian Federation re- 
(H^ntly called attention to the anom- 
aly of permitting a suspended mem- 
ber to serve out his period of suspen- 
sion even after it had become evi- 
dent that he should be expelled with- 
out further delay. 

Article II, Sect. 10: New clause 
"c : 

"c. A suspended member, upon 
expiration of term of suspension, 
shall be required to present himself 
a I the Section business meeting next 
lollowing date of expiration of sus- 
pension period, and shall thereupon 
he automatically reinstated, the fact 
of reinstatement to be recorded in 
I he minutes of the session at which 
lie is reinstated. If he fails thus to 
present himself, he shall be notified 
immediately by registered mail, and 
if he fails to present himself at a 
regular Section meeting within one 
month after date of notification 
( barring illness or other causes be- 
yond his control) he .shall then be 
dropped from the rolls without 
further action, provided there are 
uo charges pending, or to be filed 
against him. In the event of such 
elijirgcs these shall be handled in ac- 
i'orilance with Article II, Sect. 8, of 



this constitution." 

Comment: At the present time 
there is nothing in the constitution 
governing this point and here, too, 
there have been confusion and doubt 
with the resultant waste of time and 



40 



Article II, Sect. 11: We now come 
to one of the most important pro- 
posed amendments. Section 11 as it 
now reads, and with supporting ad- 
ditional sections and clauses in the 
constitution, provides for appeals to 
State Executive Committees and to 
State membership. This in our 
opinion has been one of the most 
fruitful causes of increased or multi- 
plied troubles in the past, with par- 
ticular reference to the California 
disruption. If the changes that we 
are now proposing had been in ef- 
fect when the trouble in California 
began, the State Executive Commit- 
tee would never have become in- 
volved, and the difficulty would have 
been practically localized and con- 
fined to the southern Sections. Ac- 
cordingly, it is proposed to strike 
out all of Section 11 following the 
word 'Svithin" now in the third line 
of the present section, and to sub- 
stitute the part stricken out with the 
following : 

"one month to the National Exec- 
utive Committee whose decisions 
shall be final." 

Comment: Under the revised Sec- 
tion 11 an individual member expel- 
led by a Section would have to file 
his appeal within one month from 
the time of expulsion to the Nation- 
al Executive Committee. Under our 
present constitution Sections are un- 
der the direct jurisdiction of the 
National Organization in so far as 
disciplining .such a Section is con- 
41 



cerned. It is logical, therefore, that 
all matters concerning discipline, etc., 
be confined to the Section adminis- 
tering discipline, and the National 
Organization which has direct juris- 
diction over the disciplining Section. 
It might be argued that the pro- 
posed change will load an enormous 
amount of work on the National Of- 
fice. The answer to that is that 
whenever trouble arises in a Section 
extra work is loaded on the National 
Office in any case. All the papers 
in these cases are now forwarded to 
the National Office, and in all cases 
of importance it is necessary for the 
National Secretary and the N.E.C. 
Sub-Committee to acquaint them- 
selves with the details anyway. 
Rather than adding extra work to 
the National Organization, the pro- 
posed change will actually minimize 
work for the reason that having only 
the Section to deal with (with the 
State Exticutive Committee and the 
members in the State eliminated as 
factors in the charges), there will 
be less correspondence, less confu- 
sion and, above all, less occasion for 
friction or disruption in the State as 
a whole. We repeat, with the pres- 
ent clause opportunities for disrup- 
tion in a State as a whole, will be 
considerably lessened, though it is by 
no means argued that the new clause 
will entirely eliminate such difficul- 
ties. We strongly urge that this 
proposed change be concurred in. If 
the present provisions remain un- 
changed, it is a foregone conclusion 
that we will have, sooner or later, a 
repetition of the California trouble. 

Article II, Sect. 12: It is pro- 
posed to strike out the part of this 
section which follows the words, in 
the third and fourth lines, "unless 



properly reinstated," and to the end 
of that paragraph. 

Comment: This change is pro- 
posed in order to conform with the 
proposed new metliod of handling 
appeals, as dealt with in the fore- 
going. 

Article II, new Sect. 13: It is 
proposed to divide present Section 
12 into two sections and to eliminate 
from present Section 12 the two 
paragraphs beginning, ''An expelled 
member may be readmitted," and 
ending with "in the case of expelled 
members-at-large applying for read- 
mission," and to substitute the fol- 
lowing, this, then to become Section 
13: 

"Sect. 13. Anyone expelled from 
the Socialist Labor Part}^ may be re- 
admitted upon application properly 
made to the Section which expelled 
him or her. A majority vote of the 
members present at a Section meet- 
ing shall be required to decide the 
question, but if an objection is raised 
a two-thirds majority shall then be 
required. If and w'hen the necessary 
approval of the expelling Section has 
been secured, the application shall 
then be .submitted to the National 
Executive Committee, whose decision 
shall be final." 

Comment: This is to conform with 
the proposed new clauses to govern 
procedure in cases of appeal. 

Present Article II, Sect. 13, will 
then become Section 14. It is pro- 
po,sed to add to this section the fol- 
lowing (to follow immediately after 
the words *'so recorded in the min- 
utes") : 

"Until the name of such member 
has been, by formal action of the 
Section, stricken from the member- 




42 



I 



ship roll, he or she shall be consid- 
ered to be under the disciplinary 
('ontrol of the Section." 

Comiment: Tills is a question 
which also frequently has been sub- 
mitted to the National Office for a 
ruling or opinion. It is felt that the 
prevailing practice should be em- 
bodied in the constitution in order to 
eliminate doubt. 

Article II, present Sections 14, 
15, to be renumbered Sections 15 
and 16, in conformity with changes 
if I preceding sections. 

Article II, new Sect. 17. a. 

"Sect, 17, a. Only those who 
have been members in good standing 
a I least a year shall be eligible to 
hold office within the Section, or on 
.'I State Committee, except in the case 
of a new Section, and except, fur- 
llier, by specific approval of the Na- 

I ional Executive Committee. At 
hast two years' membership .shall be 
r('((uired to qualify a member to 
hold any national office in the Par- 

Comment: It is felt that this pro- 
\ is ion sliould be added to our consti- 
liifion in order to make certain that 
llioroughly qualified and trained 
comrades be entrusted with impor- 
I.Miit offices within the Section. As 

I I is now, a member may be admitted 
loday, and possibly be elected or- 
ganizer tomorrow. The two years 
)>i'(j vision with respect to hold- 
ing national office (by which is 
meant National Secretary, National 
l\ditor, N.E.C. Member, or National 
i'onvention iDelegate) is deemed to 
111' the minimum of time of member- 
ship to qualify a member for holding 
important offices, if, indeed, .such a 
member in any case is qualified. 



Article II, Sect. 17. b.: 

"Sect. 17. b. No person who has 
not been a member for at least one 
year, and who has not identified him- 
self with the Party by active par- 
ticipation in its work, .shall be nom- 
inated as a candidate for any public 
office, except in the case of a new 
Section and only with the specific 
approval of the State Executive 
Committee or, in the absence of such, 
of the National Executive Commit- 
tee." 

Comment: This clause is now 
found under Article XII, Sect. 6. It 
belongs where it is now propo,sed to 
place it. 

Article II, present Section 16 to 
be renumbered Section 18. 

Article II, new Section 19: 
"Sect. 19. All officers and com- 
mittees of a Section, or of state and 
local organizations, shall be subject 
to removal at the will of their con- 
.stituents." 

Comment: Under the present con- 
stitution it is provided that organiz- 
ers and other officers of a Section 
should be removed after the Griev- 
ance Committee has investigated the 
charges against him as an officer. It 
is felt that this is an erroneous pro- 
cedure since Grievance Committees, 
strictly speaking, should not be re- 
quired to handle anything but 
charges against individual members. 
There appears to be no good reason 
whatever for referring to any com- 
mittee the question of removing an 
organizer, financial secretary, or 
other minor officer of a Section, 
since the Section as a body at all 
times is fully competent to deal with 
such questions when, as, and if they 
arise. 



43 



Article II, present Sections 17, the proposed change affecting mem- 
18, 19, to be renumbered Sections bers-at-large in States where we 
20, 2I3 2i2. have State Committees. 



Article II, present Sections 20 and 
21 to be transferred to Article IX;, 
Sections 1 and 2. 

Comment: It is proposed to add a 
new section dealing with members- 
at-large which we will come to later. 

Article II, present Section 22, to 
be stricken out and the following to 
be substituted, to become known as 
Article II, Sect. 23: 

*'Sect. 23. It shall be the duty 
of a Part}^ member to support the 
Party publications by donations and 
securing of .subscriptions to the best 
of his or her ability, but no member, 
committee, or Section of the Party 
shall support any other political 
pubh'cations, or publications en- 
dorsed by or identified with another 
political party, or fraction thereof. 
Nor may any member donate money 
or services to, nor procure subscrip- 
tions for such publications." 

Comment: It is felt that the pres- 
ent clause is vague and incomplete. 

Article II, present Section 23 to 
be renumbered Section 24, and at the 
end of the present clause ending 
with the word ''unemployed,'* the 
word "members" to be added. 

Comment: The reason for the re- 
numbering and the adding of the 
word "members" seem to require no 
comment. 

Article II, present Sections 24 
and 25 to be renumbered Sections 
25 and 26. Strike out of present 
Section 25 (new Sect. 26) third line 
from bottom, the letters "S.E.C." 

Comment: This is to conform with 



Article II, present Section 26 to 
be renumbered Section 27, and 
changed as follows: 

"Sect. 27. a. Wherever possible 
Sections shall organize study classes. 
These are to be under the direct su- 
pervision and control of the Sec- 
tion." 

The words immediately following 
"control of the Section," and reading 
as follows: "and the leader of such 
study class shall be selected by the 
Section," to be stricken out. It is 
propo,sed to substitute the parts 
stricken out with new clause to be 
known as "b," reading as follows: 

"b. The Section shall select the 
instructor of the study class and 
such instructor shall have full au- 
thority to conduct the class." 

It is further proposed to add new 
clauses to be designated "c," "d," 
"ey" "f" and "g," as follows: 

*'c. The study class instructor 
shall at all times be .subject to the 
authority of the Section and may, at 
any time, be recalled by the Section, 
"d. Any criticism of the conduct 
of the class or instructor shall be 
voiced on the floor of the Section 
meetings, and there only. 

'*e. Party members shall not en- 
joy any more privileges than non- 
party members in the study class. 

*'f. All persons wishing to join a 
.study class shall be required to fill 
out an enrolment blank furnished by 
the Section. 

"g. No member may attend any 
so-called study class conducted by 
another organization or by a person 
or persons not connected with the 
Party. Nor shall memhem attend 



I 



44 



(xmrses in economics offered hy 
Hchadls or ^mstitutions of public edu- 
imtlom' of coUegmte, preparatory or 
^secondary -school ranlc, except in 
oa)ses where such courses are pre- 
scribed^ and required tomard the at- 
tainment of a professional or aca^ 
(Icmic degree or diploma. Nor shall 
a member of the Party be permitted 
lo function as director or teacher of 
any so-called labor college or study 
class which is not under the control 
of the Party," 

Comment: Clauses "b" to "g/' ac- 
cordingly, constitute new matter 
wliich it is felt is essential in order 
to enable our Sections to conduct 
I heir study classes strictly in keep- 
ing with Party rulings, these provi- 
sions having already been adopted 
hy the N.E.lC. Sub-(Committee some 
lime ago. The part underscored 
under "g" constitutes new matter in- 
serted in the present clause, and is 
also the result of a recent ruling 
adopted by the N.E.C. Sub-Commit- 
Ice. This ruling was prompted by 
some difficulty which arose in Sec- 
t i(m Toronto where a member had 
enrolled in a class conducted by out- 
side elements, wherein a course of 
typical capitalist economics was 
Inught. It is believed that if such a 
ruling is at all proper, as we believe 
it to be, it -s^hould be made part of 
(lie Party's constitution. 

Article III, Sect. 1, to be sub- 
divided "a" and "b." 

Article IV, iSect. 1, to be sub- 
divided "a" and "b," and new clause 
"c" to be added as follows: 

"c. The State Secretary shall not 
be a member of the State Executive 
Committee. He shall have a voice, 
Inil no vote, in its proceedings." 



Article IV, new Sections 6 and 7 
to be added: 

"Sect. 6. State Committees shall 
issue a call for a state convention to 
be held at least once every two 
years. State conventions may be 
mass conventions where every mem- 
ber in good standing .shall be con- 
sidered an accredited delegate, with 
voice and vote. If the S.E.C. de- 
cides it is impractical to hold a mass 
convention, delegates shall be elected 
from the Sections, on the basis of 
one delegate for every seven mem- 
bers or major fraction thereof, each 
Section in good standing to be en- 
titled to at least one delegate. 

"Sect. 7. No charges shall be en- 
tertained against a member who has 
been elected by a Section to repre- 
sent it as a delegate to a state con- 
vention, but the convention shall in- 
vestigate these charges, and if it de- 
cides that they are groundless or 
frivolous, the delegate may then be 
seated. This provision shall not ap- 
ply to mass conventions." 

Comment: There is no provision 
in the constitution now which makes 
it mandatory upon a State to meet 
in state convention and it is believed 
that such a convention should be 
held at least once every two years, 
as is now generally the practice, ex- 
cept where a convention meets every 
year. 

Section 7 is proposed to protect 
elected delegates for the same rea- 
sons that apply where attempts are 
made to interfere with the function- 
ing of a National Secretary, an Edi- 
tor, by preferring charges against 
such officers. 

Article IV, new Section 8, to read 
as follows: 

"Sect. 8. The functions of a State 



45 



Executive Committee under the Con- 
stitution and Regulations of. the 
Party shall be exercised by the Na- 
tional Executive Committee w^here 
no State Executive Committee ex- 
ists." 

Comment: This clause is now un- 
der Article XII, Sect. 10. It belongs 
where it is now propo,sed to place it. 

Article V, Sect. 3, second para- 
graph: Insert after the words ''all 
members of the N.E.C./' the follow- 
ing: ''shall be members in good 
standing not less than two years, 
and," and the words "this provi- 
sion" in the fourth line to be changed 
to ''these provisions/' 

Co7nm&nt: This change is pro- 
posed in conformity with the new 
clause proposed as Article II, Sect. 
17. a. 

Article V, Sect. 9, to read: "The 
sessions, regular and special, of the 
National Executive Committee shall 
convene in the city tvhere is located 
the National Headquarters of the 
Party/' 

Comment : The underscored part is 
the new matter, to wit, ''in the city 
where is located/' Under the present 
provision, as literally interpreted, it 
is necessary for the National Execu- 
tive Committee to convene at 45 Rose 
Street, New York City. There is 
no reason that we can think of why 
it should be mandatory for the ,N.E. 
C. to assemble at 45 Rose Street, 
and then adjourn to meet at some 
other place in New York City where 
N.E.tC. ses,sions usually are held. 
Assuming, for example, that the N. 
E.C. session in a given year is to 
convene at the Cornish Arms Hotel, 
there is no reason whatever why the 
N.E.C, on the morning of the first 



Saturday in May, could not convene 
at the very start at Cornish Arms 
Hotel — or wherever the N.E.C. ses- 
sion may be held in any particular 
year. 

Article V, Sect. 10. The following 
to be added after the words "or hold 
any other national office" : 

"Nor shall a member of the Na- 
tional Executive Committee function 
as permanent national organizer, 
but he may be toured for specific 
purposes, and for definite periods." 

CoTHment: This is proposed mere- 
ly to settle what is now a doubtful 
question, though rulings have been 
made repeatedly by the N.E.C. Sub- 
Committee to the effect of the pro- 
posed amendment. 

Article V, Sect. 15, clause "c," 
now reads: "To render final deci- 
,sions in all appeals made to it where 
no State Organization exists." It is 
proposed to change it to read as fol- 
lows : 

"To render final decisions in all 
appeals made by members disciplined 
by a Section." 

Comment: This change is pro- 
posed in order to conform to the 
previously proposed amendment gov- 
erning procedure in appeals made 
by members disciplined by a Sec- 
tion. 

Article V, Sect. 15, clause *T', 
now reads: "To publish in the of- 
ficial Party organ all expulsions and 
suspensions reported and all its de- 
cisions on appeals." It is proposed 
to eliminate this paragraph in keep- 
ing with the proposed amendment 
under Article II, Sect. 8, new clause 
"d." 






\ 



Article VI, "Mileage." It is pro- 
[Ktscd to add to this Article the fol- 
lowing, second line, after "bers": 
"and National Convention dele- 
gates." 

Comment: The railroad fare of 
National Convention delegates is 
MOW defrayed out of the Mileage 
iMind (as per Article VIII, present 
S(H't. 5, to become new Sect, 6) and 
il is an oversight tliat reference in 
Article VI is made only to N.E.C. 
nu^mbers. 

The same article now contains the 
following provision: 

"The National Executive Commit- 
tee shall bank the funds so collected 
ill a savings bank, the same to be 
drawn against only immediately pri- 
(»r to the holding of the N.E.C, ses- 
sions and National Convention." 

Comment: For practical reasons it 
lias not been found possible or ad- 
\ isable to carry into effect this pro- 
vision and it is believed that the 
Mileage Fund .should be banked with 
I lie rest of the Party's funds. There- 
I'ore it is proposed to strike out this 
provision. 

Article VII, Sect. 3. It is pro- 
posed to eliminate the present clause 
which now reads: 

"The procedure in removing the 
National Secretary from office shall 
be the same as that provided for the 
removal of a member of the Nation- 
al Executive Committee by Article 
V, Sect. 6, clause b," 

aiul to substitute it witli the follow- 
ing to become Article VII, Sect. 3: 

"Sect. 3. No charges filed 
against the National Secretary by 
the subdivision of which he is a 
member shall be considered until 



46 



(and) unless the provisions of Ar- 
ticle VII, Sect. 4, have been carried 
out, and then only if he is removed 
from office." 

It is proposed to add new Section 
4 to Article VII, as follows: 

"Sect. 4. The National Secretary 
may be removed upon application of 
at least ^\e Sections located within 
at least two regions, the initiating 
Section to submit its application to 
the National Office for the necessary 
seconds. If sufficient seconds are 
received within six weeks after call 
for seconds has been issued by the 
National Office, the question shall 
then be submitted to the entire mem- 
bership for a referendum vote." 

Comment: It is in keeping with 
the present provision, but amplified 
and clarified. 

Article VII, present Sections 4 
and 5, to become Sections 5 and 6. 

Article VIII, Sect. 1. It is pro- 
posed to increase the number of Sec- 
tions required to initiate a special 
convention from fi\e to ten, and to 
substitute regions for states. It is 
further proposed to leave to the dis- 
cretion of the National Executive 
Committee the place, as well as the 
date, of the convention. According- 
ly, it is proposed to change the fol- 
lowing: 

"A general vote shall decide as to 
the place, but the date of the con- 
vention shall be fixed by the Na- 
tional Executive Committee," 

and the following is proposed to 
take its place: 

"The city and date of the conven- 
tion shall be determined by the Na- 
tional Executive Committee/' 



47 



Comment: It is difficult to con- 
ceive of any good reason why the 
N.E.iC. cannot decide the place^ as 
well as the date^ of the convention. 
For the membership to decide by a 
referendum vote the place where the 
convention is to be held^ imposes a 
great deal of extra work and some- 
times causes delay in the ascertain- 
ing of where the convention will be 
held, with the consequent difficulties 
that such delay frequently creates. 

Article VIII, Sect. 2. It is pro- 
posed to add after the word ''mem- 
bers" in the last but next line of 
this section, the following: ",but 
with one Section in good standing.'* 

Comment: This, of course, is now 
the actual practice, but it should be 
covered in the constitution so that in 
the future some two or three mem- 
bers in a certain city where we have 
neither Sections nor State Commit- 
tee might not arise and demand 
"representation" at the National 
Convention, 

Article VIII, Sect. 3. The fol- 
lowing to be stricken out in confor- 
mity with the proposed change un- 
der Sect, 1 : 

'*The National Executive Commit- 
tee shall call for nominations for the 
place of the convention six months 
prior to the date of same^ and." 

Comment: The reason for this is 
obvious if the proposed amendment 
dealt with under Sect. 1 is adopted. 

Article VIII, Sect. 3. This Section 
to be divided into clauses ''a," "b," 
"c," clause "a" beginning "The 
State Executive Committee shall call 
for nominations, etc" The two next 
paragraphs to be known as clauses 
"b" and ''c," 



Article VIII, Sect. 4. The words 
"not less than two years" to be sub- 
stituted in the second line after the 
words "good standing of the Par- 
ty," in place of "for one year," 

Comment: This is in keeping with 
the amendment previously proposed. 

Article VIII, new Section 5: 
"Sect, 5, No charges shall be en- 
tertained against a member who has 
been elected delegate to a national 
convention, but the convention .shall 
investigate these charges, and if it 
decides that they are groundless or 
frivolous, the delegate may then be 
seated." 

Comment: This is also in keeping 
with amendments previously pro- 
posed. 

Article VIII, Sections 5, 6 and 7 
to be renumbered Sections 6, 7 and 
8. 

New Article IX to be designated 
"Members-at-large." It is proposed 
to change the article governing 
members-at-large entirely in keeping 
with other changes proposed previ- 
ously with respect to the power of 
State Executive Committees to exer- 
cise judicial functions. The entire 
article composed of Sections 1, 2 and 
3 follow: 

"AiRTKCLE IX. 
"Members-at-large, 

"Sect. 1. Members residing in 
states where there are no Sections 
may become attached to the organ- 
ization as national members-at-large, 
paying their dues direct to the Na- 
tional Office, and are to be subject 
to the jurisdiction of the N.E.iC. 
All decisions rendered by the N.EjC. 
in disputes involving national mem- 
bers-at-large shall be final, but 



i 



vvIh'ih^ a decision has been rendered 
l>y Lhc N.E,C. Sub-Committee, act- 
ing on behalf of the N.E.C, the lat- 
\rr may review the case, if it ,so 
t I looses, as in the case of all other 
acis by the N.E,C. Sub-Committee. 

"Sect, 2. Members residing in 
slates where one or more Sections 
exist .shall be attached to the near- 
ist Section as Section members-at- 
large. Applicants for such member- 
sin p-at-large shall be admitted by 
I lie N.E.C. and then transferred to 
whatever Section the N,EjC. may 
decide. 

"Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of 
iiieinbers-at-large to cooj^erate fully 
wilh the Section of which they are 
nii'itibers and make an earnest effort 
(o attend as many meetings of such 
Section as is compatible with their 
tneans and circumstances of employ- 
ment. In states where there are 
State Executive Committees mem- 
he r.s-at-large shall place themselves 
m1 the disposal of the said State 
I'.xccutive Committees in all matters 
pertaining to the conduct of the agi- 
l.'ition in the state, with particular 
reference to agitation that may be 
e/irried on in the locality where re- 
sit h' such members-at-large. To this 
end State Executive Committees 
sliall be .supplied with a list of the 
names and addresses (knd other 
reh'vant information) of such mem- 
bers-at-large. Where from two to 
six members reside in one locality, 
llicy may be required to constitute 
lliemselves as a propaganda commit- 
lec to work under the immediate di- 
rection of the State Executive Com- 
mittee." 

Comment: It is felt that all mem- 
he rs-at-large should become out-of- 
lowu members-at-large of the near- 
est Section in any state where there 



is one or more Sections, whether or 
not there is a State Executive Com- 
mittee in such a state. Provision is 
further made for placing these mem- 
bers-at-large at the complete dispos- 
al of a State Executive Committee 
so far as agitational work is con- 
cerned, exactly as if they were mem- 
bers-at-large of the S.E.C. The 
main reason for propotsing this 
change is to relieve State Executive 
Committees from all functions other 
than those strictly implicit in State 
Executive Committees, namely, fur- 
thering the agitation in the state, 
seeing to it that the Party gets on 
the ballot wherever pos,sible, and to 
coordinate the activity for members 
in general for all normal state pur- 
poses. Moreover, by adding out-of- 
town members-at-large in all states 
where we have organizations, we are 
merely broadening the intent, and 
scope of the present clause now in 
the constitution as Article II, Sect. 
21. ^ 

Present Article IX to become Ar- 
ticle X. 

Present Article XI, entitled "Of- 
ficial Party Organs," to be joined to 
present Article X, the new article to 
become Article XI and entitled 
"The Party Press," and to consist 
of Sections 1 to 8. 

It is proposed to amend present 
Article X, Sect, 4 (new Article XI, 
Sect, 6) by adding the words: 

''take charge of .such publication 
and appoint an editor, pending elec- 
tion of a new editor by the member- 
ship of the Language Federation, or 
group publishing such paper." 

Comment: The present provision 
implies that the Party would repu- 



48 



49 



diate its own property^ which seems 
absurd. Since all Party publica- 
tions^ whether English or foreign^ 
are vested in the National Executive 
Committee^ it seems logical for the 
N.E.'C. to take charge of the paper 
if at any time it goes wrong and 
temporarily appoint a new editor if 
the old editor proves faithless or in- 
competent. 

It is proposed to add the follow- 
ing clause to become Article XI^ 
Sect. 5: 

"In case of vacancy in the office 
of Editor of the Party's official or- 
gan the National Executive Commit- 
tee shall temporarily fill the .said of- 
fice 2>ending election of new Editor 
by the Party membership." 

It is proposed to renumber present 
'Article XIII^ to become Article XII^ 
in order to leave the Article now 
designated ''Miscellaneous" as the 
last Article in the constitution. The 
latter then would become Article 
XIII. The present Article XIII, 
Sect. 1, to be amended by .substitut- 
ing the figure 10 for the present fig- 
ure 8. 

Comment: The Federations now 
pay into the national treasury eight 
cents per dues stamp purchased, 
which seems an amount quite dis- 
proportionate to the amount paid by 
State Executive Committees which 
pay twenty-five cents into the na- 
tional treasury. It is recognized, of 
course, that Federations have their 
own special problems, but in a large 
measure so have the State Executive 
Committees. The income from the 
sale of dues stamps at present is not 
sufficient to take care of the regular 
expenses of the National Off'ice, 
other reserve funds invariably hav- 



ing been drawn upon at the close 
of the year in order to cover the def- 
icit. The proposed increase in per 
capita tax in the Federations wouhl 
help somewhat to take care of the 
deficit, though it might not fully 
cover it. 

Present Article XIII (proposed 
to become Article XII), Sect. 5, now 
reads: 

"The S.L.P. shall have full juris- 
diction over all properties of the 
Federations, as with all other sub- 
divisions of the Party, without re- 
sponsibility for any indebtedness in- 
curred by the Federations." 

It is proposed to amend this by , 
striking out the words "The S.L.P. 
shall have full jurisdiction over all 
properties of the Federations/' and 
substitute the following: 

"All equipments, including ma- 
chinery, office equipment, real es- 
tate, and all other things of value, 
which - are held in custody by the 
Language Federations, shall be the 
property of the National Executive 
Committee of the Socialist Labor 
Party, which at all times shall have 
full jurisdiction over ,such proper- 
ties." 

This proposed change is self- 
explanatory. 

Present Article XII (proposed to 
become Article XIII), "Miscella- 
neous," to be changed or adjusted as 
foliow.s: Section 1 to be designated 
"a" and "b." It is proposed to 
strike out the word "forthwith" in 
the second paragraph of the present 
Section and to substitute for it the 
following : 

"at the earliest possible moment." 

Sections 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 to be 

transferred to their respective Ar- 



lieles as jirovided in previously pro- 
posed amendments. Present Sections 
7, 8 and 9, accordingly, to become 
2, 3 and 4. Present Section 10 to 
l)c transferred under the proper Ar- 
tiele in keeping with previously pro- 
|)()8ed amendment. Section 11, ac- 
cordingly, to become Section 5. Sec- 
lion 12 to be eliminated in keeping 
with previously proposed amend- 
ments. Sections 13 and 14 to be 
renumbered Sections 6 and 7. New 
Section 8 is proposed as follows: 

"Sect. 8. All organizers employed 
by the National Organization shall 
be under the eomiDlete control and 
jurisdiction of the National Execu- 
tive Committee. No charges shall 
be entertained against a national or- 
ganizer, unless, or until, he has been 
l>reviously removed by the N.E.C." 

Present Section 15 to be renum- 
bered Section 9. 



State of Organization. 

CALIFORNIA. 

In the State of California we have 
(ivc Sections as follows: Hawthorne, 
l.ns Angeles, Oakland, Santa Clara 
( 'ounty, and San Francisco. A great 
<lt'al of agitation had been done in 
('alifornia during the last four years 
with the splendid assistance of Com- 
rades Erie Hass and Mack Johnson 
who were toured up and down the 
I'.'U'ific Coast as national organizers. 
A great deal more could and would 
have been done, and the Sections 
sirengthened and built up, but for 
I he disruption which the state as a 
whole just passed through. The dis- 
ruptive state secretary and the dis- 
ruptive majority on the old S.E.C. 
Miceeeded in undoing a good deal of 
I he work that had been accomplished 



50 



during the last couple of years. 
Even so, the movement is in a 
healthy shape as a whole and with 
excellent prospects of adding good, 
sound membership material in the 
near future. It is planned to con- 
tinue one or more organizers on the 
road in California and adjacent 
Pacific Coast states. 

There are twenty-five members- a t- 
large in the state, and we have Bul- 
garian, Hungarian and South Slavo- 
nian Branches in Los Angeles, and 
a Hungarian Branch in San Fran- 
cisco. 

There is a study class in Section 
Oakland, one in Hawthorne, one in 
Los Angeles, one iri: Section San 
Francisco, and three study classes 
conducted under the jurisdiction of 
the State Executive Committee. 
Getting on the Ballot, 

For several months the posisibili- 
ties of getting on the ballot in Cali- 
fornia this coming campaign have 
been thoroughly explored, but it is 
with regret that we must report that 
it is a physical impossibility to (ac- 
complish this very desirable end. It 
will require between five and six 
thousand dollars in order to get the 
necessary number of signatures and 
to comply with the other require- 
ments involving financial expendi- 
tures in the state. 

CANADA. 

Whereas in 1932 we only had one 
Section in Canada, we now have five 
Sections, as follows: East York, 
Hamilton, London, Montreal and 
Toronto. We did have seven Sec- 
tions up to a few months ago, but 
two of them. North York and Van- 
couver, lapsed. In Vancouver the 
lapse is only temporary, for there is 
splendid material available for a 



51 



Section. Meanwhile a study class 
has been started in Vancouver^ 
which, to all intents and purposes, 
will function as a Section as far as 
carrying on agitation, holding meet- 
ings, etc., is concerned, and it is ex- 
pected that in a short time we shall 
have a Section numerically strong 
and sound on principles, which will 
carry on the work among w^orkers in 
that vicinity. 

The pro,spects for building up a 
strong national S.L.P. movement in 
Canada are very good. Our Execu- 
tive Sub-'Committee in Toronto 
(which to all intents and purposes 
functions as a State Executive Com- 
mittee in the states) is keeping an 
eye open for all possibilities. This 
committee has from time to time 
printed leaflets for distribution and 
in a general way directed the agita- 
tion throughout the country with ex- 
cellent results. 

In Canada we have twenty- four 
national members-at-large scattered 
throughout the Dominion, and the 
following Language Federation 
Branches: Bulgarian and South 
Slavonian Branches in Hamilton, 
and a Bulgarian Branch in Toronto. 

Sections Hamilton and London 
each have a study class and Section 
Montreal has two study classes. 

COLORADO 

In the State of Colorado we still 
have only one Section, namely, Den- 
ver, which, however, is carryiuig on 
excellent work. There are a few 
members-at-large in the state. Re- 
peated inquiries from different parts 
of Colorado indicate that there are 
good possibilities for building up a 
statewide S.L.P. movement if we 
could put an organizer in the field 
long enough. Unfortunately, Den- 



ver is so situated that it is difficult 
to reach either from the East or 
from the Wes-t. Comrade Hass lias 
made a stop at Denver on his recent 
tour East, and on the basis of his re- 
port of the conditions we may be 
able to formulate definite plans for 
building up one or two additional 
Sections in the .state. 

There is a study class in Denver. ' 

Getting on the Ballot. 
In this state only 500 signatures 
are required to get on the ballot and 
it is certain that we shall be on the 
ballot in Colorado. The vote cast 
in 1928 was 313, and in 1932 the ; 
number was 427, 

CONNECTICUT. 

In Connecticut we have ifive Sec- 
tions as follows: Bridgeport, Harl 
ford. New Haven, New London and 
South Norwalk. A good deal of 
work has been accomplished in tlie 
state during the last year or two 
through the special efforts of Com- 
rades Borden and Simon who havii 
spent several months on the road as 
state organizers. The Sections, on 
the whole, are doing excellent work, 
and there is every indication that we 
shall be able to build a strong S.L.P. 
movement in Connecticut. 

As you know, we had considerable 
trouble in Bridgeport .a little over a 
year ago which, however, was defin- 
itely settled, with the disrupters go- 
ing the way of their kind' — i.e., show- 
ing their moral turpitude by joining 
with the enemies of the Party be- 
fore they were barely out of the or- 
ganization. 

There are four members-at-large 
in Connecticut, and we have Hun- 
garian Branches in Bridgeport and 
South Norwalk. 



52 



'Hiere is a study class in Bridge- 
porl, one in Hartford, one in South 
Norwalk, and two in New Haven. 
Getting on the Ballot. 

Ill this .state one per cent oi the 
total vote cast in the previous Presi- 
dential election is required in order 
I hat the Party m^ay get on the ballot 
liy petition. The state secretary re- 
ports that as far as is known no 
(iiiancial assistance is required from 
I he National Office, which may be 

I a ken to mean that there will be no 
question about our being on the bal- 
Inl in Connecticut this campaign. 

The State of Connecticut is dis- 
tinguished by reason of the fact that 

I I was the only state in the Union 
where the S.L.P. succeeded in be- 
coining an official party. This hap- 
prncd in the election of 1934. It does 
iiol appear, however, that this will 
help us much in this national cam- 
paign, seeing that the official party 
slntus applies only to state officers. 
1 lowever, it was quite an accomplish- 
ninit for our Connecticut comrades 
l(» make the Socialist Labor Party 
!\i\ official party in their state, al- 
ii loiigh the loud-mouthed, sensation- 
uiongering Communist party failed 

III this respect. 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

We have a hust]ing -Section in the 
nation's capital which, however, is 
<-':i-t'atly hampered by reason of its 
Ixing located in the territory where 
iJic "industry" is almost exclusively 
politics. Nevertheless, the Section 
has been able to carry on splendid 
/tgitation and is ever eager and ready 
lo arrange lectures for speakers 
Ironi out of town, even .as far away 
as New York City. The Section is 
conducting a study class. 

'I' he problem of getting on the 



ballot in the District of Columbia is 
solved for us by virtue of the fact 
that there is no ballot there, the citi- 
zenry being disfranchised. 

IDAHO. 

We have a few members-at-large 
in this state, but the conditions for 
getting on the ballot are probably 
insurmountable this year. Neverthe- 
less, the matter is being looked into 
and every effort will be made to 
place the ticket in the field. 

ILLINOIS. 

In the State of Illinois we have 
eight Sections as follows: Belleville, 
Cook County, East St. Louis, Fulton 
County, Granite City, Peoria, Rock- 
ford and Waukegan. The largest of 
these, of course, is Cook County, 
where excellent work has been done 
during the past few years. A con- 
siderable number of young, promis- 
ing members have been adided to the 
roll in Chicago. The Sections in the 
coal field district have, of course, 
suffered considerably, partly because 
of the misery prevalent among the 
miners, -and partly because of the 
warfare that has been carried on 
now for a number of years between 
rival * 'unions." Even so, our Sections 
have managed to keep the S.L.P. 
banner floating and have carried on 
under most -adverse circumstances to 
the best of their ability. 

There are .six members-at-large in 
the state and we have the following 
Federation Branches: Bulgarian 
Branches in Chicago, Granite City, 
Madison, Waukegan and Zeigler; 
South Slavonian Branches in Bell- 
wood and Chicago. 

We have Weekly People Clubs in 
Granite City, Peoria and Waukegan, 
all of which are doing excellent 
53 



work by Avay of arranginig socials^ 
etc.^ and otherwise raising funds for 
the support of our official organ — 
which is the reason for their exist- 
ence. 

There is a study class in each of 
the following places: Belleville^ 
Granite City and Waukegan, and 
two each in East St. Louis, Peoria 
and Cook County. 

Getting on the Ballot. 
In this state a total number of 
25;,000 signatures is required to get 
on the ballot. Not less than 200 
must be gathered in each of the fifty 
counties. The state will require ifi- 
nancial assistance from the National 
Office to the amount of approximate- 
ly two hundred or three hundred dol- 
lars. The vote polled in 1928 was 
1,812, and in 1932, 3,638. 

INDIANA. 

In the State of Indiana we have 
now four Sections as follows: Evans- 
ville, Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and 
South Bend. All but one of these 
are in excellent working order. The 
exception is South Bend which re- 
cently decided that it had better dis- 
band. Inasmuch as the Section had 
more than the required minimum in 
point of membership, the Section 
was ordered to reverse its decision 
and to continue until a decision 
could be reached as to what should 
be done. There is absolutely no ex- 
cuse for not continuing as a Section. 
Our alert State Committee, through 
its secretary, Comrade Wise, is plan- 
ning to do some intensive work in 
South Bend with a view to building 
up the iSection .and incidentally to 
teach the comrades how to carry on 
activities even under what, to them, 
may seem adverse circumstances. 



There are nine members-at~largc 
in the state and the following Lan- 
guage Federation Branches: Bul- 
garian Branches in Fort Wayne and 
Gary ; and South Slavonian Branches 
in East Chicago and Gary. 

We have a Weekly People Club 
in Fort Wayne, and a study class 
each in Evans ville. Fort Wayne and 
Indianapolis. 

Gettkig an the Ballot, 
Approximately 8,000 .signatures 
are required to get on the ballot in 
the State of Indiana and the com- 
rades expect to secure these signa- 
tures with little, if any, help from 
the National Office. The vote in 
1928 was 645, and in 1932, 2,070. 

IOWA. 

While as yet we have no Section 
in Iowa, we have a number of mem- 
ber s-at-large in the state. Good 
work has been carried on in Clinton 
and Des Moines. In the former city 
Comrade Henry Svendsen, a typical 
S.L.P. veteran, ** holds the fort,'* and 
whenever organizers pass through, 
or come near Clinton, he never 
misses an opportunity to arrange* 
meetings. In Des Moines Comrade 
Waitz has been doing some excellent 
work during the last few years. Un- 
fortunately, his circumstances are 
such that he icannot give as much 
time to S. L. P. work as he would 
like to. If it were possible to main- 
tain an organizer in Iowa for a suf- 
ficiently long time it is a certainty 
that we should -be able to organize 
two or three Sections in this state. 

Getting on the Ballot. 

We were on the ballot in this state 

in 1928, but by 19(32 changes had 

been made which made it impossible 

for us to get on the ballot. Strenuous 



54 




efforts will be made this year to get 
(Ml the ballot, and although we no 
longer liave a Section in Clinton, we 
have members-at-large scattered 
lliroughout the .state as stated above, 
with good nuclei in Clinton and Des 
Moines. In 1928, 230 vo'tes were 
cast for the S.L.P. in this state. 

KENTUCKY. 

In Kentucky Section Louisville 
('(mtinues to "hold the fort'* with 
|)rospects, however, of being supple- 
mented by a Section in the near fu- 
liire in the Covington district. This 
latter district has been covered witli 
agitation during the last few years 
by our Section in Cincinnati, which 
is within a comparatively easy dis- 
lance of it. We have several mem- 
Urrs-at-large in Covington now. In 
Louisville good work has been car- 
ried on by the Section alone, as 
well as with the assistance of Coim- 
rade Campbell who for quite some 
lime resided in that city. 

There are no Language Federa- 
lion Branches in this .state. 

Getting on the Ballot. 
There appears to be no question 
about our getting on the ballot in the 
Slate of Kentucky, for about 1,000 
signatiires are required) which may 
l»c gathered in any part of the state. 
In 1928 we polled 338 votes, and 
1,396 in 1932. With the group in 
('ovington, Ky., to assist us this 
\ car, it should be possible to increase 
I his vote. 

MAINE. 

We have as yet been unable to or- 
;',;mize a Section in the State of 
Maine, though at one time there ap- 
[tcared to be good prospects of do^ 
nig so in the City of Portland. With 



one or two more members in that 
city, we .should be able to build a 
Section. Comrade Max Sprague, 
member-at-large, had planned to 
move to Portland. If his plans had 
materialized, it would have given im- 
petus to our efforts with respect to 
organizing a Section there. Comrade 
Aiken visited Maine a couple of 
times during the last few years and 
if he could have been kept there 
longer, tliere is no doubt that one or 
two Sections would have material- 
ized. 

There are no Language Federa- 
tion Branches in this state. 

Getting on the Ballot. 

A til ou sand signatures are required 
to get on the ballot ' in Maine. In 
193'2 we had a Section at Thomas ton 
wliich gave us enough members to 
fill the electoral ticket. The mem- 
bership is scattered this year. Every 
effort will be made to get on the bal- 
lot in Maine. In 1924 (which was 
the last time previous to 1932 the 
Party was on the ballot) we polled 
406 votes, and in 1932, 2-55. 

MARYLAND. 

In the State of Maryland we have 
one Section now, nameh% in the 
City of Baltimore. During the last 
year or two we maintained what 
nominally was called Section Cum- 
berland, but it was considerably un- 
dermanned. The three or four com- 
rades who were left after the Section 
practically lapsed a few years ago 
continued to carry on as an organ- 
ized unit in the hope that sufficient 
members would be added to enable 
it to carry on a,s a regular 'Section. 
Failing in this, the remaining mem,- 
bers have now transferred as mem- 
bers-at-large of Section Baltimore. 
They will, however, continue to 



nn 



carry on as an organized unit under 
the immediate supervision of iS action 
Baltimore, 

There are no Language Federation 
Branches in Maryland. 

Getting on the Ballot. 

In this state the Party is known 
as the Labor Party due to legal re- 
strictions. Two thousand signatures 
are required to get on the 'ballot and 
barring unforeseen developments 
these will be gathered. In this 
state we polled 906 votes in 1928^ 
and 1,036 in 1932. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

In Mas,sachus€tts we have five Sec- 
tions as follows: Boston, Hampden 
County, Lynn^ Salem and Waltham. 
We did have a Section in Pittsfield 
which recently lapsed. The Sec- 
tion there was weak to start with^ 
but it was hoped that it could .be 
built up. That hope, however, did 
not materialize. We have several 
members'-at-large, and with one or 
two additional members it would be 
an easy matter to build up and main- 
tain a Section there. 

Good work is being carried on in 
this state throughout the year, and, 
with the exception of Salem, all 
the other Sections are in a healthy 
condition. Special attention has been 
given, and will .be given to Salem in 
the near future. The comrades who 
are ''holding the fort" there are 
eager and enthusiastic, but it has 
been found difficult to attract addi- 
tional membership material to en- 
able the Section to function as it 
really .should. 

There are sixteen members-at- 
large in Massachusetts*, but no Lan- 
guage Federation Branches. 

We have Weekly People Clubs in 
Boston and Lynn, and a study class 



in each of the following Sections: 
Boston, Lynn and Waltham. 
Getting on the Ballot. 
Unless the law has been changed 
in this state since 1932, there will be 
no question about our getting on the 
ballot in Massachusetts. In 1928 we 
polled 773 votes, and 2,668 votes in 
1932. 

MICHIGAN. 

In the State of Michigan we have 
now two Sections: Jackson and 
Wayne County. Wayne County, 
strictly speaking, however, is really 
made up of three Sections which 
combined for reasons of efficiency. 
Technically, however, there are two 
Sections. We did have a Section in 
Lansing which lapsed recently. The 
SjEjC. is keeping its eye on oppor- 
tunities for reorganizing this and 
other Sections in the state where 
agitation has been carried on for 
m;any years. There is an excellent 
opportunity in Kalamazoo for a Sec- 
tion, and without a doubt we shall 
witness the organizing of several 
Sections in Michigan before long. 
Section Wayne County is in a £rst 
class condition, doing excellent work 
and in a well organized manner. 

There are eighteen member,s-at- 
large in the State of Michigan and 
the following Language Federation 
Branches: Bulgarian, Hungarian and 
South Slavonian Branches in De- 
troit; South Slavonian Branches in 
Hamtramck and Monroe. 

There is a Weekly People Club in 
the Highland Park Branch of Sec- 
tion Wayne County, and three study 
classes conducted by the Section, 
and two study classes are conducted 
under the supervision of the S.E.C. 

Getting on the Ballot. 
In this state it is also compara- 



56 



li\fly easy for the Party to get on 
I lie ballot and, here again, unless the 
law has been changed we shall get 
(Ml the ballot without fail. In 1928 
vvf polled 7'99 votes, and 1,401 in 
1!)32. 

MINNESOTA. 

I u the State of Minnesota we have 
(ive Sections as follows: Alborn, Du- 
I II 111, Minneapolis, St, Paul and 
\Viiu)na. Section Duluth is the latest 
arrival and it is a pleasure to say 
that it has been doing and is still 
doino* excellent work. The other Sec- 
lious are also carrying on persis- 
Icntly, though they' are not showing 
any marked growth. Section St. 
I*aul did improve considerably as a 
result of the work done there by 
Comrade Campbell who toured the 
slate several times. 

There are nine mem~bers-at-large 
ill the state, and we have a Bul- 
garian Branch in Minneapolis. 

Sections Alborn, Duluth and Min- 
neapolis each conduct a study class. 

Getting on the Ballot. 
In this state the Party goes on 
I he ballot under the name of ''In- 
dustrial Party" with the initials 
S.L.P. in brackets. Two thousand 
signatures are needed to get on the 
ballot and the state will require fi- 
nancial assistance from the National 
OHice. In 1928 we polled 1,921 
votes, and 770 in 1932. 

MISSOURI. 

There are two Sections in this 
■slate, namely, Kansas City and St. 
Eouis. Both these Sections are do- 
ing good work. From time to time 
efforts have been made to get Sec- 
l ions organized in other parts of the 
state, particularly in St. Joseph, but 
so far without any succesis. We have 



a member-at-large in St. Joiseph who 
is an out-of-town member of Section 
Kansas City. 

We have a Weekly People Club in 
St. Louis, and Bulgarian, Hungarian 
and South Slavonian Branches in St. 
Louis. 

Getting on the Ballot. 

Comrade Cox reports that we 
shall have no difficulty in getting on 
the ballot in Missouri. In 1928 we 
polled 340 votes, and in 19i32, 404. 

NEW JERSEY, 

In the State of New Jersey we 
have three Sections as follow.s: Es- 
sex County, Hudson County and 
Pasisaic County, Repeated and 
strenuous efforts have been made to 
organize Sections in some of the 
other large or good-sized towns in 
the state, but without succesis. Spe- 
cial attention has been devoted to the 
large industrial city of Elizabeth, 
and to the smaller city of New 
Brunswick. Comrade Bopp has been 
toured on various occasions through 
the .state with excellent results. In 
the city of Camden there appeared 
to be good opportunities for organ- 
izing a Section. The S.P.;, as in so 
many other places, had split and 
several of the members seemed to of- 
fer promising material. So far, how- 
ever, nothing has been produced in 
that line. 

There are eleven members-at-large 
in this state, and a South Slavonian 
Branch in Hoboken, There is also 
a study class in Section Essex Coun- 
ty. 

Getting an the Ballot. 
In this state 1,000 signatures are 
needed to get on the ballot which it 
will not be difficult to gather. They 
may be iseeured in any part of the 
state. In 1928 we polled 500 votes 
57 



in this state, and 1,062 in 1932. 

NEW YORK. 

In the State o£ New York we 
liave thirteen Sections as follows: 
Bronx, Eroome Co.^, Buffalo^ James- 
town^ Kings Co.-, Lackawanna, Mon- 
roe Co., Montgomery Co., New York, 
Oneida Co., Onondaga Co., Orange 
Co. and Rensselaer Co. We did 
have a Section in Westchester Coun- 
ty up to a few months agO;, but the 
Section had been in a state of disso- 
lution for some time. Finally it 
lapsed and the remaining members 
have been transferred as member s- 
at-large. Most of the Sections in 
the state are doing splendid work 
with the State Committee constantly 
on the lookout for opportunities to 
spread the Party's message in terri- 
tories where we have no Sections. 
Repeatedly the State Committee has 
toured organizers through different 
parts of the state. 

There are seventeen members-at- 
large in the State of New York, and 
the following Language Federation 
Branches: Bulgarian Branches in 
Lackawanna, New York and Syra- 
cuse; Hungarian Branch in New 
York; South Slavonian Branches in 
Lackawanna and New York. 

Three study classes are conducted 
by the Sections in Greater New 
York, and one in each of the follow- 
ing 'Sections: Broome Co., James- 
town, Monroe Co., Onondaga Co., 
Orange County, and Rensselaer 
County; also three classes conducted 
under the ;supervision of the State 
Executive Committee. 

Getting on the Bkillot. 

In this state a minimum of 12,000 
signatures are needed to get on the 
ballot^ with not less than fifty in 
each of the sixty counties. As the 



State of New York has never faih'd 
in getting on the ballot, there is no 
reason to anticipate failure this year. 
In 19'28 the vote cast for the Party 
was 4,211, and 10,339 in 1932. 
(Since this was written, information 
has been received which seems to 
indicate that we ma 3^ have a major 
problem on our liands in getting on 
the ballot in New York State.) 

OHIO. 

In this state we have eleven Sec- 
tions, most of which are doing splen- 
did work. They are: Akron, Barber- 
ton, Canton, Cleveland, Columbus, 
Dayton, Hamilton County, Lorain, 
Lucas Co., Salem and Youngs town. 
Sections Barberton, Columbus and 
Lucas County are in need of new 
members who it is hoped will be 
added a;s a result of the camj^aign 
activities during the summer. 

There are three members-at-large 
in Ohio, and the following Language 
Federation Branches: Bulgarian 
Branches in Akron, Cleveland, Lo- 
rain, Mansfield and Toledo ; Hun- 
garian Branches in Akron, Cleve- 
land, Lorain and Toledo ; South Sla- 
vonian Branches in Akron, Canton, 
Cincinnati, iClcveland, Day ton, Steu- 
benville and Youngstown. 

We liave Weekly People Clubs in 
Akron, Cleveland, Lorain, Mansfield 
and Salem, and ;study classes in the 
following Sections: three in Hamilton 
Co., two each in Akron, Cleveland 
and Dayton, and one each in Canton, 
Columbus, Salem, Youngstown and 
Lucas County. 

Getting on the Ballot. 

In this state, due to election law 
restrictions, the Party appears on 
the ballot as the ''Social Labor Par- 
ty." Twenty-two thousand .signa- 
tures are required to get on the bal- 



5S 



lol. It is expected that these will necessary to appear under another 
\h' gathered. In 1928, l,5l5 votes designation, which the N.E.C Sub- 
Committee decided should be "In- 



wcre cast for the Party, and 1,968 
\(tlcs were cast in 1932. 

OKLAHOMA. 

Fn the State of Oklahoma inten- 
si\ f work has been carried on during 
llir last couple of years. We have a 
number of memlbers-at-large in the 
state with prospects of organizing a 
Section in the near future. At pres- 
riit Comrade Reynolds has located 
there and contingent upon his being 
.■d)le to make a living in the state, he 
will exert every effort possible to 
inrrcase the membership and organ- 
ize study classes and Sections in the 
shite. Comrade Quinn has also 
l(»iircd the state. The iS.P. in Okla- 
homa is in process of dissolution, the 
usual contending factions doing their 
hest to exipose the outfit as a whole. 
II is a question how much of this 
material can be <made to serve the 
purpose of S.L.P. organization, but, 
t)l' course, we shall salvage what we 
ean for the Party. 

There is a study class in Tulsa, 
Oklahoma. 

Getting on the Ballot. 
In this state 5,000 signatures are 
required to get on the ballot and 
these are now being collected by the 
members in the state, aided by Com- 
rade Reynolds. It is by no means 
etirtain that we shall be able to col- 
U'ct the 5,000 signatures within the 
time limit fixed by law. Strenu- 
ous efforts, however, will ibe m;ade to 
get on the ballot. Our membership 
is enthusiastic about the idea of the 
Party appearing on the ballot in Ok- 
lahoma for the first time in its his- 
tory. Due to the fact that the So- 
cialist party has preempted the 
designation ''Socialist/' it will be 



dust rial Labor Party." 

OREGON. 

We have four Sections in this 
state as follows: Astoria, Bend, 
Klamath Falls and Portland. Sec- 
tions Astoria and Bend need 
strength, though ^both are still car- 
rying on under somewhat adverse 
circum:stances. Section Portland is 
doing excellent work and at the mo- 
ment of preparing this report is 
conducting a radio broadcast series. 
The Section cooperates frequently 
with its neighboring iSection in 
Washington, namely, Vancouver. 

There are two members-at-large in 
Oregon and a Bulgarian Branch in 
Portland, and we have study classes 
in Bend, Klamath Falls and Port- 
land. 

Getting on the Ballot. 
In this state upward of 15,000 sig- 
natures are required which may be 
gathered from any part of the state. 
Our state secretary informs us that 
"it is probable that we shall get on 
the ballot without assistance from 
the National Office." We .sincerely 
hope that this will be so, 'but in any 
case every effort will be made to get 
on the ballot without fail. In 1928 
we polled 1,564 votes in this state, 
and 1,730 in 1932. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

We have witnessed a magnificent 
growth in this state during the last 
four years. Whereas in 1932 we 
only had two Sections, we now have 
eight Sections, and until recently 
there were nine. Section Wilkes- 
Bar re was compelled recently to 
disband. The remaining comrades, 
59 



however^ will carry on as an organ- 
ized group under the supervision of 
the S.E.iC. The state convention^ 
which was recently held^ was at- 
tended by our national organizer, 
Comrade Quinn. The convention was 
reported a huge success^ certifying 
to a splendid spirit and an active 
and aggressive membership. 

The eight Sections in the .state are 
the following: Beaver Co.^ Blair Co.^ 
Erie, Greensburg^ McKeesport, 
Philadelphia^ Pittsburgh and Read- 
ing. 

There are eighteen memlbers-at- 
large in Pennsylvania and South 
Slavonian Branches in Luzerne and 
Philadelphia. 

Two study classes are conducted 
under the .supervision of the State 
Executive Committee^ and there is a 
study class in each of the following 
Sections: Erie^ Greensburg^ Mc- 
Keesport^ Pittsburgh^ Reading and 
Blair County. 

GettMg on the Ballot, 

In 193'2 the Party appeared on 
tlic ballot as ''The Industrialist 
Party/' and in 1934 as 'The Indus- 
trial Party," but apparently this 
year it will be necessary to choose 
another designation in order to con- 
form with provisions of the elec- 
tion law. About 10^000 signatures 
are needed to get on the ballot -in 
this state. Apparently there is no 
question about our getting on the 
ballot in Pennsylvania. In 1928 we 
polled 380 votes and G59 votes in 
1932. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

In the State of Rhode Island we 
have one Section^ namely^ Provi- 
dencc;, though up to a few months 
ago w^e maintained a Section at New- 
port. Unfortunately^ it became nec- 



essary to disband this Section, Re- 
cently one of the active S.L.P. mcm^ 
bers in that vicinity met with an un- 
timely end through drowning. Com- 
rade Bolender was a splendid tyi>e 
of the newer membership) material 
that has been attracted to the Party 
during the last seven or eight years. 
His loss will be keenly felt by his 
comrades in Rhode Island. 

There are four mem-bers-at-large 
in the State of Rhode Island. 
Getting on the Bullot, 

In this state the comrades expect 
to place a full ticket in the field. 
About 500 signatures are required. 
The state will need asisistance from 
the National Office. In 1928 we 
polled 4il6 votes for the Party's 
program^ and 360 in 1932. 

VIRGINIA. 

In the State of Virginia we now 
Iiave a Section at Newport News. 
There appear to be good prospects 
for organizing another Section at 
Richmond^ but as yet only slow 
progress tow^ard concrete organiza- 
tion has been made. Our Washing- 
ton (D.C,) comTades, however^ are 
watching the possibilities closely and 
it is planned to hold meetings with 
speakers from Washington as often 
as possible. 

Tentatively a study class has been 
organized. 

We have a few members-at-large 
in Virginia^ but no Language Feder- 
ation Branches. 

Getthig on the Ballot, 

At the present writing there is 
some doulbt as to whether we shall 
be able to appear on the ballot in 
this state;, but every effort will be 
made to achieve this end. We did 
not appear on the ballot in Virginia 
in 1932. 



60 



\ 



WASHINGTON. 

'Considerable progress has been 
rn;ule in Washington during the last 
lour years. In 1932 two Sections 
only were reported. We now have 
seven Sections in the .state as fol- 
lows: Everett^ Longview^ Seattle^, 
Spokane^, Tacoma^ Vancouver and 
White Salmon. All these Sections 
are giving good accounts of them- 
selves. There are four memibers-at- 
l.nrge in the state, but no Federation 
I i ranches. 

There is a Weekly People -Club 
in Seattle, and a study class in each 
of the following Sections: Everett^ 
LongvieW;, Tacoma and Vancouver. 
Getting on the Ballot. 
In this state we shall appear on 
the ballot without any question. In 
19'28 about 4^000 votes were polled 
l»y the Party, and 1,009 in 1932. 

WISCOiNiSIN. 

In the State of Wisconsin we now 
Iiave two Sections, namely, Madison 
and Milwaukee. We did have a 
Section at Oshkosli which, however, 
was compelled to disband recently. 
Splenidid work has been carried on 
by our comrades in Wisconsin dur- 
ing the past four years, with nation- 
al organizers occasionally Ibeing 
loured through the st^ite. 

There are eight members-at-large 
in Wisconsin, and the Bulgarian 
and South Slavonian Branches in 
Milwaukee. There is a study class 
in Milwaukee. 

Getting on the Ballot. 

In this .state the Party appears 
(m the ballot as the Social Labor 
Party. According to present infor- 
mation, 1,000 signatures are needed 
for each of the thirteen electors. 
Apparently there is no question 
about onr appearing on the ballot 



this year. In 1928 we polled 381 
votes in this state, and 494 w^ere 
polled in 1932. 

Language Federations. 

We are herewith submitting re- 
ports from the Language Federa- 
tions of the Party, together with a 
brief report submitted by Comrade 
P. Coroneos, secretary of our Greek 
S.L.P. movement. All our Federa- 
tions appear to be in a better shape 
than ever, and particularly so the 
Bulgarian and South Slavonian Fed- 
erations. The reports follow: 

EEPORT OF THE 
BULGARIAN FEDERATION. 

''To the Nineteenth National Con- 
vention, 

''Socialist Labor Party. 

''Dear Comrades: 

'Tn reviewing the standing and 
activities of the Bulgarian Socialist 
Labor Federation for the preceding 
four years, it may be noted at the 
outset that, while in point of figures 
or numbers the results of its various 
activities far from justify the efforts 
made, still some healthy and highly 
eneouraging progress has been made 
both as to quality and quantity. 

"Due to the unprecedented unem- 
ployment and general apathy follow- 
ing the advent of the so-called de- 
pression, the condition of the organ- 
ization had grown from bad to 
worse for a number of years, and by 
the end of 193'2 it .seemed highly 
doubtful whether we could hold out 
much longer without resorting to 
some serious retrenchments which 
might seriously cripple the organi- 
zation for a long time to come. Un- 
employment took such proportions 



61 



that, judging by the exemptions fur- 
n is heel J, at least one- third of the 
members were totally unemployed 
throughout the year^ which^ of 
course^ does not mean that all the 
others were totally employed. Pro- 
curing the necessary means for the 
upkeep of the organization had be- 
come a very hard task. And to 
make it still worse, whatever re- 
serves we had were completely ex- 
hausted by this time. In short, it 
looked really blue at the time. How- 
ever, just as the darkest hour marks 
the turning point in the night, so 
also the time thought to be the dark- 
est for the organization marked the 
turning point. 

"It may be observed, however, 
that under the circumstances it is 
highly questionable whether, in -or- 
dinary times, we could have pulled 
through. Fortunately, however, these 
were not ordinary times, in fact, very 
extraordinary times. The rapidly 
increasing evidence that the capital- 
ist system is done for; the utter 
bankruptcy of all so-called labor or- 
ganizations, as evidenced by the in- 
creasing reactionary activities; the 
ever increasing interest of an ever 
greater number of workers in the 
teaching of the Party's principles, 
along with ever increasing evidence 
of their appreciating the Party's 
logical program — all of this has kept 
reacting upon the membership, con- 
stantly encouraging and urging them 
to exert ever greater efforts. And 
in time, in the measure that efforts 
increased, the seemingly insurmount- 
ability of the problems confronting 
us decreased, the membership hav- 
ing realized that these problem;S can, 
because they must, be solved. 

"The following year, or even the 
following years, while the unem- 



ployment situation remained practi- 
cally the same, at least as far as 
the membership was concerned, j udg- 
ing by the exemptions furnished, the 
condition of the organization kept 
on improving, taking ever greater 
strides. This can best be shown by 
the collections taken at the conven- 
tions, which have progressed as fol- 
lows : 1932 : $759.96 ; 1933 : $1,908.- 
11; 1934: $3,029.34; and 1935: 
$5,60-6.93, Thus, the gloomy picture 
of 1932 was soon pushed aside, an 
ever brighter one taking its place. 
Gradually the *lost* ground was re- 
gained, and no thought of retrench- 
ment can any longer be entertained. 
All this simply shows that the mem- 
bership is capable of accomplishing 
what the organization requires, once 
they realize the necessity and rise to 
the occasion. 

''It is remarkable, however, that 
with all the ups and downs, the 
membership has remained practical- 
1}^ intact. Having commenced the 
period reported with 22 Branches 
and a total membership of 370, we 
now have 23 Branches and a total 
membership of 357, as per the re- 
port for the fiscal year of 1935. Due 
to shifting of members in search of 
work,, four Branches have lapsed, 
viz., Benton and Frankfort Heights, 
111.; Pontiac, Mich.; and Indianapo- 
lis, Ind. But then five new Branches 
have been organized, viz., Toronto 
and Hamilton, Ontario; New York 
City ; Waukegan, 111. ; and Minnea- 
polis, Minn, The rest of the 
Branches we noAV have are located 
as follows: Detroit, Mich; Toledo, 
Akron, Cleveland, Mansfield, Lorain, 
Ohio ; Chicago, Zeigler, Granite 'City, 
Madison, 111. ; Fort Wayne and 
Gary, Ind. ; Syracuse and Lacka- 
wanna, N.Y.; St. Louis, Mo.; Mil- 
62 



I 



waukee, Wis.; Los Angeles, Calif.; 
and Portland, Ore. In the course 
of four years new members admit- 
ted, 125, dropped 97, expelled 13, 
\r['[ the organization 10, left for the 
old country 14, and died 4. Of the 
present members 235 are reported 
lo have become naturalized citizens. 
"The financial standing of the 
I'V'deration, as per balance sheet of 
November 16, last, is as follows: 
Cash on hand, $1,147.24; machinery 
and equipment, $3,051.99; library 
and fixtures, $536.70; stock, $3,108.- 
55; accounts receivable, $1,064.82; 
and real estate, $9,845.43; total, 
$18,754.73. Receipts and expendi- 
lures for the four years ending No- 
vember 16 last: Cash on hand from 
1931, $3,621,98; receipts, $30,866.- 
03; expenditures, $33,340.77; cash 
on hand November 16, $1,147.24; 
collection for the various funds, 
$21,126.69. 

"For the period reported: Dues 
slamps purchased, 10,750, and ex- 
emption stamps received, 4,100. 

"Having been badly situated in 
li)32, as described above, not much 
could be done for the Campaign 
lumd. All we could do was contrib- 
ute to the extent of $2,323.11, which 
is a little over $3,000 short of our 
sliare in the previous campaign. This 
lime, ho'wever, we propose to make 
up for that shortage; and, judging 
hy the spirit at the recent conven- 
lion of the Federation, there will be 
no lack of efforts to that end, to say 
I he least. At any rate, even with 
I hat marked lagging behind in the 
Campaign Fund of 1932, still the 
National Office was assisted finan- 
cially to the extent of $7,011.09, col- 
lected for various Party funds, etc. 
"As you will note, we still have 
on our hands the property in the 



city of Detroit. The efforts made 
so far to dispose of it have been 
without .success. In the spring of 
1933 the National Office had ar- 
ranged for it to be sold at public 
auction. It so happened, however, 
that as soon as the arrangements 
were completed, the so-called *bank 
holiday' struck the state of Mich- 
igan. Of course, the plans had to 
be abandoned, since it was useless 
to attempt to sell property then or 
for some time to come. So far no 
other attempt of the kind has been 
made. Last year a real estate con- 
cern in Detroit offered to sell it for 
us, suggesting that there might be 
prospects. It was listed with them, 
but so far nothing has been heard 
of. HowcYer, the last two years 
we have succeeded in renting space 
for a small amount, just about 
enough to cover the taxes, 

"The figures above, as stated at 
the very beginning, far from do jus- 
tice to the efforts made these four 
years. While the first two years we 
could hardly manage to tour one or- 
ganizer part of the time, the past 
two years two organizers have been 
toured most of the time. And last 
year, being the 25th anniversary both 
of the Federation and its official or- 
gan, Rahotnichesha Pro\sveta, two 
special issues of the latter were got 
out, twice the regulai* size, and dis- 
tributed in almost twice the regular 
circulation. All this agitation will 
have its effect in due time. In fact, 
it is already showing telling results. 
The proteges of the Third Interna- 
tional are now thoroughly discred- 
ited and are rapidly losing ground 
among the Bulgarians, For a num- 
ber of years, with the assistance of 
prominent Bulgarians under the 
wing of the Third International, 
63 



:,„. Perhaps that was tneir - " ; ^^^^^^ ^,,^ „„ eele- 

At any -te due to the Is ax ., „_,,ed Branch 



they succeeded in making quite a 
racket, thereby distracting the atten- 
tion of decent workers from the rev- 
olutionary movement. While they 
could do no harm to the organiza- 
tion directly, with all their vi^cious- 
ness and villainy, they succeeded m 
perverting a number of honest work- 
ers polluted the minds of many 
others and caused a good many 
others to get disgusted with the la- 
bor movement, and thus to a great 
extent hindered the progress of our 
organization. Perhaps that was their 
mission. At any rate, due to the 
lashing they liave got these many 
years, they stand now discredited 
and their usefulness to do harm to 
the movement may soon come to an 
end. Now they are going to organ- 
ize anybody and everybody m a 
•huge united fronf for the purpose 
of doing anything under the sun, 
outside of abolishing capitalism. 
This, perhaps, will sooner bring 
them to the end of their nasty career 

and thereby clear the field for the 
revolutionary movement among the 
Bulgarian workers. 

"Fraternally submitted, 

"Theo. Bae£E, 

"Secretary. 

"Granite City, 111-, 
"April 2, 1936." 



pose: making known the S.L.P. prin- 
ciples and securing funds for our 
paper. Our Branch in Cleveland, 
Ohio, celebrated two anniversaries, 
that of the Federation, and its own 
42nd anniversary as a Hungarian 
Branch of the Socialist Labor Party. 
"Through the anniversaries, our 
press fund received a considerable 
'sum which has enabled the Federa- 
tion to publish A Munka.s since No- 
vember 3, 1934, again as a weekly, 
and to stay out of the red. 

"An interesting incident occurred 



REPORT OF THE 
HUNGARIAN FEDERATION. 

"March 25, 1936. 
"D°ar Comrade Petersen: 

"The year of 1935 was a banner 
year for the Hungarian S.L.F., as 
it was the 25th anniversary of A 
Munlcn^ and of the Federation. 
There were celebrations m the 
Branches which served a double pur 



11 l.l.JJ.iiXV.'V. 

brations. A newly organized Branch 
in St. Louis, Mo., had an anniver- 
sary entertainment and presented the 
proletarian drama, 'The Lnd of the 
'S„„g; by our late Comrade Koeppel. 

The local Hungarian Roman Lath 
olic priest publicly denounced the 
play as anti-religious-although he 
did not see it-and announced m the 
local press that those who acted m 
it were godless and would be excom- 
municated from the church at the 
holy altar the following Sunday. 
The joker in this is that at the pub- 
licly announced time and church, the 
priest had nobody to excommunicate 
as the sympathizer who acted in the 
play, although a Catholic was no 
really a member of the church but 
only had been in its club, from 
which he had already resigned after 
coming in contact with lS.L.P.Utera- 

ture The priest also threatened the 
owners of the hall where the play 

was presented that never would he 
cross the threshold of such a sacrile- 
gious place-if they would dare to 
Lblet'the hall to the S.L.P. Mucli 
to the credit of the owners of the 
hall, they publicly rebuffed the priest 

for his impertinence. 

"The Federation did not have any 



64 



paid organizer in the field last year ;SuWn.ions: 1^, ^^^^ 

l,ut intends to put at least one per- 9.J4, ^^''^'^f^ 

manently in the field in the coming 1932,^$1^,970^4_8. ^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^. 

national campaign. *9i26 2il- 1933, $1,095.30; 

"We admitted 24 new members 934, UA26^.1 , 
last year; 3 were ^-PPed; 6 r - ^^^f^^ ^^^ ,„ ,,3,, .e had 
,ig„ed; 2 transerr d o the Se ^ ^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^ ^„, 
tions. We had a total of^ 14 ^^ ^, ,^„. We published last year 
bers at the end ot l96o. unt ux j magazine 
„ Toledo, Ohio, collapsed; one a .32-page First of May g 
Branch wa's organized last October 'n\,500 copies The P 
in St. Louis, Mo. We have Branches H.lt, sixth volume^ o 
in the following cities: Akron, Cleve^ ^"rarl 'Tbet^o luti^n of Prop- 
land, Lorain, Ohio; Bridgeport and Laf argue s The ^ 
South Norwalk, Conn..; Detroit, erty m 1,000 cope 

Cisco, Calif.; New Yoik, ^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ,„ .p^ead 

Louis, Mo. ,c T ,P nrinciples among the 

"The sales of dues stamps were, the S.L.:P. prmc P ^^^^ 

1,158, 189 exemption, in 1935, a to- Hungarian ^^-^^^^-J^^^,, f^^ees 

til o 1,347; 1,130, 194 exemption we have to -™bat ^'^^.^j^^ ,^„kers 

1- 4- 1 ^f 1 ^24- 1,132, 419 of reaction and the misiea w 

in 1934, a total ot 1,324, '^'^ ' ^ ^ reformism alid 

^T. iQH^ a total of 1,551 who still believe . i j u,r 

exemption, m l^dii, a totai ^ . misled by 

1,0.38 398 exemption, in 1932, a to- ^^^^^^^^^^^^J^,^^, ,,., antic 
^^^"TUIfan average of 126 mem- i. playing 'un.edjront, .ymg Jo 
ters per year; therefore, at the pres- unite -'f J^^lJZZ to unite even 
ent time the membership is above L^^ly they have triect 
the average for the last four years, with priests «^"^';'^^^^^; ^rthy of 
.Z, ,rP Women's A Munkas who are helping Regent won y 

"There are Women t, ^ White terrorists 

Guards, organized in the manner of Hungary and '"^ Z' ^^^ ,,^i. 

Weekly People Clubs, in Akron in their propaganda lejo 
Brdge'port, Cleveland, Detroit and sion of the -"-^^/Xs^ia-Hun' 
New York. The membership m which dismembe^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
these Guards is about 60. Ihey co- gary. ^ he ant^revo ^_^^ ^^^ 

operate with the Branches and Sec- to have --Jr^l^ ^j^.^ ., ,,range, 
tLs in Party activities, hold ba- burlesque bolshevik ^^^ 

zaars and arrange entertainments^ as they ^- "^'^J^^^^^ ,,en taken 
They have their own bylaws and ^';- f "g^^L^^er emblem 
,,, of offieers and ar u d,^ the « J. -k^^^^ ^^^^^^ ,^ .i ht 

-.7rran:::;rdition is also they ;eally belong in the e^^^^^^^^^^ 

1 f nl^ivp the average. Our revolutionary camps, -i 
some^vhat above the av g ^^^^^^^^^ movement and even a So- 
total income was $5,871.55 ^^^^.^ ^.yement among the 

iftfi 831.20 m 1935. ^ , .i^^no- mnre to the con- 

*'"The sale of subscriptions and do- Hungarian^, aadmg -re ^^^^^^ ^^_ 

nations for A Munkas were: fusion. In spite 

65 



stacles^ the iFederation will hold its 
own and go forward^, as it is only 
through the teaching of the S.L.P. 
that the Hungarian workers of 
America will find their right place 
in the final struggle for the eman- 
cipation of the working class. 

"Yours for a rousing campaign^ 
as C.M.B,D., 

"Alex. Kudlik, 
''(National Secretary/' 

The aboA'C report was accompanied 
with a financial report which i,s here 
summarized: 

Total income (193'5), $6,411.40; 
carried over from 1934, $419.80; to- 
tal, $6,831.20. Total expenditures 
(193i5), $6,453.83; balance on hand, 

$377.37; total, $6,831.20. 



REPORT OF THE SOUTH 
SLAVONIAN FEDERATION. 

*' Cleveland, Ohio, 
''April 4, 1936. 
"To the Nineteenth National Con- 
vention of the Socialist Labor 
Party. 
"Dear Comrades : 

"iCapitalist depression, unemploy- 
ment and the threat of another 
World War are still with us and will 
remain with us as long as capital- 
ism lasts. During the past six years 
of depression and unemployment the 
capitalist class has had plenty of 
time, popular support and all otlier 
opportunities to solve these prob- 
lems. We must admit that the capi- 
talist class, through its present Ad- 
ministration, has tried almost every- 
thing at their command to solve 
the problems with which they are 
confronted, within the framework of 



capitalism. Yet they have not made 
an inch of progress. 

"In the past, Marx says, tlic c/i|n 
talist class could get over the crises, 
'on the one hand by enforced di 
struction of a mass of produclivi' 
forces; on the other, by conquest of 
new markets, and by more thorough 
exploitation of the old ones.' They 
have been trying to get over this cri 
sis the same way. Our .smiling Prcs 
ident even took a step forward by 
ploughing under cotton and wheal, 
by destroying crops, pigs and wlial 
not. But capitalist society has 
reached the pointy, as Marx descrilx's 
it, when *the productive forces a I 
the disposal of society no longer 
tend to further the development of 
the conditions of bourgeois property ; 
on the contrary^ they become too 
powerful for these conditions.' 

^'Having failed in their efforts to 
find new markets for .surplus goods 
and raw material through peaceful 
means, the capitalist class is ready 
to resort to armed force and war. 
The tremendous armament whidi 
has taken place in the last ten years 
in each and every capitalist nation 
points in that direction. But the 
world being • already divided among 
the thieves of the powerful capitalist 
nations, another division becomes 
necessary for the less fortunate cap- 
italist groups. Thus^ it becomes an 
obvious fact to every intelligent 
working man and woman that in or- 
der to preserve its rule any longer 
the capitalist class must feed itself 
with its own limbs. When a given 
social system reaches that stage of 
its development and is unable to 
discharge its obligations toward so- 
cial progress and civilization^ that 
social system is ready to go. The 
total collapse of such a social system 







\h just a matter of time. 

"Hcfore the present depression 
I In re was not much sign of political 
M. Ii\ity on the part of South Slavo- 
Ht/m workers during any election, ex- 
t ept on the part of those under the 
inMuence of our Federation and, to 
n limited extent, among the follow- 

< I s of the burlesque communists. A 
Mreal majority of the South Slavo- 
hi /III workers considered political 

< Minpaigns and elections things' with 
uliieh they had nothing to do. This 
I'iclure has been changed quite a bit 
now. During the depression a num- 
Iter of corner grocers, steamship 
n^;eiils, real estate agents, lawyers 
i\\\t\ other petty politicians lost their 
Imsiricsses and privileged positions 
Miey had in the good old days of 
|Hosperity and they have become ac- 
h\r ])olitical agents of the two ma- 
jitr capitalist parties, organizing so- 
erilh'd Jugo.slav Democratic and Re~ 
|Mil»li(.'an Clubs. The purpose of 
Mitst^ clubs is to acquire political 
johs for the leaders and to promise 
I he street cleaning, city office clean- 
mi;' or garbage collector jobs to their 
I III pes and followers. 

"Through these clubs and politi- 
i t\\ Irading with the big shots in the 
I wo major capitalist parties, the ex- 
S.P.ites and ex-Communists were 
twice elected to the Ohio State As- 
'.rin[>ly and several others^ also ex- 
S. I*. ices and exHCommunists, and so- 
» .'ilied liberals and radicals, got soft 
political jobs in the city hall in 
(leveland for themselves. During 
I Ik- municipal election in ^Cleveland 
1/ist fall these clubs were very ac- 
i\v{\ especially through the radio. 
There is, however, every reason to 
he 11 eve that they will be still more 
active in the coming Presidential 
(lection. It is needless to say that 



our Federation will deal with these 
clubs in the S.L.P. style and man- 
ner. Whether it will be necessary 
for us to ligh.t these stool-pigeons 
also through \he radio remains to be 
seen. 

"Four years ago (19S2) we had 
25 Branches with about 335 mem- 
bers. We now have 22 Branches 
with about 300 members. During 
this period we have organized three 
new Branches and have lost six. 
The main cause for losing these 
Branches is due to insufficient knowl- 
edge and lack of interest in the or- 
ganization on the part of the new 
members ihf the new Branches. But 
as to activities, our Branches and 
members are more active now than 
ever before. 

'Tn the past few years we have 
had internal disturbances in several 
Branches caused by disrupters and 
organization anarchists. These ele- 
ments, because of their weak back- 
bones, their ignorance or feeble 
character, simply cannot stand the 
strain of time^ discipline and other 
requirements of an organization .such 
as ours. As a rule^ the trouble with 
these elements begins with a stupid 
act on their part and instead of cor- 
recting themselves they turn against 
the organization, denouncing its of- 
ficers, etc. This sort of trouble 
naturally leads to suspension and 
expulsion. 

''For the first few years of de- 
pression the mailing list of Rad~ 
nicka Borha began to fall rapidly, 
then in 1932 it stopped at about 
2,000 readers. Since then^ however, 
the mailing list has begun to in- 
crease, but very slowly. The pre- 
paid subscriptions to RadnicJca Bor- 
ha for the past four years amount 
to $10,209.42, and donations for the 



66 



67 



same period amount to $15;:209.74. 

"Our Federation is well supplied 
with literature. In the course of the 
past four years we have published 
27,500 copies of new literature and 
have bought a certain quantity of 
Marx's 'Capital/ 'Critique of Politi- 
cal Economy' and 'Poverty of Phil- 
osophy' from the old country. Sales 
of our literature are satisfactory. 
The cash receipts for literature dur- 
ing this period amount to $7;,! 64.1 7. 
As usual, we published the yearly 
Almanac of 176 pages, 35 cents per 
copy. This year over 5,000 copies 
of the Almanac were sold. We also 
received $1,816 for the advertise- 
ments in the Almamac. 

"Our contribution to the National 
Campaign Fund of 19i32 was $2,- 
381.94. How much we shall be able 
to contribute this year remains to be 
seen. But one thing is certain^ that 
our contribution up to this conven- 
tion will .surpass the total amount 
of 19312. We undertook the neces- 
sary steps for the Campaign Fund 
early in January this year. While 
our contribution to the iCampaign 
Fund of 193i2 was less than in 192i8, 
the amount for other Party funds has 
been twice as large during the past 
four year,s as it was the previous 
four years. The total amount to 
the various Party funds is $4,194.76. 
"Total cash receipts of the Fed- 
eration during the past four years 
amount to $51,238.22; expenditures, 
$49,734.07. Cash balance as of De- 
cember 31, 1935, $1,504.15. 

"Our Branch in Buenos Aires, Ar- 
gentine, carries on its activities as 
usual. Due to the capitalist reac- 
tion in that country they cannot 
carry on activities with the neces- 
^ sary freedom and liberty; they have 



to watch carefully. They plan U\ 
organize several study classes in iln' 
city and intend to increase their tw 
tivities and influence through tli«s. 
study classes. The group in Moiil« 
video, Uruguay, shows much inon 
vigor and activity. Some time ag" 
they sent us a copy of a Spanish 
translation of the ^Burning Question 
of Trades Unionism.' This pamphlcl 
was published by 'Editorial Advancr* 
in Buenos Aires. One copy of lliiN 
pamphlet I have forwarded to llir 
National Office. Our comrades over 
there are very enthusiastic about it. 
Up to date these two groups havr 
distributed $966 worth of our litem 
ture. 

"For the most successful National 
Campaign Fund, I remain 

"Fraternally yours, 
"Milos Malencicli, 
"Secretary.'* 



Our Greek IS-L-P. movement ha.H 
not made particular progress during 
the last few years. It became nec- 
essary to discontinue publication of 
the Greek organ, the Builetm, From 
time to time Comrade iCoroneos, our 
indefatigable secretary, complained 
that the Greek commdes were not 
rendering him the cooperation which 
they had pledged to render. Early 
last summer, under the supervision 
of the National Office, the Greek 
Executive Committee and the secre- 
tary were elected, the Greek com- 
rades throughout the country, in- 
cluding tho,se who were members of 
various Sections, voting on these 
questions. Comrade Coroneos has 
submitted a report which follows 
herewith : 



"March 26, 1936. 

Mr. Arnold Petersen, 
Nalional Secretary, S.'L.P, 

1 1( ar '(/Omrade: 

'I'll rough the efforts of the Na- 
liiMial Office the Greek organization 
lia». \\ivn reorganized this past year 
Hilt I /ill efforts will be put forward 
lit ( licet a group worthy the name of 
S I. r. organization. Being numer- 
Itnlly weak and having to operate 
Mil n national scale, our task is tre- 
tiii ikLkis. We have found out, be- 
ultlrs, that our numbers are even 
»iin/illcr than what we thought they 
were. 

' Three members were eliminated 
I Ml non-payment of dues, two of 
I linn of long .standing and one sup- 
|M»'.((lly well posted in S. L. P.- 
I»»i»i. Another individual, although 
mIiH a member of the Party, is inac- 
li\'- and in no way cooperates with 
n , Death has taken its toll besides. 
All ill all, in the past three years or 
'H». we have been left with eight to 
!• n members fewer than before. The 
(iicek organization is composed, at 
(Mtsent, of 2s3 members which ex- 
plitiiis my remark that 'our task is 
I r< inendous/ 

* I lowever, we do not by any means 
fi.rl disheartened, but it is no\ out 
ol" place to wish to appeal, through 
(Ihsc lines, to all Sections and com- 
rades throughout the nation, to let 
no opportunity for contact with the 
(ireek element go by without an ef- 
Inrt to place us in touch with such 
|ios.sil)ilities. 

"We have .succeeded in publishing 
Marx's masterpiece, 'Value, Price 
and Profit,' in Greek, adding this 
niosl valuable brochure to our stock. 
W'e now have at our disposal nine 
SI.. I*, pamphlets to hand out to the 



Greek workers, besides 'The Silver 
Cros.s' by Eugene iSue. 

'*We have two Branches, one in 
Chicago with nine members and the 
other in Detroit with five. Our stal- 
wart comrades in Detroit are .spar- 
ing no effort to promote the inter- 
ests of the Party. They are having 
their regular meetings and holding 
socials and entertainments, etc. They 
have taken in $200, with a cash bal- 
ance on hand, as at January 1, 1936, 
of $40. 

"The Chicago Branch, although it 
has had its handicaps, is emerging 
now to constructive activity. It held 
14 regular meetings and one special 
meeting, and kept up a study class, 
with average attendance of &.yc, up 
to last month; conducted a .series of 
lectures in the winter season which 
seems to have built up a small audi- 
ence which is gradually increasing. 
Further details, in my opinion, are 
not necessary. Suffice it to ,say that 
we struggle along and aim to im- 
prove. 

"We have, inaugurated a national 
'Press and General Propaganda 
Fund' for general propaganda and 
the eventual republication of our 
Greek organ, OrgamoMS, with $22.65 
on hand to date. There is a con- 
stant demand for free literature 
which we have not been able to fill 
so far. We have no leaflet whatever 
at hand at the moment, to which mat- 
ter I desire very much to call your 
attention. We are trying our best 
to finance publication of .some leaf- 
lets, say two or three kinds, for free 
distribution. Unfortunately, our re- 
sources are very limited. We shall 
soon have to print some few thou- 
sands of our platform in Greek. If 
the National Office could take care 
of part of the expense we .shall only 



69 



68 



be too glad to do all we possibly 
can, so as to arm ourselves with the 
absolutely indispensable free litera- 
ture. 

*'We have in view issuing again a 
monthly mimeographed circular to 
bring the members and sympathizers 
closer together for further action. 

* 'Generally speakings the psychol- 
ogy of the Greek workers is practi- 
cally one with the great mass of the 
working class^ with the necessary 
variation allowed. 

"As to future pro,spects we cannot 
say much. , We prefer to do our 
share and let results take care of 
themselves. We pledge ourselves to 
work and contribute all we possibly 
can to spread our message among 
the Greek workers to help to get 
them organized in the S.L.P. in as 
great numbers as possible^ to the 
end that capitalism be destroyed. 

"Fraternally submitted, 
'*P. Coroneos^ 
"Secretary.** 



Party Membership. 

During the past year there were 
sold upward of 24^000 dues stamps^ 
and more than 6^600 exemption 
stamps were granted. On this basis 
the membership would be around 
2^600^ though making allowance for 
the usual factors (failing to ask for 
exemption stamps^ being unduly in 
arrears though able to pay dues, 
etc.) the membership is probably 
nearer the 2,800 mark. That a great 
number of our members are still un- 
employed is indicated by the fact 
that requests for exemption stamps 
are made without material deprecia- 
tion. For the year ending March, 



19'82, 3,869 exemption stamps u( rr 
supplied. This figure was inrrcasrd 
during the two following yvnrH, 

though during the subsequent llircc 
years it dropped slightly. The rcr 
ord stands as follow: 




1932-1933 


7,536 


1933-1934 


8,500 


1934-1935 


6,745 


1935-1936 


6,620 



A total for the four years of ap- 
proximately 30,000. Of last ycar'H 
total of 6,600, approximately 1,S(M) 
went to the Federations. Despite 
constitutional provisions, despite re- 
peated argument and entreaties, 
there are still members who hesitate, 
and .sometimes refuse to accept ex 
emption stamps. Apparently the 
feeling persists with some comrades 
that to accept exemption stamps is 
equivalent to accepting charity ! 1 1- 
is hardly necessary to repeat that it 
is no such thing. One would think 
that class cons clous, trained iS. L. P. 
members, granted that it is distaste- 
ful to the mi to accept exemption 
stamps, would prefer that than 
to be dropped from the organ- 
ization embodying the principles to 
which they profess adherence. For 
let us not forget here, as in other 
connections, that "The principle 
and the organization are one." 

Sale of dues stamps during the 
four-year period was as follow.s 
(cents omitted) : 



1932-1933 


$3,017 


1933-1934 


3,852 


1934-1935 


4,263 


1936-1936 


4,754 



Or a total for the four years of ap- 
proximately $16,000. 



The S.L.P. Movement 
Abroad 

'i'iiere has been general progress 
ill I he S.L.P. movements in Great 
lirilaiii, Australia, and — to keep 
within the technical meaning of the 
/d)ovc subhead — in Canada. In Aus- 
Iralla, where there have been in ex- 
islence a few ISX.P. Branches for 
some years, steps have been taken 
It) effect closer cooperation and co- 
ordination among the Branches with 
a Cicneral Executive which was 
(lee ted last summer. This General 
!''.xecutive consists of seven mepabers. 
Although progress has been slow in 
Australia in recent years, there is 
r<'ason now to expect substantial 
|)rogreiss in the near future. It is 
somewhat difficult at this distance 
lo understand fully the reason for 
I he backwardness of the iS.L.P. 
movement in Australia, though it 
may be taken for granted that the 
nelivities of the disrupters a few 
years ago have to a very large extent 
been responsible for retarding prog- 
ress. 

In Great Britain progress ap- 
pears to have been rather slow, but 
I htm our British comrades are facing 
unusual difficulties. Apart from the 
usual combination of foes of varied 
shades and pretences, the British iS. 
\..\\ has had to contend against a 
pestiferous nuisance in Scotland in 
the shape of a small group of intro- 
spective owls led by a few unscrupu- 
huis disrupters expelled years ago 
by the British Party. Being unham- 
pered by the ordinary restrictions of 
I ruth and decency, they have occa- 
sionally succeeded in demoralizing 
nwd poisoning the minds of some of 
I hose who ordinarily would have 
h( en attracted to the S.L.P. Brazen- 



70 



ly they pkime themselves with the 
fraudulent designation, British Sec- 
tion International Socialist Labor 
Party, the only part of which that 
has any element of truth in it is 
the "British.'* For short they refer 
to them:selves as the B.S.I. S.L.P., 
w]i ere fore they are usually catego- 
rized as the polynomials. Though 
prating about De Leon and De 
Leonism, they violate, through their 
very pretences and existence as a 
separate organization, the very fun- 
damentals of iDe Leonism, to wit, 
that the principle and the organiza- 
tion are one. These individuals, be- 
sides being dishonest in their preten- 
sions to being De Leonists, are also 
as naive and infantile a lot as it is 
possible to conceive. At any rate, 
t]io.se among them who are not con- 
sciously crooked, belong to the spe- 
cies of freaks referred to by De 
Leon as Knipperdollings. The Knip- 
perdollings, as De Leon explains it, 
were a sect of fanatic followers of a 
.sixteenth century German religious 
dissenter named Bernt Knipper dol- 
ling, who eventually embraced poly- 
gamy. (The fact of Knipperdolling s 
polygamy does not necessarily ex- 
plain the polynomials!) Knipperdol- 
ling was fond of declaiming about 
the naked truth, which prompted his 
literal-minded followers to run about 
in the streets stark naked. Hence a 
Knipperdolling is one who accepts 
literally everything he hears, regard- 
less of time and circumstances. 
Years ago an S.L.P. member who 
had visited Great Britain related the 
following incident. It seems that a 
dispute had arisen among the little 
group of Knipperdollings in Edin- 
burgh, the argument evidently pro- 
ceeding in typical theological 
fashion. Finally one of the Knip- 



71 



perdollings arose and said solemnly 
that De Leon had once made the 
statement that the working class was 
the final tribunal with respect to 
conflicting claims within the labor 
movement; wherefore he proposed 
that the question be submitted to the 
workers f of Edinburgh at the next 
meeting on the town square^ and that 
the 'final decision be left with them! 
It is further reported that this was 
done^ though what ifinally happened 
is no longer fresh in memory. The 
story may not be true^ or it may be 
exaggerated^ but it illustrates to 
perfection the literal-mindedness and 
introspectiveness of this group. The 
literal-mindedness of these freaks is 
further illustrated by an incident 
that took place at a debate in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, March 31, 1929, 
between Comrade Cotton and one of 
the spokesmen of the polynomials. 
The latter thought so well of their 
achiev^eraent that they published the 
debate in pamphlet form, and they 
still advertise it. During the dis- 
cussion following the debate, Com- 
rade iCotton made the point that the 
policy of the polynomials was one 
of sterility — meaning, of course, that 
the}^ were wooden-headed, literal- 
minded, and therefore wholly ineffec- 
tive for the good of the movement. 
One of the polynomials (named Tait) 
then rose and asked Cotton with 
lugubrious solemnity: *'Would Cot- 
ton say that Tait was a sterile in- 
dividual?" To which Comrade Cot- 
ton, no doubt with befitting gravity, 
replied: *' Unfortunately, I do not 
know the gentleman/'!! (Parentheti- 
cally, an American S.L.P. man won- 
ders how a debate between an SwL.P. 
man and a disrupter could be pos- 
sible, but that, after all, is another 
story.) 



Occasionally emissaries of iins 
group land in this country, and willi 
very few honorable exceptions at 
tempt to carry on their disru})livr 
propaganda here. It usually takes 
the form of denunciation and vilifira 
tion of the British S.LjP. and pnr 
ticularly of that splendid outstand ■ 
ing British De Leonist, Comrade L. 
Cotton. In recent months one of 
these freaks (if not frauds) resumicd 
disruptive activities in Toronto, af- 
ter he had been properly consigned 
to the rubbish heap a few years ago. 
Though he had been previously in- 
formed that he was not wanted, and 
that in any case no former member 
of the Edinburgh disrupters could be 
admitted to the American S.L.P. 
without unqualifiedly repudiating 
these disrupters (which he refused 
to do, thus proving that he was an 
agent of the polynomials) — despite 
all this he, nevertheless, made re- 
newed attempts to join Section To- 
ronto. After rejecting his advances, 
Section Toronto referred him to the 
National Office of the iS.L.iP., as a 
result of which a couple of rather 
lengthy detters were exchanged. The 
net result of this was that this gen- 
tleman (named Nicoll) once more 
proved himself the usual combina- 
tion of freakish clown and tangle- 
foot disrupter. As an amusing post- 
lude to this incident, Section Toronto 
recently reported receipt of a letter 
from the gentleman wherein he 
serves notice of appeal to the Party's 
national convention ! ! ! As the Par- 
ty's .National Secretary said, com- 
menting on the matter in a recent 
letter to Comrade Cotton: 

"Our organizer of Section Toron- 
to, Canada, told me recently that he 
received a letter from Mr. Nicoll 
which, however, he returned without 




trading more than a few lines. It 
M|>|irnrs that Mr. Nicoll wanted to 
/i|>|H*nI to our national convention 
/iK'iiiist the Party^s decision not to 
prriiiit him, or any of his fellow dis- 
iii|tl('rs of the 'Edinburgh iSchool,' 
lo join the Party here without, at 
IcMst, repudiating the polynomials. 
C<»!nmenting further on the matter, 
llir organizer of our Toronto iSec- 
hnii ji(hls that Mr. (Nicoll wished to 
It ring his case up for consideration 
by the Party convention, as a mat- 
In- of international importance, and 
was asking for information as to 

jn-nci'dure for so doing ' It is 

t \ idcnt that in Mr, Nicoll we have 
.'iiioLher case of a disea,'!ed mind — 
Mint is, one more megalomaniac who 
lliidks that the world revolves 
/I round him, whereas, as Emerson 
nltscrves, it is the megalomaniac who 
'ilaiuls on the spot, spinning around 
liimself. Mr. Nicoll's point is ob- 
viously to be translated to say that 
M r. Nicoll has become *a matter of 
international importance.' I thought 
yini would be interested in this ad- 
ditional tidbit concerning this amaz- 
ing group of freaks and egotists 
who constitute themselves a nuisance 
\n Hdinburgh, Scotland." 

The case of this freak proves 
/igain, if it proves nothing else, that 
S.L.lP. renegade-disrupter and ego- 
maniac are synonymous terms with 
respect to all matters concerning the 
lnl)or movement. In order that the 
l»arty membership in general may 
become familiar with some of the 
outstanding facts in connection with 
llii.s group of disrupters, we are re- 
producing herewith a brief outline 
of their "history" (using the word 
here in the same sense implied when 
.students of pathology speak of "case 



72 



history") which was received by the 
National Office recently from Com- 
rade Cotton: 

"As to the Edinburgh Group, 
the B.SJ.S.L.P. 

"The group of opponents of the 
SjL.'P., organized under the false 
and lying title of British Section In- 
ternational Socialist Labour Party, 
was formed by men expelled from 
the S.L.P. of Gt. Britain in 1911. 

"In the early days of the British 
S.'L.P. the bulk of its membership 
was in a small area of Scotland. Its 
Executive was, necessarily, a local 
one of members in that area. This 
led to Edinburgh being made its 
Press centre and, later. Party Head- 
quarters. The temporary and un- 
satisfactory nature of this form of 
Executive Committee was thorough- 
ly realized by all Sections of the 
Party except Edinburgh. This ar- 
rangement lasted some years, due 
largely to Edinburgh's opposition to 
any change. As the then Editor of 
the Party organ wrote: 'They were 
determined that the leadership should 
remain with them, or under their 
"sphere of influence" — in other 
words, that the Party '.s N.E.C. 
should be a local or district caucus, 
and not in any sense representative 
of the Party.' When the Party did 
make the change and elected a 'Na- 
tional' Executive Committee with a 
Sub-E.C. in Edinburgh, the same op- 
position was met with. The Editor, 
J. C. Matheson, described it in a 
letter to the membership. Against 
this representative N.E.C. the hos- 
tility of the Edinburgh members has 
been unscrupulous and unremitting. 
In 1907 this Branch wrote to the 
members of the N.E.C, proposing 
that they should hand over to the 
73 



Sub-EjC. the powers that the Party 
had delegated to them. A more dan- 
gerous and subtle conspiracy cannot 
be conceived. Happily the N.E.C. 
refused to play the traitorous role 
assigned to them. Unhappily^ they 
did not suspend the Branch for an 
attempt to get behind the member- 
ship and upset conference decisions. 
To show how little this Branch ap- 
preciated the genero,sity displayed 
to them by the N.E.C. they sent me, 
as Editor of The Socmlist at the 
time, their quarterly Branch report 
for publication in the Party's organ, 
containing a paragraph in which 
they gloried in their attempt to over- 
turn by illicit and unconstitutional 
methods the constitution of the Par- 
ty, and claimed that defiance of 
Party rules was a mark of revolu- 
tionary virtue ! I returned the report 
to them and refused to publish it 
unlesis that paragraph was deleted.' 

*'The late R. Hutchinson, for a 
long time an able member of the N. 
EjC, in his report to his constitu- 
ents in 1909, said, The N.EjC. has 
never had, since its formation, the 
support of the Edinburgh and Leith 
members.* To quote Matheson 
again: 'Conference after conference 
has had its time frittered away and 
its discussions marred by the 
perennial dispute with the members 
of the late Edinburgh Branch. This 
year what was always a nuisance 
and a cause of irritation has become 
a source of humiliation and impo- 
tence to the S.L.P.* The same ex- 
perience befell all other active mem- 
bers till some grew sick and left, 
leaving the position worse for those 
who remained. 

"Another form of disruption fa- 
vored by this group was the abuse 
of the constitutional right to call for 



a referendum vote. They incessant- 
ly demanded referendums on all 
sorts of trivial matters, generally, 
against the form of N.E.C. Here is 
a sample of this taken from the N.h'. 
C. Minutes of August 21, 1910. 'Let- 
ter from Edinburgh Branch calling 
on the N.E.C. to take referendum 
on the proposition: ''That all gener;il 
and routine business be carried 
through by the Sub-E.€., including 
finance, jurisdiction over the press, 
and that in all internal and routine 
matters the Sub-EjC.'s powers to 
act shall be vested in itself, and that 
it be responsible to itself and the 
Party, except in so far as they trans- 
gress rules.' In plain English they 
proposed to .set up the Sub-E.iC. as 
having co-equal powers with the N. 
E.C, but with all control in their 
own hands. Verily, a house divided 
against itself. Yet that referendum, 
typical of Edinburgh methods, was 
actually taken. It was Edinburgh's 
Jesuitical attempt to emasculate the 
hated ^national' form of N.E.C. It 
is typical of the many others. 

"The S.L. Press. 
"The dispute would have termi- 
nated by their expulsion long before 
but for the fact that the Press was 
located in Edinburgh and was in 
their hands. Gillespie, the leader of 
the group, was the Pres,s Manager. 
Their control of the Press was the 
bludgeon with which they compelled 
the membership to submit to their 
will. For instance, they would print 
and issue the Sub-EjC. Minutes 
promptly, but the N.E.C. Minutes 
were always delayed for a long time, 
always we were assured, for techni- 
cal reasons we as non-printers could 
not understand. When complaints 
w^ere sent to them of this delay they 



74 



hianu'd 'tliis lumbering form of N.E. 
('.' On one occasion the Party mem- 
he rship had decided to place an Or- 
ganizer on the road. The Edin- 
burgh members opposed this. Money 
was subscribed for the Organizer 
ImuuI and a capable member ap- 
plied for the post. The National 
Secretary, one of the Edinburgh 
members, kept the application from 
I he N.E.!C. and thus the project of 
employing an Organizer that sum- 
mer was defeated. The facts are 
recorded in the N.E.C. Minutes, 
June, July and August, 1910. The 
following year it was again decided 
to employ an Organizer and the Na- 
I imial Secretary was instructed to 
insert in The Socmlist an appeal for 
liinds. He sent the appeal but it 
was not inserted. He wrote to Gil- 
h.spie for an explanation. Gillespie 
replied that he had lost the copy. 
'I'll us were the efforts of the N.E.C. 
and the membership thwarted and 
sabotaged by this anarchistic group. 
And, remember, we are here only 
giving one or two samples of the 
t reacherous conduct of these people 

I hat lasted for five long years. This 
s(n't of conduct was a regular fea- 
ture of their activity. At the Party 
ecmference of 1911, Gillespie pre- 
sented a document which purported 
lo be the Financial Statement of the 
S.L. Press for the past year. The 
delegates spent a whole day trying to 
el if it from him what it all meant. 

I I was in vain. And the conference 
rejected the document in toto and 
instructed the National Secretary to 
engage a Chartered Accountant to 
investigate the affairs of the Press. 
'I 'his was done. The Accountant af- 
terwards wrote the National Secre- 
tary that he had twice called at the 
S. r>. Press but on both occasions 



was put off by Gillespie. Realizing 
that his game was finished, Gillespie 
sent a postcard resigning his post 
immediately, choosing his time to do 
so just a few days before The So- 
cialist should be published. As a last 
desperate throw of the dice he sud- 
denly issued a circular to the mem- 
bership containing a .scurrilous at- 
tack on the N.E.C. in an effort to 
alarm the membership and get them 
on his side. This was defeated by 
the National Secretary who got a 
reply into the hands of the entire 
membership within 24 hours. The 
N.E.C. expelled Gillespie from the 
Party forthwith. He left the Press 
without giving up any list of the 
numerous literature agencies which 
held large quantities of the stock of 
books and pamphlets, most of which 
were lost to the Party. Now in the 
case of any expulsion by the N.E.C, 
unfairnes)S or injustice is, though un- 
likely considering the widely scat- 
tered areas from which its members 
are elected, at least conceivable. Ac- 
cordingly, the Party has provided 
abundant safeguards against it, and 
a means of making appeal if it 
should happen. Until these means 
had been exhausted, loyal members 
of the Party, however much they 
might sympathize with him, were 
bound to regard the expelled as out- 
side the Party. The Edinburgh 
Branch adopted no such attitude. 
They elected him as their Branch 
secretary in the hope of compelling 
the National Secretary to correspond 
with him as a member, thus defying 
the N.E.C. and insulting the Party. 
As soon as the new N.E.C. were 
elected, the secretary called them to 
a meeting. At that meeting, Decem- 
ber, 1911, the N.E.C. were in ses- 
sion for eleven hours examining the 



75 



evidence the National Secretary sub- 
mitted to them. They then expelled 
the entire Edinburgh Branchy an ac- 
tion that should have been taken 
four years before. The Edinburgh 
expellees^ true to their anarchist na- 
ture, refrained from taking the con- 
stitutional method of an appeal to 
the conference and took the course 
of defying the N.E.C. and continued 
to claim themselves as the Edin- 
burgh Branch. We say nothing here 
of their impudent locking the new 
Press Manager out of the room used 
as a place for retailing the Party's 
literature; of their instructing a firm 
of solicitors to write to the Manager 
calling on him to vacate the prem- 
ises; of their dragging internal Par- 
ty affairs into their outdoor propa- 
ganda; of their public vilification of 
the N.EjC, the Press Manager, the 
National Secretary^ and The Social- 
ist. 

**The Party iConference was held 
at Manchester and Gillespie and an- 
otlier presented themselves as dele- 
gates of the Edinburgh Branchy 
seating themselves at the delegates' 
table. As soon as the Chairman 
took his seat, the National Secretary 
demanded their removal. The dele- 
gates .supported the demand. Gilles- 
pie "refused to leave and the Chair- 
man called upon a hefty delegate to 
remove him. Gillespie did not wait 
for the operation. He made an un- 
dignified exit. The conference, by 
an overwhelming vote, endorsed the 
actions of the N.EjC. and ratified 
the expulsions. 

''Outside the Party they continued 
their disruptive tactics and regularly 
deluged our Branches and members 
with scurrilous circulars. Eighteen 
months later they set themselves up 
as the British Section International 



Socialist Labour Party despite llir 
fact that there was, and is, no such 
body as the International S. L. I*. 
They pursued a policy of attacking 
the Party and at the same time <h* 
manding unity with it. In 1918, t 
membership, having forgotten f.lir 
old soreness, agreed to allow them to 
send a representative to the Parly 
Conference to make an appeal for 
unity. He was given the floor and 
immediately abused the privilege by 
lying statements. We quote from 
the report of the Conference. He 
said: 

" 'After the Edinburgh Branch 
had been expelled by the N.E.C, 
the expelled members were debarred 
from regaining admittance into the 
SjL.P. by constitutional means by 
reason of the fact that the following 
conference at Manchester adopted 
the Budgen-Murphy policy which, in 
his opinion, was reformist and could 
not be endorsed by the expelled 
Edinburgh Branch who therefore 
formed the B.S.I.S JL.P.' 

''That statement is doubly untrue. 
The Manchester Conference was 
held in 1912 and the B.S.I.S.L.P. 
was not formed till 1914. Secondly, 
that Manchester conference did. not 
change the Party policy at all. It 
merely reaffirmed the status quo. 
The Budgen-Murphy policy, so- 
called, was adopted at the Glasgow 
Conference two years earlier, fully 
eighteen months before the Edin- 
burgh mien were expelled. 

"Not content with that double 
falsehood, the gentleman then sought 
to misrepresent the S.L.P. of Amer- 
ica. We again quote the conference 
report of his speech: 

" 'He then read a letter from the 
Secretary American SjL.P. on the 
matter, expressing the view that, as 




76 



I hi I \v() organizations had the same 
(ib'H'clive, there was no reason for 
Ihrir remaining apart.' 

'"IMic facts were that Comrade 
IS'lcrscn had never made such a 
»*iiggrsli()n whatever. 

"In Ihe last few years they have, 
III rough some of their supporters 
Miigrnling to America, sought to in- 
jrcl suspicion and estrangement be- 
Iwt'cn the S.L.P. of America and 
Ih/il. of Gt. Britain, Always the 
nrrlhod is the same. They get to 
nil American Section and seek to in- 
Krnliate themselves as good S.L.P. 
I urn. Then they begin their rat- 
holr, underground tactics of attack 
iipcm the British Party. They never 
rnme into the open with a definite 
charge tha,t could be met and dis- 
proved. They prefer the skunks' 
inrlhod of spitting venom and keep 
lo mere suggestion of difference be- 
Ivvcen the two parties, that the Brit- 
Inh })arty is reformist and so forth. 
Never have we heard of their pro- 
ducing a tittle of evidence for the 
Hiander. They hope by constant 
suggestion to inject suspicion. 

"In conclusion, we should say that 
I hey have now, in the year 1936, 
again approached the S.L.P. thus: 

" 'We, the Edinburgh Branch of 
Ihc above-named Party (The B.S.I, 
S.L.P.) consider the time is propi- 
lious for the calling of a conference 
(»i" all working class organiza- 
lions in Edinburgh to discuss the 
(lut^stion of working class unity.' 

"And their precious letter closes 
with: 'We eagerly await your con- 
sidered reply.' Well, the SjL.P, 
jil least does not propose to unite 
with the so-called working class or- 
ganizations, including fake socialists, 
reformists, communist hooligans, etc. 
Decidedly not." 



As will be noted, the Edinburgh 
disrupters are identical in every im- 
portant respect to the domestic 
brand of scavengers and disrupters 
whose one "useful" function here 
may be .said to be to serve as a 
receptacle of the garbage and rub- 
bish discarded by the American S. 
L.P. Wherefore it might be sug- 
gested that the^r change their polyno- 
mial designation to B.S.LG.C, S.L.P. 
—i.e., British Section International 
Garbage Can Socialist Labor Party! 

Canada has already been briefly 
referred to in the foregoing. How- 
ever, since we have separate reports 
from our Canadian S.L.P. move- 
ment, and because of the increased 
activities, and increasing importance 
of our Canadian S.L.P., we are 
recording here extracts from some of 
these reports. From the report sub- 
mitted by the Canadian General Sec- 
retary to the convention held in To- 
ronto in November, 1935, the fol- 
lowing is quoted: 

"Comrades: 

"This, the third annual conven- 
tion of the Sections of the Socialist 
Labor Party in Canada, presents us 
once again with the opportunity to 
take stock of ourselves; to review 
our failures and successes, and, on 
the basis of experience and knowl- 
edge gained, lay ptans for future 
steps that will take us .steadily near- 
er our goal. The purpose of this 
convention, however, is not solely to 
lay plans for future activities; it 
should also serve as a source of in- 
spiration, helping us to meet future 
difficulties with a higher spirit and 
courage. 

"In reviewing the progress of the 
Party in Canada during the past 
year, one miay ,say that, on the whole, 



77 



and considering the difficulties con- 
fronting it, the Party has done re- 
markably well. There has been no 
phenomenal increase in membership 
or activities, but there has been, nev- 
ertheless, and much more to be de- 
sired, a .steady, healthy growth. Re- 
ports indicate that new contacts are 
being made and that our study 
classes are bending to the task of 
training new membership material. 
We have every reason to believe that 
the new material gained and the 
more complete training of the pres- 
ent membership, should result in 
greater and more effective efforts in 
the days we have before us. 

"During the past year the number 
of Sections in Canada has decreased 
by one. For some time Section 
North York*s membership was be- 
low the required minimum, and as 
the prospects of increasing the 
membership were not hopeful, it was 
decided by the National Office, on 
advice of Comrade Culshaw and the 
Canadian Sub^Committee, that the 
Section should be disbanded. The 
remaining four members of Section 
North York have been transferred to 
national members-at-large. There 
were three principal factors, in the 
opinion of your secretary, contrib- 
uting to the failure of Section 
North York to make good. First, it 
was organized prematurely. Second- 
ly, it was afforded practically no 
guidance or direction by trained S. 
L.,P. members. And, thirdly, it was 
organized in a sparsely settled dis- 
trict, difficult even for a well 
trained Section to work. The latter 
condition, of cour.se, we cannot help, 
but we should be very careful that 
prospective members are sufficiently 
grounded before attempting to or- 
ganize them into a Section. It is 



necessary also that, wherever pos- 
sible, trained S.:L.P. men should give 
the newly formed Section every nee- 
es.sary assistance, 

**The most marked events in the 
activities of the Party in Canada 
since our last convention were the 
tour of Comrade Culshaw and the 
federal elections campaign. Comrade 
Culshaw's stay in Canada was the 
longest m.ade by a national organizer 
since the Party was reorganized 
here. The tour itself was an out- 
standing success both from the point 
of view of propaganda efforts put 
forward and the help it afforded the 
membership in general. It is difficult 
to appraise the worth of such a tour 
and one of Comrade Culshaw's 
capacity, but it is assured that the 
impetus alone that is given to the 
Sections more than justifies the ef- 
forts and expenses involved. 

"Our campaign in the recent fed- 
eral elections was undoubtedly the 
greatest single effort ever put for- 
ward by the comrades in Canada. 
There were 76,000 Manifestoes 
printed and widely distributed 
throughout the country. ;No doubt 
through the distribution of Manifes- 
toes alone many thousands of work- 
ers came in contact with the S-sL.P. 
for the first time. True, as yet they 
do not heed, but the fact that they 
now know that such a party of So- 
cialism exists in Canada makes the 
effort worth while. Besides making 
new contacts through the literature 
distributed and meetings held during 
the campaign, we have been able to 
arouse a new hope and enthusiasm in 
some of the old-timers who seemed 
to have been lost in the struggle for 
existence. 

*'. . , .The organization of the So- 
cialist Labor Party may be com- 
78 



pared to a machine designed to turn 
oiil information. The general struc- 
lural principles of this mechanism 
\\n\'v been proven sound. But, al- 
Ihoiigli structurally sound, the scale 
on which this structural principle is 
applied and the efficiency with 
wliit'Ii each coordinating part per- 
lonns its allotted task, determines, 
iti the last analysis, the effectiveness 



the Sections in Canada are all active 
and well grounded in Party program 
and tactics. 

^'Sections Montreal, Toronto and 
Hamilton have carried on successful 
propaganda meetings the past .sea- 
son. Section London, while not hold- 
ing propaganda meetings, is never- 
theless keenly active, and now, since 
several industrial towns in its vicin- 



II I m: last aiiaiyisxo^ i/i±»- ^jlj.^^^^ , ^^ 

r li.e organization as a whole. And ity have IS.L.P. sympathizers, it will 



/IS the effectiveness of the organiza- 
liou depends upon the efficiency of 
its component parts, so the efficien- 
cy of each part in turn is determined 
l.y its individual equipment. For our 
purpose equipment miay be divided 
iiiidcr three headings, namely, 
hahimg, pluns for procedure and 
finances. It is not the object of this 
report to outline in detail any meth- 
(m1 of training the member.ship, plans 
ol" action or methods of improving 
our financial condition. These points 
iti our equipment, however, in the 
ttpinion of your secretary, cannot be 
o\ iremphasized and are respectfully 
Mid>mitted for the consideration of 
I his convention." 

And quite recently the following 
Inirf report was received from the 
(.resent General Secretary, our vet- 
rraii Comrade Edward Farrell: 

"April 4, 1936. 

"Mr. Arnold Petersen, 
"National Secretary, S.L.P. 
"Dear Comrade: 

"We herewith .submit oar report 
on Ihe Socialist Labor Party in Can- 
ada. 

"There are ^ve active Sections 
Willi a membership of sixty-one, also 
Htiinc. thirty members-at-large. All 
ihe Sections have been carrying on 
Nliidy classes for .several years, hence 



be exerting a guiding influence over 
them. 

*'In Ottawa, our energetic Com- 
rade D. Mc'Naughten has kept a 
study class going for a long time, 
and a Section will be organized there 
shortly. As in Hamilton, where 
Comrade James Collie kept -a study 
class going over two years prior to 
organizing a Section, Ottawa is 
bound to have a well po.sted and dis- 
ciplined organization from the start. 
"'SX.P, Activity in the West. 
''At Courtenay, B.C., Comrade 
Robert G. McQuillan has organized 
a study class of young men who ren- 
dered splendid support to Comrade 
Eric Has3 while he was there re- 
cently. Another Section may be 
looked for there soon. 

*Tn Vancouver, B.C., there is an 
active group of member,s-at-large, of 
the lapsed Section, and the splendid 
propaganda meetings organized there 
for Comrade Hass recently is an 
earnest that a new Section will be 
organized there soon. 

-'At Sardis, B.C., the S.LjP, has 
another group carrying on under the 
direction of Comrades Mrs. Anna 
Rehn and Fritz Siden, members-at- 
large. 

'Tn Calgary, Alberta, we have a 

young student of the S.LjP., in the 

home of 'Social Credit,' who has 

been carrying on active S.L.P. prop- 

79 



aganda among several young friends. 

"In Edmonton, Alberta^ there are 
two m ember s-at-large. A Section of 
the S.L.P. was organized in Edmon- 
ton some years ago and held out for 
a short period. While we have no 
information regarding activities 
there, it may be reasonably expected 
that our comrades in that far north- 
ern city are actively dissem.inating 
the message of the S.L.P. 

**At Kamsack^ SaskatcheW'an, there 
has been an active group, car- 
rying on steadily for several years. 
Comrades A. Nadane, P. F. Strelieff 
and S. A. Phillips, with others, have 
been doing valiant work there in an 
agricultural surrounding. 

'^ There are many other individuals, 
readers of the WEEKLY PEOPEE, 
scattered through the Western Prov- 
inces, who are actively spreading the 
message of the S.L.P. Much credit 
is due the WEEKtEY PEOP'LE for 
the steadfastness of these readers, 
isolated as they are, out of all con- 
tact with national organizers and the 
Party work, and with all kinds of 
'isms' whirling around them. The 
PEOPEE holds their interest and 
keeps them posted on current events 
on both sides of the class struggle, 
while they are getting a Socialist 
education. 

''On the Atlantic Coast^ in the 
steel and coal city of Sidney, Nova 
Scotia, we have a vigorous supporter, 
W. G. Rogers, and real progress is 
looked for there, 

''Ontario has a number of mem- 
bers~at-large and active sympathiz- 
ers who are doing their bit to spread 
the message of the S.iL.P. Also in 
Ontario we have a number of new 
contacts, through the advertisement 
carried in the Daily Star, by Section 
TorontOjf for its propaganda meet- 



ings. The advertisement never has 
the speaker's name, unless a nation- 
al organizer is present, but always 
carries three thought-provoking lines 
with the subject. 

**This makes our , advertisement 
stand out clearly with our direct 
challenge to capitalism, as against 
the reformistic advertisements of the 
C.C.F. and Anarcho-JCommunists, 
which are always boosting some in- 
dividual. We are 'finding that the 
workers throughout Ontario are no- 
ticing this advertisement and writing 
for information. 

"....As an instance of the in- 
quiries received, and the sending out 
of WEEKEY PEOPLES and ^leaf- 
lets: Two keen-minded workers in 
the town of Ingersoll w^ere con- 
tacted, then they were visited by 
Comrade Jos. H. Skelton, of Section 
London, with the result that eleven 
workingmen there are found to be 
interested in the S.L.P. Under the 
direction of Section London a study 
class is being organized, which may 
reasonably evolve into a Section, es- 
tablisiiing another outpost of the 
advance guard of the revolution in 
Canada. 

"A very striking thing that has 
come to us ^steadily in correspon- 
dence is that frequently these inter- 
ested persons have been reading 
C.CF. or AnarchonCommunist stuff, 
but after reading S.L.P. leaflets and 
the WEEiKLY PEOPLE sent to 
them, they have inidependently come 
to the conclusion that the S.L.P. is 
the only revolutionary party. Its con- 
structive program has appealed to 
them. 

''This proves over and over again 
what we of the S.L.P. have always 
contended, i.e., that the working 
class of this continent, from their 



i 



80 



constructive training in carrying on 
|)roduction and distribution, are too 
intelligent to allpw petty Anarcho- 
Ilcformers or Parliamentary career- 
ists to direct them. 

"In Windsor^ Ontario, one of the 
motor car cities in Canada opposite 
Detroit, some splendid agitation has 
hvcn done under the direction of Sec- 
lion Detroit, Comrades Fraser and 
Ciilshaw actively participating, and, 
while we have only one member-at- 
Inrge there, a Section may be ex- 
pected to be organized there in due 
I iinc. 

"A brief financial record of the 
expenditures of the ^ve Sections for 
IJ>,'{5 i,s as follows: 

"Dues and federal campaign, 
.t.n;U).77; Labor News literature, 
.tL^I.!>.41 ; WEEKLY PEOPLE, 
$.'il<i2.11; total amount expended, 
$J»2L2i9. 

"Respectfully and fraternally sub- 
mi tied, 

"Edward Farrell, 
"General iSecretary." 

With proper and persistent ef- 
loiis it should be possible soon to 
I'liild in Canada an iS.L-P. move- 
111(11 1 strong and powerful enough to 
uinkc its influence felt throughout 
llir Dominion. 



Party Press and Literature. 

During the last four-year period 
\\v have published, sold and distrib- 
tilrd immense quantities of sound 
Marxian literature. The enemies of 
'lir S.iL.P., and particularly the 
MricgMdes whose stock-in-trade is 
Mlnndcr and misrepresentation, who 
liuc lo prate about how small the 
S.E.I*, is, and who mockingly ask: 



"What do you accomplish?*', might 
reflect on the solid and indisputable 
fact til at great qumitities of the fin- 
est quality of revolutionary litera- 
ture are distributed every year by 
the S.L.P. This literature, these 
myriad-tongued pamphlets, leaflets 
and newspapers, is arguing and in- 
structing ceaselessly, even after some 
of those have gone who helped to 
distribute it. It was George Eliot 
who .said: "Our deeds are like chil- 
dren born to us: they live and act 
apart from our own will. Children 
may be strangled, but deeds never." 
An S.L.P. renegade, expelled in 
1917, who now holds a fat union 
job, said with unction recently 
(speaking about the S.L.P. of to- 
day) : "The unselfish devotion of 
this group [the S.L.P.] to the cause 
of Socialism is deserving of greater 
success." This hypocrite had previ- 
ously belittled the efforts of the Par- 
ty by saying that the iSX.P. was "a 
small group .... with no influence.** 
What greater success than to conti- 
nue to propagate the truth regard- 
less of traitors and renegades ? What 
greater lachievement than to survive 
the corrupting influence of capital- 
ism, with principles and integrity in- 
tact, while spurning the "success" 
of the lackeys of capitalism, the 
"success'* of the petty reformer? 
What greater "success** than ta 
maintain the organization which 
keeps the scientific literature of 
Marxism circulating? The same rene- 
gade speaks with double-tongued 
unctuousness! about the great writ- 
ings of De Leon. Who makes it pos- 
sible for these great writings to live 
in the present, and to speak with the 
eloquent, instructive and deed- 
inspiring voice of the great De 
Leon? But for the iSjL.P. that voice 



81 



i 



of Marxisim would be stilled; tem- 
porarily^ at least;, there would be si- 
lence in these United States — so 
silent would it be that^ for the time 
being, at least^ none would here sus- 
pect that there ever was a Marx or 
a De Leon, And so^ while the fat- 
bellied renegade and labor faker 
sneers at the present-day S.L.P.^ 
while hypocritically preening him- 
self with his e^-S.iL,P.ism^ and his 
present fleshpot success^ that "small 
group with no influence" does the 
only thing by which success in a rev- 
olutionary sense can be measured: 
propagates, teaches the living Marx- 
De Leon principles, while inspiring 
the workers with the spirit and feel- 
ing of men worthy to be free. 



Weekly Pe\ople Sale^, 

WEEKLY PEOPLE sales, in- 
cluding subscriptions and bundles, 
for the four j^ears were as follows: 

April 1, 1932-M.arch 31, 1933 

$13,374.17 
April 1, 19133-^March 31, 1934 

$11,2175.2.8 
April 1, 1934^March 31, 1935 

$13,720.78 
April 1, 1935~tMarch 31, 1936 

$12,301.70. 

Or a total sale for the four-year pe- 
riod of $50,671.93. There is a drop 
of about $1,419 for the last year as 
compared with the preceding year. 
On the other hand it is $3,000 above 
the corresponding year four years 
ago, i.e., the year preceding the 1932 
campaign. The increased figure in 
the year of 1932-1933 was, of 
course, due to the national campaign. 
Tlie high figure of 1934-1935 is ac- 



counted for largely in the tCircuil 
Lecture sub. sales. But whatever ex 
planations may be offered, the fad 
remains that there has been a dr(»|i 
of approximately $1,400 during Hm- 
last year when, if anything, there 
should have been an increase of at 
least that amount. Despite strenu- 
ous efforts, it lias not yet been pos'- 
sible for us to effect a permanent 
substantial increase in the circula- 
tion of the WEEKLY PEOPLE. 
The conspiracy of .silence practiced 
on the Party naturally extends to its 
official organ. But the more the 
enemy tries to suppress information 
concerning the Party and its litera- 
ture, the more vigorous should be 
our efforts to overcome and frustrate 
the efforts of our enemies. We 
know, of course, that at the present 
time the WEEKLY PEOPLE can- 
not become a paper with a mass cir- 
culation. The capitalist press as yet 
rules the field supreme. Not all the 
ballyhoo methods, not all the shoddy 
imitative attempts of the Anarcho- 
Communist and Social-^Democratic 
reformers have enabled them to in- 
crease the circulation of their pa- 
pers. Indeed, in the case of these 
cheap and vulgar imitations of the 
bourgeois papers (and mostly imita- 
tions of the yellow press at that) it 
may be said that the more they suc- 
ceed in increasing their circulation, 
the more they fail. This sounds 
paradoxical, but investigation and 
reflection will prove it to be other- 
wise. While these reform papers 
restrain their ballyhoo methods 
somewhat, their circulation goes 
down, or remains stationary. When 
they begin to imitate the capitalist 
press, they may for a while succeed 
in boosting their circulation .some- 
what. But after a while the new 



r 



readers will discover that the very 
"i'eatures" through which they were 
luillyhooed into becoming readers of 
llicsc reform sheets are shoddy imi- 
Inlions of the daily papers which 
llicy had been in the habit of read- 
ing. No one in his senses will pay 
lor a vulgar and cheap imitation 
wlicn the **genuine" article can be 
purcliased as cheaply. The result 
is, of course, that they stop buying 
\\\v imitation, and resume the read- 
ing of the out-and-out bourgeois pa- 
pers. As De Leon pointed out, cap- 
Hal ist papel-,s do not sell news, but 
nthertisements, or space for adver- 
tisements. "The news,'* said De 
I /ton, "in a capitalist paper is only 
what the electric illumination and 
nllicr such attractions are to a 
si ore.'* And he goes on to point out 
Hint the capitalist papers live and 
prosper on a species of blackmail; 
lliat the sort of "service" offered so 
lavishly by the capitalist press has 
Income a narcotic to its proletarian 
renders — a narcotic from which they 
niiLst be gradually weaned. A iSo- 
cialist newspaper, he continued, can- 
not hope to attract readers by the 
methods of the capitalist press. "It 
iiHist realize," he argued, ''that 
ninety-nine out of every hundred of 
lis readers will stick to the Egyptian 
(Irshpots of the capitalist 'news' pa- 
pers .... It must .... follow the 
(■actics, not of attempting to dispute 
llieir field with the capitalist 'news' 
(•(uitemporaries, but, first, of seeking 
lo share their readers; and then, as 
nri ultimate aim, to strip them of 
llieir proletarian dupe-audience, to- 
gether with those in sympathy with 
Ilicse. Even such a course will en- 
en imter serious financial obstacles. 



82 



But these obstacles it is possible to 
overcome. The oppmite course leads 
straight to dismter; ten to one to 
ignominious disaster..." Above all, 
De Leon warned against what he 
designated " 'corner-grocer's' style 
of fraudulent self-advertising," as 
particularly exemplified at that time 
in the Victor Berger sheet, the Mil- 
wmikee Leader, 

These freakish and fraudulent 
methods of self-advertising, of 
"Pullerinism," are employed today 
particularly by the reform sheet, the 
Uaily Worker, and each attempt of 
this paper to boost its circulation by 
fake methods serves but to empha- 
size the correctness of De Leon's 
diagnosis. The Hearst-Maefadden 
publications^ in particular, reason 
something like this: Get readers by 
smearing sensationalism and obsce- 
nities all over tlie pages, and then 
we shall hold them through in- 
creased doses of .sensationalism and 
obscenities. For sensationalism is 
like a narcotic, "a shot in the arm": 
it must be administered in increas- 
ing quantities, and with increasing 
frequency, in order "to take." The 
Anarcho-Communists, and the re- 
formers in general, argue: Get read- 
ers by smearing sensationalism and 
lurid stories all over the pages of our 
publications, and whem we get them 
we shall teach them Socialism, They 
overlook the fatal flaw in this rea- 
soning. For since they must con- 
tinue to get new readers, and if these 
are to be got by sensationalism, etc., 
when imll they begin to teach ''So- 
cialism''? Either they must stop 
sensationalism, and then readers are 
not attracted; or they must continue 
83 



1 



sensationalism^ and in increasing 
doses> and then they never start to 
teach '^Socialism" — on the contrary, 
they are engaged in hopeless and 
stupid competition with the very pa- 
pers which they would like to^ but 
cannot possibly^ .supplant. As De 
Leon so forcefully put it (in 1900) : 

''A Socialist paper that proceeds 
upon the policy of first 'roping in* 
readers with all sorts of claptrap^ 
and then^ their having become read- 
ers^ turn them into Socialists — isuch 
a paper belongs in a lunatic asylum. 
When is the period to begin for *So- 
cialist articles'? New readers are 
constantly nibbling at such a paper. 
Shall the Socialist articles be put off 
until the nibblers are 'hooked' f Why, 
fresh nibblers are at their heels. The 
putting off of the Socialist teaching 
will have to be indefinite. If such a 
paper is not crazy^ then it is 
crooked.'* 

In the light of our experience it is 
safe to say that .such papers are as 
crazy as they are crooked. It would 
require more than the wisdom of 
Solomon to know where to cut off 
the crooked without '^bleeding" the 
crazy part^ and vice versa. And as 
to ballyhoo methods^ De Leon ob- 
served on one occasion: "Nervous 
reaction is sure to follow upon all 
hurrah campaigns. ... It is a prin- 
ciple that holds good in sociology as 
well as in biology that 'when the ef- 
fect produced is not in direct rela- 
tion or in equal proportion to its 
cause, disintegration begins' !" 

But although we know that the 
WEEKLY PlEOPLE cannot achieve 
a mass circulation now or for some 
time to come^ either by ballyhoo or 
legitimate methods^ we do know that 
its circulation can be materially in- 
creased by legitimate methods if our 



members and sympathizers make up 
their minds to effect the increase. 1 1 
is hoped that this convention may 
conceive of some new method where- 
by the members and .sympathizers 
generally may become thorouglily 
convinced that it is possible to in- 
crease the circulation of the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE, at the same 
time stirring the membership, etc., to 
do that which we conceive to be pos 
sible. It is with regret that we musi 
acknowledge that the Circuit Lee 
tore plan was a failure with respccl 
to increasing the WEEKLY PEO 
PLE subscription list, though in 
other respects it may be designated 
successful. 

Commenting on this importatil 
question in his report to the recenl 
Washington state convention, Com- 
rade Krauklis, our state secretary, 
said: 

"Our official organ, the WEEK- 
LY PEOPLE, as we all will admit, 
is the best medium of spreading the 
S.L.P. principles and clarifying the 
minds of the workers, but in this re- 
spect we have to say that the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE sub. list in this 
state shows very little or no prog- 
resis We not only failed to se- 
cure more subs, from outside our 
ranks, but some of our members for 
some reason fail to subscribe regu- 
larly to our official organ. How can 
we expect a member to represent the 
S.L.P. intelligently, when he or .she 
is lacking in information as to the 
Party principles, tactics and revolu- 
tionary stand, which is so well pre- 
sented in every issue of the WEEK- 
LY PEOPLE?" 

The point, at any rate, should sink 
in that the increase in complete So- 
cialist knowledge and understanding 
in this country is almost in direct 



84 



n In I ion to the increase in the circu- 
Inlioii of the WEEKLY PEOPLE, 
lor tlie spoken word alone cannot 
mnlv<' Socialists. Leaflets alone can- 
iinl do so; they can and frequently do 
nicUr to a further study of Marxism, 
vvli it'll then normally proceeds via 
ll.r WEEKLY PEOPLE to the 
books and pamphlets published by 
iIh Party. And only those who 
li'uc read, studied and understood 
tiff I he literature' published and rec- 
• tniinended by the S.LjP., may be 
••/lid to be full-fledged Socialists, 

Nfany methods have been sug- 
gested time and again in the past 
lor increasing the circulation of the 
\\'l':h:KLY PEOPLE, but one of the 
< /isii'st, and at times the most effec- 
\i\i\ is to place copies on news- 
Hlaiids. Wherever this is attempted, 
I In- Sections should supervise the 
mailer. Many newsstands would 
|tr<dKibly not want to be bothered, 
lull many others would be willing to 
Iry. It must not be expected, how- 
t\v\\ that the new.sdealer will stand 
the loss of unsold copies, and gener- 
nlly speaking the WEEKLY PEO- 
\*\A'\ cannot afford to take back un- 
Hiiid copies. The Sections might se- 
lect one or more of the most promis- 
liiLs; stands and place two or more 
e(t|nes for sale. What the news- 
dealer cannot sell the Section would 
\\n\v to take back, and such unsold 
copies could be distributed free as 
H/imple copies. The .smallest bundle 
nr<ler the WEEKLY PEOPLE can 
neiept at bundle order rates is five 
eopies, but it should prove no se- 
I'loiis difficult}'- for any Section to 
|>.'i\ the small amount of roughly 14 
eetils per week for such a bundle. 
Advertising cards are supplied free. 
These can be displayed on the stand 
or ill the neighborhood. If every 



Section would try out this idea, the 
circulation would by that fact alone 
be increased considerably. In his re- 
port to the recent 'New Jersey state 
convention. Comrade Bopp, state or- 
ganizer, makes a few .suggestions, 
and recounts the experiences of some 
of our New Jersey comrades, with 
respect to increasing the WEEKLY 
PEOPLE circulation, which may be 
of value to comrades elsewhere. The 
following is quoted from the report: 

''I have sent out regularly 2;5 to 
30 copies per month to names culled 
from the various daily papers of the 
state, together with a batch of as- 
sorted leaflets. Some few respond 
asking more information. None have 
objected thus far. This method is 
also recommended to the member- 
.sliip. The expense is about the price 
of admission to a good movie month- 
ly for the copies of the WEEKLY 
PEOPLE used and the postage 
amounts to 50 cents or 60 cents per 
month, which I am sure your Sec- 
tion will be only too glad to help you 
out with if you cannot afford this 
sum monthly in addition to all your 
other Party obligations. 

"The new.s stand sale of the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE does not fare 
so well, with the exception of New- 
ark where from 10 to 15 copies are 
sold weekly. One method of in- 
creasing newsstand sales has been 
suggested by Comrade V. L. Rey- 
nolds that I pass along to you. Go 
to the neighborhood newsstands, 
principally confectionery stores, 
drug stores, etc., and acquaint the 
proprietor of Siame with your plan 
for an advertising campaign in his 
territory to stimulate the sale of the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE which you in- 
tend to place on his stand. The plan 
is as follows: 



85 



"I. Sclt'ii an iivvn within t-asy 
walkiiii!; (UHlaiut' of the rontemplated 
stand, in wliich to distribute three 
sample copies of the WEEKLY 
PEOPLE for a period of three 
weeks. Cover every house and 
apartment within the selected dis- 
trict religiously. 

"2. lAttach a sticker to your first 
sample copy reading: 'This is your 
sample copy of the only journal of 
scientific iSocialism published in the 
EngliSih language. Read it careful- 
ly. It is written and published ex- 
clusively for you and your fellow 
working men and women.* 

*'3. To the second sample copy 
attach another sticker reading: 'This 
is your second sample copy of the 
official organ of the Socialist Labor 
Party of America. Did you read the 
first copy we left for you? Did you 
like it.? If not, why not.? We shall 
be glad to call to discuss ways of 
improving it^ if you will notify us 
at the above address. (Section 
stamp.) Or better yet, call around at 
our (Section meeting (location herein 
designated) and let's talk it over.' 

**4. Attach a sticker to the third 
and final copy reading: *This is your 
last free copy of the WEEKLY 
PEOPLE. If you desire to continue 
reading it, it may be obtained from 
your neighborhood .stand (location) 
at 5 cents per copy. If you want 
to make sure of getting it regularly 
every week, we suggest you sub- 
scribe for it at the following rates. 
(Rates.)* 

''In this way the entire territory 
under the jurisdiction of a tSection 
can be worked over with a fine comb 
and if followed systematically as 
herein outlined there isn't any ques- 
tion about increasing sales.'' 

Other methods may be tried out. 



hill ol" one Ihiiig we may be <'trlalft7' 
and that is that iinlil llic VVtJM.V 
l^lvOPLlj becomes bcUcr kru)\vii in 
wider working class circles we shall 
not make the progress tlial Ihr liim-H 
and our total eifforts otherwise won hi 
make possible. 

IL 

Labor Nezm Sales und Acthnihes, 

During the four-year period llir 
.sales of books, pamphlets, Icafh'Ls, 
etc., were as follows: 



1932-1933 
1933-1934 
1934-1935 
1935-1936 



$4,852.51 

11,275.28 

6,6134.78 

6,954.45 



Or a total for the four-year period 
of close to $30,000. The previoiiM 
four-year period the amount was 
only about $15,000. WEEKLY 
PEOIPLE and Labor News sales, 
accordingly, amounted to approxi 
mately $80,000 for the four years, 
or an average of $20,000 per year. 
As will be noted, there was a large 
falling off in sales in the year 1934- 
1935, although last year's sales were 
about $300 higher than the year pre- 
ceding (i.e., 1934-1935), and it is 
$2,700 higher than the year preced- 
ing the campaign of 1932. But ev- 
erything considered, the amount is 
disappointingly low, considering the 
times we are pasising through. We 
are continuing to reprint the stand- 
ard pamphlets, and new titles are 
brought out as frequently as the 
need may dictate, and finances make 
possible. Among the most recent 
and important books and pamphlets 
that we have published may be men- 
tioned De Leon's "Socialist Econom- 
ics in Dialogue," this being the vol- 
ume containing selected Uncle Sam 



m 



'Mid Itrollit r ,f (HI a III an (lialni;it(S, 
fUid. iticidciilally, llic (irsl vohinu' in 
whni will ('\'cnliially become the Col- 
li (I rd Works of Daniel De Leon. 

Ill Mt.'tT) vvc commenced publica- 
limi of wiial vvc hope to make a reg- 
ular aimiial, namely. First of May, 
Tlir I!t3(> is;sue is just out. It has 
iihI vvilli universal favor, and should 
jtMur nil excellent means for intro- 
dihiiig- our standard publications to 
Ml w renders. The 1935 issue was 
»n trsubscribed. At least 500 more 
• Mpirs could have been sold if we 
had had them. This year, accord- 
ti»^,ly, we printed 500 more than a 
sviw ago, and at the present rate 
iIh y will probably be sold out before 
iIh convention is over. 

The following is a list of the titles 
III hooks and pamphlets, and quan- 
liltrs printed during the last year: 

-Vliolilion of Poverty (originally 
r'alher Gassoniana) De Leon, 
V'Jpp. 2,200 

\ni(ricanism (A. and H. No. 3), 
(). M. Johnson, 48pp 2,300 

As loPolitics, De Leon, 128pp. 1,125 

H/ilIot and the Class Struggle, 

I )c Leon, 48pp 2,100 

< rises in European History, 

Hang, 64pp 3,000 

n/mitd De Leon (American So- 
cialist Pathfinder), O. M. 
Johnson, 3i2pp 1,000 

I iigli Cost of Living and Money, 
l*ctersen-De Leon, 56pp. . .2,100 

Industrial Democracy (A. & H. 
No. 16), Eric Hass, 32pp.. .3,000 

Industrial Unionism — new (2 
printings), O.M, Johnson, 
I28pp 3,350 

IndiLstrial Unionism, De Leon- 
Debs, 36pp 2,100 

Machinery and the Working 
Class (A. & H. No. 18), J. P. 



(^liinn, ;i'j:pp 2,200 

Itcronn or l{.f\'olut ion, l)c Leon, 

3(Ji)p 3,350 

Religion of Capital^ Paul Laf argue, 

32pp 1,125 

Revolution (2 printings), new, 

O. M. Johnson and A. Peter- 
sen, 64pp 4,325 

Socialist Economics in Dialogue, 

new, De Leon, 272pp., cloth 2,000 
Socialist Reconstruction of 

ciety, De Leon, 64pp 3,250 

Ten Canons of the Proletarian 

Revolution, De Leon, 32pp.. 1,000 
Value, Price and Profit, Marx, 

96pp 2,100 

First of May (Magazine), new, 

40pp 2,500 

Total 44,125 

Disruption and Disrupters (Party 
Manual), new, A. Petersen, 
48pp ....5,000 

Grand total 49,125 

During the year the following leaf- 
lets were printed: 

The American Agricidtural Work- 
er (originally The American 
''Peasant") (corrected, etc.) 

4pp 17,000 

Ana rcho- Communism, 2pp. . , 1 5,000 
Capitalism Must Be Destroyed, 

4pp 72,000 

(with Washington imprint) 10,000 
Capitalism on Trial, 2 pp. . .25,000 
Communist Heckling, 4pp. . . 1 5,000 
The Future Order of Society, 

4pp 40,000 

Tlie Government of the Future, 

2pp 35,000 

The Industrial Union, 2pp. . .55,000 
(with Washington imprint) 10,000 
Industrial Union Government, 

2pp 15,000 

87 



Total printed April 1, 1935- 

March 31, 1936 770,000 

On hand April 1, 1935 107,100 

Total 877400 

Distributed during the year — • 

650,600 

On hand March 31, 1936 22-6,500 



The Machine and Unemployment, 

2pp 50,000 

A Marine Workers' Industrial 

Union, 2pp 30,000 

Platform S.L.P., 1932, 4pp. 50,000 
(with Washington imprint) 10,000 

Revolution, 2pp 15,000 

The S.L.P. vs. the S.P., 4pp. 32,000 
Socialist Party on the Rocks, 

2pp 10,000 

What Is Capitalism?, 2pp. ..35,000 We had planned also to publish in 
What Is Socialism?, 2pp. . . .67,000 book form the Socialist Study 'Course 

Whither Society?, 2pp 40,000 that was reprinted in newspaper 

Why Workers Strike, 2pp. ..15,000 format from the WEEKLY PEO- 
Workers, Organize for Industrial PLE, but as yet nothing has come 

Government, new, 2pp. . , . 42^000 of it. 

During the four-year period be- 
ginning April 1, 1932, the Party dis- 
Special Leaflets: tributed a total of approximately 

5,550,000 leaflets throughout the 
California: The Right to Revolu- country. 

tion (An Open Letter to Gov- j^ ^q^^ .Comrade Hillis of Section 

ernor Merriam), 4pp 10,000 j^j^j^^ Mass., conceived the idea of 

Louisville, Ky.: Workers of publishing a Socialist Labor Party 

Kentucky, 2pp 10,000 calendar, with datcis of outstanding 

Michigan: Old vs. New Unionism, importance to Socialists in general, 

2pp 25,000 ^^^ American Socialists in particu- 

Oklahoma: To the Workers of j^j. ^pj^^^^ ^^.^j. ^^^ g^i^j 2^375 of the 

Oklahoma, 2pp 20,000 calendar, while in 1935 the total 

" quantity sold was 3,800. This cal- 

r,i . ^ ^ ^ ^ 770 000 endar, too, seems to have met with 

popular approval. 

There is a suggestion from Sec- 
New leaflets are printed as often tjo^ Montreal to translate a few of 
as possible, and leaflets somewhat the standard pamphlets into French, 
out of date are brought up to date that language being spoken and read 
regularly. Among the present stand- extensively in Canada. The resolu- 
ard agitation leaflets some need to be tion adopted by Section Montreal 
revised, and this will be done just follows: 
as soon as time can be found to give 
to the task. The following new 
leaflets are in preparation: " 'Fas- 
cism, Can It Happen Here?"; *'The 
War to End War'*; ''Capitalism in 
Dissolution.'* The total quantity of 
leaflets distributed during the year 
is as follows: 



*' Whereas, French is equally with 
English the official language of Can- 
ada and is, moreover, the language 
of instruction in all French com- 
munities from coast to coast and is, 
therefore, not a foreign language in 
that country ; an^ 



■'W'iicreas, French is also the fam- 
ily s[)ecch of many thousands of 
Americans, notably in the New Eng- 
land states; and 

"VVherea*s, The rapid p role tar ian- 
i/jilion of the ^habitant' farmers of 
(^lu'bec can easily result in a dan- 
gerous situation if these people re- 
nin in under the influence of Ultra- 
mo n I ani,sm operating in the guise of 
An a iv'lio- Communism and that, con- 
Hcinuntly, there is imperative need 
for revolutionary propaganda among 
I hrm ; and 

"Whereas, The forces of Reaction, 
r\j>loiting the racial pride of a so- 
ml led 'conquered people' render it 
ilidicult to approach them through 
llir medium of the English tongue; 
(inil 

"Whereas, The S.L.P. subdivi- 
'nons in iCanada have no French 
s|»rjiker,s and are, furthermore, finan- 
i \n\ly unable to undertake the print- 
ini»- of French language literature; 
I Inrcfore be it 

"Ilesolved, That the Socialist La- 
Inn* Party in convention assembled 
make provision for the publishing of 
a err tain amount of Socialist litera- 
hirc in the French language. 

"'Hie foregoing resolution adopted 

n\ the regular meeting of Section 

Montreal, SjL.P., held April 2, 1936. 

*'Elwood Kitchin, Organizer, 

* 'Section Montreal, SjL.P., 

**Montreal^ Canada.*' 

Considering the size of our mem- 
Ih rship, it .sometimes seems as if our 
linnrades are not doing as much as 
Jh possible under the present condi- 
limis to sell the Party '.s books and 
|)ampldets. Let every member ask 
Inmsclf whether he is doing every- 
lliing within his power, and in keep- 
ini;- with the opportunities that al- 



most thrust themselves upon one, to 
sell the Party's fine literature. One 
comrade, Herman Simon, of Connec- 
ticut, has shown what can be done 
in a purely individual way with tact 
and persuasion. Comrade Simon suc- 
ceeded in having placed on sale at 
the Yale Cooperative Book Store 
S.L.P. pamphlets, and siince April 
19, 1935, a total amount of $77 
worth of S.L.P. pamphlets has been 
sold through that book store. This 
is indeed a splendid result. Would 
that other comrades would take the 
hint and do likewise. 

Our Language Federations, and 
our Greek and Ukrainian comrades, 
are regularly bringing out transla- 
tions, etc., of S.L.P. books and pam- 
phlets in their respective languages. 
But for the California disruption, 
the Sue Books would probably have 
been reprinted by this time. That 
they are not yet available is another 
item to be scored up against the 
fools and villains we had to deal 
with in California during the year. 
Comrade Lieberman of New York 
had advanced an initial payment of 
several hundred dollars, and we were 
all set to figure out the possibilities, 
etc., when things began to happen in 
California. Every effort will be 
made to get out a new edition in the 
near future. Another w^ork the pub- 
lication of which has been unavoid- 
ably delayed (and chiefly for the 
same reason) is the amplified new 
edition of ''Who Are the Falsifiers?" 
Despite repeated exposures in the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE, the Anarcho- 
Communist crooks and their Russian 
allies have repeated the audaciously 
fake statements concerning the SJ\L. 
P. edition of Engels's preface to 
''Class Struggles in France" by 
Marx. Comrades Cotton, of Lon- 



89 



f 



don, and Wedei% of New York^ have 
both helped materially in exposing 
the villainies of the un;Scrupulous 
Bakiminists who parade under the 
name of 'Communists. Without un- 
reasonable delay, this book will be 
brought out. Then there is in con- 
templation a booklet on the subject 
of **Money'' by De Leon, and a spe- 
cial introduction for Marx's ''Wage 
Labor and Capital." This pamphlet 
contajrLS a number of archaic expres- 
sions — ^as for example when "cost of 
production'' is us;ed as a synonym 
for or rather instead of tlie scientific 
term "value/' Finally we hope to 
bring out in the near future a new 
edition of De Leon's ''Vulgar Econ- 
omy" which has been out of print 
for nearly twenty years. It needs 
some minor corrections, and a new 
introduction^ etc. 

The question of a suitable and ac- 
ceptable edition of Marx's "Capital" 
continues to plague us. Several spu- 
rious "editions" have appeared in re- 
cent years. Quite recently The 
Modern Library^ Inc., which spe- 
cializes in reprinting classics at low 
prices^ announced that a new edition 
of "Capital" was about to be pub- 
lished to sell at $1 per volume. On 
January 24, 1936^ the National iSec- 
retary of the Party communicated 
with the publishers^ suggesting that 
they use the Swann iSonnenschein 
edition for their new edition. At- 
tention was called specifically to 
page 687 in the so-called Kerr edi- 
tion to a stupid interpolation not 
contained in the oi'iginal edition 
which was specifically approved by 
Engels. The following is quoted 
from one of the letters written by 
the National Secretary: 

"In further reply to your letter 



of February 10, wc desire to potnl 
out to 3^ou one of the idiocits ami 
errors contained in the so-called Kerr 
edition of 'Capital' by Karl Marx, 
which idiocies, etc., presumably will 
be reproduced in your forthcoming 
edition of Marx'.s great work. 1 1" 
you will refer to page 687 of flir 
Kerr edition you will find the fol 
lowing : 

" 'Competition and credit, the l\v(» 
most powerful levers of competition, 
develop in proportion as capitalist 
production and accumulation do.' 

"I need hardly point out in dr 
tail how absurdly tautological tluil 
statement is. If you ignore tlie rcf 
erence to 'credit,' the statemeni 
would then read: 'Competition, tlic 
most powerful lever of competition . * 
Needless to ,say, Marx was not gu il 
ty of such an absurdity. That pas 
sage is not found in the original and 
genuine Sonnenschein edition, which 
was expressly approved by Frederick 
Engels, It was inserted by the char- 
latans who 'edited' and 'amended' 
Marx ! 

"There was once in American po 
litical history a charlatan who came. 
to be known as Professor Green- 
goods. His victims were referred to 
as victims of Greengoodsism. By con- 
sulting the charlatans and fakers op- 
erating here as 'Communists/ you 
fell an easy, and apparently quite 
happy and contented^ prey to a later 
Greengoodsism. In short, you have 
.suffered the fate of all who allow 
themselves to be guided or treated 
by quacks. And since you are de- 
termined to publish the volume now 
in preparation, with all its errors, 
and unauthorized 'additions' and 
'editing,' you cannot escape your 
share of the censure justly visited 
upon the original culprits." 



Nonchalantly these petty bour- 
M« ois pnblisliers of Marx's immortal 
\\\ivk (what a contradiction in terms 

petty bourgeois publishers and 
'C*it>it-/ir' !) told us that they had 
\ui\\ advised by the Anarcho-Com- 
Miiinisl fakers and pervert ers of 
Mm IX ism to use the Kerr edition, 

• othhiding impudently: "And that's 
llinl." Yes, that is that, and that is 
H disgrace to the Socialist movement 
In I Ills country that such things are 
[».i'isil)l(^ and tolerated. During the 
lilriinic of De Leon the Sonnen- 
•M lie in edition was available, which 

• naldcd him to advise inquirers to 
M.( I hat edition, only since, as he 
pnl il, there was no time to "ascer- 
hiin whether other editions have, or 
\\n\v not 'amended Marx,* a la 
Spargo." We know now that all 
nllirr editions, so-called, are defec- 
\\\v in one respect or another. Ap- 
(inrmtly there will be no satisfac- 
l<»rv edition of "Capital" until the 
S.I-.l*. publishes one. 

< )ccasionally references are made 
lo "Volumes IL and III. of 'Capi- 
tal.' " It is noted with regret that 
Nonic of our S.L.P. writers and stu- 
d( Ills occasionally quote from these 
ndtimes when THE volume (mis- 
Ink tidy called Volume I.) could just 
«H well be quoted. "Volumes 1 1. 
luid III.'* as such were not, as a 
Miallcr of fact, written by Marx. 

I hrse so-called Volumes II. and III. 
id "C!apital" consist of memoranda, 
nidcs, unfinished outlines and con- 
jrclural sketches by Marx which he 
Ml \rr authorized for publication. In 

.' ^liY as the German edition is con- 
rrrmul these were largely prepared 
by I^Vederick Engels. But Engels 

I s(df, with scrupulous regard for 

I hi' facts, honestly admits certain 
diMd)ls as to parts of the notes^ etc., 



left by Marx. In his preface to 
"Volume II." (written two j^ears be- 
fore his death) Engels admits th.at 
the notes of Marx were exceedingly 
sketchy and incomplete, and written 
in obvious haste, and under stress of 
the severe illneas which soon there- 
after terminated the life of Marx. 
Among other things Engels ob- 
serves: "Some parts of the argument 
would be fully treated, OTHERS 
OF EQUAL IMPORTAINiCE 
ONLY INDICATED." Again : 
"The material to be used for the il- 
lustration of facts would be col- 
lected, but barely arranged, much 
less worked out. At the o^nciimon 
of the chapters there xmuld he only 
a few INCOHERENT sentences as 
milestones of the INCOMPLETE 
DEDUCTIONS, showing the haste 
of the author in passing on to the 
next chapter. And finally, THERE 
WAS THE WELL KNOWiN 
HANDWiRITING WHICH MARX 
HIMiSELF WAS SOMETIMES 
UNABLE TO DECIPHER.'' And 
of the .so-called third volume, En- 
gels said in 1894 (six months before 
his death) : "Nothing was available 
for the third volume but a first draft, 
and it was very incomplete .... the 
farther one proceeded, the more 
sketchy and incomplete w^as the 
analysis, the more excursions it made 

into side issues the longer and 

more complex became the sentences. 
In several places the handwrit- 
ing and the treatment of the matter 
clearly revealed the approach and 
gradual progress of tho.se attacks of 
ill health which at first ren- 
dered original work more and more 
difficult for the author and finally 
compelled him from time to time to 
stop work altogether." And of a cer- 
tain part Engels said that at this 



90 



91 



point **Marx had been overtaken by 
one of those above-mentioned serious 
attacks of illnes.s/' wherefore, ac- 
cordingly^ ' Ve had no finished draft, 
nor even a\n online which might have 
been perfected, hut only u firist at- 
tempt M an elaboratiofn, which mare 
thorn, anc^ ended in a disarranged 
nia^^ of notes y comments and ex- 
tracts." 

Finally we are to remember that 
Engels himself was aging rapidly, 
and subject to the same interrup- 
tions, more or less^ that he refers 
to in the case of Marx. He was past 
seventy when he was working on 
these bits and scraps left by Marx. 
As he himself puts it (speaking of 
himself) : ''When a man is past ;sev- 
enty, his brain fibres of association 
work with a certain disagreeable 
slowness. He does not overcome in- 
terruptions of difficult theoretical 
problems as easily and quickly as 
formerly/' 

Commenting on these volumes^ De 
Leon said: 

"In no legitimate sense is there 
such a thing as a lid. and Illd. vol- 
ume of 'Capital^' meaning, of course, 
Marx's 'Capital/ as the volumes pur- 
port to be Without derogating 

in the slightest from the eminent 
services rendered by Engels to the 
cause of Socialism, or from his abil- 
ity — ^on the contrary^ with all the 
veneration that is due to Engels as 
a founder of Scientific Socialism^ the 
two volumes he issued after Marx's 
death are not Marx's. A man's 
works^ especially in the instance of 
a man of Marx*s caliber, consist only 
of what ihe issued in his life, or left 
ready for publication after his life. 
The lid, and Hid. volumes were 
not published in Marx's life; more 
than that, Marx did not leave them 



ready for publication; worse yet, 
they consist to a great extent, if not 
mainly^ of rough drafts, of memo- 
randa, sometimes notes, that Engels 
himself stated in all frankness he 
had difficulty in deciphering. ...... 

Not even a man of Engels's intel- 
lectual inches, not even when such a 
man was in full accord with and the 
close associate of another, as Engels 
was with and of Marx, can his ver- 
sion and rendition of that other's 
hurriedly jotted-down notes and in- 
complete sketches be considered the 
work of that other; — when that 
other is a man of Marx',s exception- 
al mental acquirements and powers 
least of all. The two volumes is- 
sued by Engels are essentially a 
monument raised to a dear friend- 
ship, a pious tribute to the shades 
of one of the world's giants," 

It is necessary to remember these 
things lest too much importance be 
attached to these so-called second 
and third volumes of "Capital." Nor 
must the fact be overlooked that the 
English translations (made by the 
S.P. faker and charlatan Unter- 
mann) render them still more sub- 
ject to doubts and reservations. We 
have already seen what happened to 
the first, i.e., the only authentic vol- 
ume of "Capital," after it pasised 
through the hands of the S.P. faker. 
One shudders at the thought of what 
he may have done to the so-called 
Volumes II. and III. 

For all practical and useful pur- 
poises the volume (so-called first) of 
"Capital" published by Marx is suf- 
ficient. Persons interested in Cu- 
rios cue may read through the two ad- 
ditional volumes and derive some 
pleasure therefrom. The prefaces 
written by Engels are interesting 
and instructive. For the rest only 



92 



I Ik- interminable wrangler, or the De Leon Editorial Publication 
(K tianlic contender^ will find it nee- Fund: 

I'smiry to read, let alone study, the Sections (Greater New York De 

'niHtcryphar' volumes. Leon celebration)^ $102. 5'3. 



Party Funds. 

The following is a record of pro- 
• ' <<Is from entertainments ap- 
|ilit(l to various Party funds 
( M mounts shown are included in 
,iM/iM(l totals) : 

\*vt'SH (Security Fund: 

S ret ions, $704.17; Sections and 
Hrjinehes, $32i6.86; Federations 
(coHected at South Slavonian 
hnn(jiict), $1,000; Miscellaneous 
( Weekly People Clubs — ^Akron, 
U OS ton, Salem, O., Mansfield, 
i.ynn), $119.67. 
'I'otal, $2,150.70. 

\\'<rkly People Bazaar Fund: 
Sc'ctions, $404.68 ; Sections and 
Itranches, $42.40; Branches, $10.- 
05; Federations (collected at Bul- 
garian convention), $23.2(5; Mis- 
(•rllaneous, $153.98; Proceeds 
Ohio -State Bazaar, $272.57. 
Total, $906.93. 

< lirlstmas Box: 

Collected at annual convention 
Uulgarian S.L.F., $1,284.70. 

\nli(mal Organizer Fund: 

Sections, $675.27; Sections and 
[tranches, $6.20; Federations: 'So. 
Slavonian picnic, $6; Miscella- 
neous, $2;8. 
'I\>tal, $715.47. 

[i/iilio Broadcasting Fund: 
Sections, $394,46; Federations 
(collected at Bulgarian conven- 
lion), $15.85. 
Total, $410.31. 



Grand total, $5,570.64. 

Grand totals of funds received from 
April 1, 1935, to March 31, 1936. 

Press ISecurilty Fund — 

$3,641,10 

Guard' — 

$2, 160.30 $5,801.40 



Christmas Box 



$2,034,71 



Weekly 'People Thanksgiving- 
Bazaar Fund: 

National Ofi'ice Cash 
Donations^ — 

f2>28:5.11 
Received through 
Mrs. Rose Weinberger, treas. — 

$1,077.01 ;$3,:362.12 



Net grand total Press Funds — 

$11,198.23 

National iOrganizer Fund $6,138.05 
Radio Broadcasting Fund $2,268.43 
De Leon Editorial 
Publicaition Fund $134.53 

Ukrainian Literature Fund $31.75 



Net grand total aUl funds — 

$19,770.99 



The total amonnt collected for the 
press funds is, accordingly, a little 
over $11,000 as against approxi- 
mately $9,750 a year ago. Particu- 
larly noteworthy is the result of our 
Thanksgiving Day affair, the amount 



93 



of the last affair topping all pre- 
vious records with the amount of 
$3,362.12, as against $3,064.84 the 
year before. This magnificent result 
is due in part to the fact that Sec- 
tions and at least one .state held in- 
dependent affairs, the proceeds of 
which were turned over to the Ba- 
zaar Fund. The Ohio S.E.C., for 
example, alone raised close to $300; 
a number of Section^ and Branches 
jointly raised about $480. In large 
part, also, the splendid total was 
due to cash donations collected on 
WEEKLY PEOPiLE Bazaar Fund 
lists. On these approximately $1,300 
was raised. 

During the four-year period a 
total of approximately $43,700 was 
collected for the press funds, and a 
total of approximately $74,710 for 
various National Office funds, or a 
grand fund total of $118,410. Add 
to this large amount the money taken 
in through .sales of WEEKLY PEO- 
PLES and other Party literature^ 
and we have the huge total income 
of $199,081.56, or nearly $200,000 
in four short years. This amount, 
one-fifth of a million dollars, is ex- 
. elusive of moneys taken in by the 
Federations, and used by them for 
their own purposes. And yet they say 
the S.L.P. is small, insignificant and 
without influence ! ! And it has been 
truthfully said that dollar for dollar 
the S.L.P. gets more for its money 
than any other orgahization. Our 
members and sympathizers ihave 
cause to be proud of this record, 
which, we hope, will be dwarfed by 
the achievements, all around, during 
the next four years. We have shown 
what can be accomplished with iron 
wills and a spirit of determination 



that refuses to recognize such a thing 
as failure. 



Internal Disturbances. 

The four years that have |)a,ssril 
since our last convention have wil 
nessed an extraordinary degree- of 
disruption within our movcinriil. 
That this should have been so is, ol 
course, regrettable, but it is, afln- 
all, understandable. There arc ;il 
least four reasons to be advanced m 
explanation of this phenomcrnni 

(1) The fact of general capital isl 
disintegration and demoralizalion ; 

(2) The growing realization of llif 
fact that the S.L.,P. is the one in 
vincible and eventually conquering 
Party; (3) The growing desire, 
prompted by its desperate situation, 
on the part of capitalism and its rc 
form agencies, to destroy, if pos 
sible, the revolutionary Party of tin' 
American proletariat; and (4) the 
ever growing impatience of the Par 
ty with respect to muddleheaded and 
sentimental disturbers of the Par 
ty's peace. 

A» to the first: Capitalism has un 
questionably definitely entered tho 
stage of decay, degeneracy and gen 
eral demoralization during the last 
four years to a greater extent than 
has been the case during any .similar 
period in the past. The effect of s(» 
tremendous a source of demoraljzn 
tion cannot be wholly without ils 
effect even on the revolutionary 
movement. Individuals in the past 
who never before had occasion In 
worry particularly about making a 
living, now at times may find it ncc 
easary to resort to methods in order 
to keep alive that will bring them 
into conflict with the Party's prin 
ciples and standards. That S.L.I*. 
members should not succumb whai 
ever their plight and despite tempta 
tions, is true, but at this point we 
are not concerned .so much with the 



* 



f 



I 



ntni/ils. as with the fact of such 
\ hilling to the demoralizing influ- 
I iiecH of capitalist decadence and 

• ll'iNohillon. Then, again, some of 
llitise in the past who found it com- 
|»ai-at i\ t'ly easy to conform to S.L.P. 
ih'uipline, now .sometimes find it 
iitv-.tune, and this for a variety of 

• •asniis. Perhaps the alleged slow 
(Mogrtss of our Party begins to 
< It/Hr on some; perhaps the "lures" 
"Hered by the sensationalists have 
I Ml. I a corroding effect on their intel- 
!• 'Is and clearness of vision; and so 
I " r 1 1 1 . S uch weak elements would in 
any ease probably have succumbed 
laler, for the same or for other rea- 
^iiins. 

/v lo the secand: That there is a 
^.iMwing all-around realization that 
I he S.L.P. is destined to become one 
h!' I he- chief vehicles leading to the 
Itrvohition cannot be doubted by S. 
I.. I*, members. The scientific and 
h»/^ieal, yet withal simple and com- 
|M'ehen.sive program of the Party, is 
I M'^ inning to appeal to more and 
nuMT" workers and other intelligent 
'MM I serious students of social 
III lids. The aggressive posture of 
till l*arty undoubtedly attracts many 
v\ ho may not have made a thorough 
Himly of its program. De Leon once 
ohserved that there might conceiv- 
nhly be a danger **that an aggres- 
Ni\'e Party like the S.L.P. runs the 
risk of attracting impudent ignora- 
nt uses or immodestly overbearing in- 
<h\i(Iuals'* — which, however (he 
/nil led), would, if and when it hap- 
pened, be offset by the sound poise 

• iT the S,L.P. Undoubtedly, as the 
hmir of the Revolution draws nearer 
many will join — or attempt to join — 
vvlio possess neither the mental 
eapaeity for grasping fully the Par- 
ly's principles, nor the self-discipline 



which would enable them to function 
usefully in the Party. When such 
elements, nevertheless, slip into the 
S.L.P., we are almost sure to have 
trouble. 

As to the third: Unquestionably 
the opposition to the S.LjP. grow.s 
in the measure that its logical pro- 
gram is seen to meet, more and more, 
the revolutionary need of the work- 
ing class. Hence, capitalism, or its 
reform allies and servants, will with- 
out doubt attempt to frustrate our 
efforts or nullify their effect, by 
fostering or encouraging disruptive 
outbreaks within our Party. We who 
are convinced that the S.L.P. alone 
offers a menace to capitalist rule, 
must, as a matter of inescapable 
logic, likewise accept the conclusion 
that capitalism will .spare no effort 
at keeping us from reaching the 
working class at large, from which 
it also follows that individuals from 
time to time will be sent into our 
Party in order to breed distrust, 
demoralization, dissension or fac- 
tionalism. They may even send 
such individuals into the S.L,P. for 
no other reason than to have them 
appear as ''deserting the cause"; or, 
by getting themselves expelled, such 
agents of capitalism may hope to 
draw sympathetic, though perhaps 
misled, members out with them, 
thereby hoping to lend color to the 
slanderous statement that the iS.L.P. 
expels members faster than it takes 
in new members — and, impliedly, for 
trivial causes. As De Leon once 
put it: 

'Tt [the SX.P.] knows that physi- 
cal, mental and moral cripples are 
apt to get into its ranks for the ex- 
j>ress purpose of gaining notoriety 
hj desertion. Such a Party, instead 
of being dishonored by the 'desert- 



94 



i 



95 



} 



ers/ is glati of the occasion Lhal rids 
it of them.'' 

Finalhj, m to the fourth : Obvious- 
ly^ the Party is growing ever more 
impatient with those who give signs 
of being trouble-makers, or of being 
unable to stand the strict discipline 
of the organization. For, as De 
Leon observed, ''at no epoch is OR- 
GANIZATION and implied DIS- 
'C IP LINE ,so important a factor as 
just the epoch of Revolution." 



become diseased. Conlrarivvis.. ,i 
is the healthy body which promplU 
eliminates all such impure ih.mIIm 
And so in the healthy Party of lli. 
■working class. That those lo v\ I.-mh 
are meted out drastic action .should 
feel resentful is, perhaps, no( lo h. 
•wondered at, if one grants thai llir< 
Avere merely .stupid and gene rail)' 
undt. *'The social revolution," snhl 
^De Leon, "is a jealous mistress, urid 
'ofttimes her conduct seems cruel lo 



Those who might wish the Party to ward her one-time devotees. She d( 



relax its discipline, who might de 
sire more so-called tolerance, have a 
completely distorted notion of what 
the S.L.P. principle and program 
imply. Not less, but more strietnesis 
in organizational matters is required, 
the more the demoralization in capi- 
talist society proceeds. To be sure, 
patience and tolerance, in their 
proper places, are virtues. But they 
cease to be so when misapplied. 
"Virtue itself," says Shakespeare, 
"turns vice being misapplied." 
The Party's experience has amply 
demonstrated the truth of this. The 
time eventually comes when patience 
ceases to be virtue, and becomes 
transformed into its very opposite, 
vice. The moment inevitably ar- 
rives when tolerance ceases to be the 
means of insuring peace and unity 
within the Party^ becoming instead 
the compounder of corruption, in- 
citer of treason to principles, and 
promoter of dis-unity and anarchy 
in Party affairs. The Party cannot, 
•without surrendering its integrity, 
yield on matters concerning organ- 
izational discipline. It certainly 
will not do ,so, being the kind of a 
'Party it is. It is the unhealthy 
ibody which finds it difficult to elimi- 
nate waste or impure elements, the 
organs for such purposes having 



96 



mands unswerving devotion, /iiid 
punishes relentlessly the sliglilcHl 
unfaithfulness. He who docs not 
know that, and, slipping, feels \\ 
lash, cannot complain without co 
■victing himself of puerile ignur 
ance. His the blame, and no ouc 
else's." 

In the light of these consid<Tn 
tions, the wonder, perhaps, should 
be not that we have suffered so much 
from disruption these four years, bul 
that we have not suffered infinilrly 
more. Viewed concretely, howi'vcr, 
we can all agree that we have had 
our fill of disrupters and disru) 
tions, particularly during the year 
just passed. (During the last year 
38 were expelled, not including tlu^ 
dozen or so eliminated with the ex- 
pulsion of former Section Alameda 
County, Calif.) 

The details of all the disruptive 
outbreaks (except last year's) hav(! 
been dealt with in the reports of th(! 
•National Secretary to the N.E.iC. 
There is no need of going into de- 
tails here, each and every one during 
the three years from 19i3i2 being 
duly recorded in the printed pro- 
ceedings of the N.E.€. sessions for 
1933, 1934 and 1935. The first se- 
rious disruption was in Schenectady 



'" M li.e Seelron was expelled. The its mission to educate the working 
'"'H.lady disruption followed the class into its historical mission to 
M.l eoursc: Disregard of Party overthrow the capitalist system by 
'h'H ,|,linc; defiance of the organiza- Political Action and Ind. Unionism, 
"-M. slander and vilification of the ''Therefore, be it resolved by Sec- 

»*-nh' and its officers; and finally tion Schenectady, at its regular 
|Mitsi(Hi. And then the almost in- business .meeting July 6th, that we 
• nable post-cxpulsion development: hereby declare ourselves in full at- 
iMining up with one of the disrup- cord with the Party's tactics and 
lUe groups whose mission it seems policies, and do also affirm our un- 
»n be (apart from proving again and shaken confidence in our National 
MM.aln \Uc correctness of the S.L.P. Officials; and that we condemn those 
1 Mw ol Disruption) to act as the persons who are trying to poison 
Mrhage can for the rubbish thrown the minds of our members for the 
Ml by the SX.P. purpose of impairing our work and 

rih' Schenectady disrupters were mission. And be it further 
|Mirlienlarly vicious and slanderous ^'Resolved, that any member giv- 

♦ n llieir utterances concerning the ing aid and comfort to any of these 
nalional officers of the Party. To disruptive agencies shall answer to 
tllie.lralc the utter lack of sense and the charge of disloyalty to the S.L. 
Hilintiali.sm on the part of disrupters P. which has in its keeping the Pro- 
hi general, the following incident letarian Revolution, and be it 
Mii^hl, Ive noted; Scarcely two years further 

t'*inr to the trouble in Section "Resolved, that a copy of this res- 
. Iienectady (but before the advent olution be sent to the National Sec- 
mI Hie chief trouble-maker) the Sec- retary, and a copy be spread on the 
iiou (in 1931) had adopted a reso- minutes of this meeting. 
Inliou in which was expressed the (Signed) *T. E. Ernst, 
'i*'''"ce of the Section in the Par- ^'Sec y. Section Schenectady." 

I ( and its national officers. The reso- 

liiiitui reads as if it might have been "^^^ ^^^^ ^^at the members of this 

adiiptcd by a loyal Section today in same Section which passed this reso- 
eoufhiinnation of, let us say, the re- lotion were largely the ones who 
M nl batch of California disrupters, ^^^^^ turned disrupters, and commit- 
nml for that reason, and to preserve ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^7 crimes against the 

II lor the record, it is reproduced S.L.P. which they had previously 
In re: condemned and denounced in others 

— that fact serves to emphasize 

"Whereas, There seems to be a rather than weaken the valuable les- 

i nneerted attack by disrupters son to be drawn from the incident. 

against the Soeialist Labor Party to gince the expulsion of the disrupt- 

^.tlaek the integrity of our National ters in Schenectady the Party has 

niheers, the object, undoubtedly be- carried on an active campaign in 

in,, lo weaken the Party Organiza- that city with the result that within 

'""' ^ the near future we shall have a Sec- 

"Whereas, this has an effect to tion there that will prove a credit to 

Iwiinper the S,\L,P, in carrying out the Party. Section Rensselaer 

97 



County^ cooperating with the New 
York S.EjC. and the National Of- 
fice^ have contributed very material- 
ly t,o the progress made in Schenec- 
tady. 

A revolting interlude was the 
trouble caused in Section Kings 
County through the expulsion of a 
lawyer by the name of Klein. The 
details are given in the N.E.C. re- 
port of 1938. With him were ex- 
pelled a group of his .supj^orterS;, no- 
torious among whom weY& a couple 
named Timmerman. This precious 
corrupt anti-S.L.P. clique lost no 
time in j oining the local garbage can 
and to link up with the Schenectady 
disrupters who^ by the way^, imme- 
diately invoked the assistance of the 
expelled lawyer, proudly including^ 
in the inevitable lampoon they is- 
.sued, a letter from the said lawyer^ 
counselling them as only such a one 
can do it — and in a manner;, and for 
a purpose, wholly suited to his rene- 
gade clients. 

There were minor difficulties in 
other parts of the country^, as also 
recorded in the N.E.C. report of 
1933. The next year showed an in- 
crease in these disturbances and dis- 
ruptive outbreaks. There were mi- 
nor cases in Providence, R.L, in 
Buffalo, N.Y., in Fort Wayne and 
South Bend, Ind. In Los Angeles 
there was a rather serious distur- 
bance following the Monette-Strebig 
trouble the previous year. The mat- 
ter was settled' — temporarily only, 
however, as we now know. In Min- 
neapolis there was a continuation of 
the trouble in which Mrs. Wm, Nel- 
son had been the center, A typical 
egotistical specimen^ one Anderson^ 
challenged the Section's decisions 
and authority, and subsequently fol- 
lowed the usual course of the or- 



ganization anarchist, and, being ex- 
pelled, promptly landed in the gar- 
bage can together with the prcvi 
ously discarded rubbish in that city. 
In two important Ohio Sections, 
Cleveland and Cincinnati, we had 
•serious troubles, causing the organ 
ization much loss of time and cncr 
gj. In the former H. B. Strebig 
(who had previously caused troubh- 
in Los Angeles) was the center of 
the disturbances, while in the latter » 
ifirst Dick OiNeill, and later W. L. 
Heckinger, figured prominently. The 
latter gentleman descended lower in 
the scale of disruption than the aver 
age disrupter, manifesting a degree 
of viciousness and vindictiveness un 
common even in renegades. The N;i 
tional Secretary, believing Heck 
inger was sincere until there no 
longer was any room for doubl, 
wrote him a long letter (in the sum 
mer of 1934) from which the con 
eluding part is here quoted: 

"If you leave us^ it will be a mat- 
ter of regret with me, but the revo- 
lutionary movement will go on jusL 
the same, and in fact there will be 
greater determination on the part of 
those who have learned their S.L.P. 
lesson .so well, that no matter whal 
happens they stiek to the ship until 
its cargo is safely in port. Finally, 
in conclusion, let me make this ol) 
servation: He who resigns from tlic 
S.LjP. resigns from the principles, 
for 'The Principles and the Organ 
ization are one.' He who resigns 
from the principle, ipso facto re- 
nounces hope and belief in the In- 
dustrial Republic of Labor. Then- 
is no escape from this conclusion." 

The real test of a thoroughly 
clear, well grounded S.L.P. man lies 
in his acceptance* or rejection of 



98 



1 



lliis principle. If he accepts it, and 
M» Is accordingly, we have a pillar 
nl' J he S. L. P. If he rejects it, we 
h/»\(' a weakling, or one ignorant of 
ilir meaning of Socialism, or De 
l.roiiism, hence a potential source of 
t ronl)le. 

11 is only fair to add (by way of 
ronlrast) that Dick O'Neill, after 
luing solicited by the scavengers. 
I Ir finitely and firmly rebuffed them 
III a letter which was reprinted in 
Mm Field Notes of July 14, 1934, 
/iikI from which, for the record, the 
I allowing is quoted: 

"I received in the mail today two 
Irllcrs from you and a bundle of 
papers forwarded from my former 
/uldress; also a notice from Western 
Union regarding a telegram which 
u/is later read to me over the tele- 
[Jione. 

"My first reaction was to ignore 
your correspondence entirely, but 
n|K)a .second consideration I con- 
rliuled that by remaining silent, you 
and your group might labor under 
lli(^ delusion that I was up in the 
nir and a likely prospect for mem- 
bership in your 'party' of S.L.P. 
Iinlcrs. I understand your group 
will and I would not associate my 
Mclf with a movement of its nature 
ntuler any circumstances. The So- 
cialist Labor Party is the revolu- 
lionary movement in the United 
Slates. I am as certain of it now as 
I was when I joined and during the 
years I spent within its ranks'. That 
I am no longer a member of it does 
not detract from its sound Marxian 
position. 

"In the future, sir, consider me 
an enemy of your disruptive gang. 
\'ou are children playing at soldier/' 

O'Neill's letter to the contemptible 



gang of slummists, anarchists and 
S.L.P. viliifiers illustrates the man- 
ner in which this degenerate crew 
should be treated; moreover, it 
further illustrates how a person ex- 
pelled from the Party should con- 
duct himself if his expulsion were 
due to general incompatibility rather 
than to planned mischief, and delib- 
erate disruption. 

In Louisville we had some minor 
trouble with a gentleman whose 
name and conduct can best be de- 
scribed by the German word 
"schmutzig.*' He performed like the 
regulation disrupter puppet: *'Pull 
M?^* string, bend this way; pull that 
string, jump that way." He too, 
promptly joined the scavengers, the 
haven of all unclean or unbalanced 
minds. During his brief hour this 
wretch slandered and vilified in the 
accustomed fashion. The rest is si- 
lence. 

The year following witnessed the 
culmination of the Heckinger inci- 
dent, soon followed by another dis- 
ruptive incident which involved two 
members recently re-admitted, Slo- 
mer and Blettner, The latter was 
readmitted by mistake, he having 
previously been guilty of gross mis- 
conduct, a fact which unfortunately 
was overlooked by the reorganized 
Section. As a condition for retain- 
ing his membership, Blettner was 
instructed to repudiate his previous 
misconduct and slanderous remarks 
concerning loyal Party members. Re- 
fusing to do this, he was promptly 
expelled. His pal, Slomer, there- 
upon wrote vile and vitriolic letters 
to the Section and the National 
Secretary, wherein the gentleman 
assailed and slandered the Section 
and the Party's National Secretary. 
He, too, was promptly expelled. The 
99 






iSection in Cinciimati has since made 
splendid progress. 

In Bridgeport early in 1935 
trouble broke out, the moving spirit 
here being one Mueller, a vindictive, 
vulgar and crude organization an- 
archist. He and his three pals were 
soon expelled, and were promptly 
picked up by the ,sc avengers. In fact, 
it developed that these scamps were 
in negotiations with these scavengers 
(that is to say, they were conspir- 
ing with enemies on the outside) 
even before they were out of the 
iParty. It later developed that one 
of these disrupters had been in con- 
tact (regularly or otherwise) with 
the Schenectady scavenger station. 
There were the customary sordid and 
revolting incidents — treacheries, un- 
derground tactics, slanders and gen- 
eral vilifications of the Party and 
its officers. And, of course, the in- 
evitable lampoon. In keeping with 
his slum proletarianism, Mueller 
made a special point of the fact that 
a couple of the Bridgeport comrades 
were non-wage workers!. Again and 
again De Leon denounced the vi- 
ciousness of condemning members, 
merely because they were not wage 
workers. Shortly after the split De 
Leon said: 

**The mere fact that a man is a 
capitalist should not be reason 
enough to exclude him from the 
Party. If he actually and uncom- 
promisingly plants himself upon the 
proletarian claas interests, he should, 
could and would be admitted. But 
he would have to toe the chalk-mark. 
The slightest dereliction on his part 
would justly arouse suspicion." 

And later this: 

'The labor movement is entitled 
to, and needs all the knowledge of 



the age. Much of this knovvh'.dgc 
cannot be the contribution of the 
proletariat. It has had no opportu- 
nity to gather such knowledge. Such 
knowledge must be the contribution 
of men from the upper classes who 
plant themselves upon the class in- 
terests of the proletariat. No scn- 
.sible workingman would exclude 
such contributors. All sensible work- 
ingmen will invite them. The work- 
ingman who does contrary does not 
do so in the interest of his class. lie 
has some vicious scheme to nurse, 
and he insults his class by a posture 
that implies his own class is too 
dense to see through him.'* 

And still later: 

"For a person who follows a sci- 
entific occupation it is no credit to 
his scientific method .... to say 
*the S.L.P. will not accept the rich !' 
The S.L.P. welcomes the rich as 
well as the poor. What the S.L.P. 
does not welcome is the man wlio 
proceeds from the principle that his 
money is a patent of knowledge, and 
pushes his nonsense with his money, 
and thereby corrupts the movement," 

And finally this: 

"Be not too denunciatory of mil- 
lionaires in the movement. These 
are evils only when they seek to de- 
bauch the movement by inoculating 
it with millionaires' vices of thought. 
Otherwise they are desirable 
things." 

To be sure, we are not to expect 
that millionaires and well-to-do per- 
sons in general will clamor to be 
admitted to the S.L.P. There is no 
danger of that. But when such 
vicious nonsense is mouthed by a 
trouble-maker, it is time to expose 



100 



III' nonsense in all its viciousness 
himI stupidity. And the gang which 
opnis arms wide to accept such a 
\iil;^/ir and .stupid person likewise 
at I r pis, willy-nilly, his vulgar slum- 
|iinh larianism and his anti-De Leon 

finliscnSC. 

I>uring the last year we have had 
In dral with a disruptive situation 
which tried the endurance and pa- 
liriicc of the National Organization 
t<» I he utmost. And the combined 
< Hot- Is of as unscrupulous a group 
'f. rose to plague the Party in many 
t\ \ tar fairly exhausted your N.E.C 
Sub (Committee and the National 
Sirrclary. As the .story is told in 
(ill its essential details in the Sclinur 
II iiioval document, there is no need 
<»r (h'voting a great deal of time to 
1 1 now. The climax was reached 
uilh the removal of the faithless 
N.lvC, member from Region 7, 
PmuI F. Schnur. By a vast majority 
\olt' (1,714 in favor, 21 against — 
im»sl of them, about 18 or 19, from 
' ilit'ornia, representing the re- 
'.Kliiiim of the disrupters in that 
nl/ilc), the membership hurled this 
I rcacherous individual from the im- 
portant post he occupied — a po^t of 
honor and great responsibility, A 
I'iro(! number of members com- 
OK n ted on the traitorous conduct of 
>> hnur and his fellow disrupters. 
I Extracts from a few of these are 
IT I rr in ted here. The first is from Sec- 
l)(»n Toronto in the form of a reso- 
lulion unanimously adopted: 

"Resolved, That Section Toronto, 
Socialist Labor Party, while unable 
lo cast a ballot in the matter, unani- 
inonsly commends the National Sec- 
rclary and the Executive of the Par- 
ly in its action toward the disrup- 



tive element in California ; and be it 
further 

* 'Resolved, That the steps taken 
by the National Executive toward 
the removal of the N.tE.iC. member 
from Region No. 7, who betrayed the 
high office entrusted to him by the 
Party, be concurred in by this Sec- 
tion; and that this 

"Resolution be spread upon the 
minutes of the Section and a copy 
forwarded to the National Office." 

Our Canadian S.L.P, Secretary, 
the iS.L.P. veteran, Edward Farrell, 
briefly commented: 

**Ami personally, like moist who 
have known Paul Schnur, terribly 
disappointed in him, and it is to be 
hoped that the next convention will 
provide means by which such inci- 
dents can never again happen in the 
S.L.P." 

Subsequently, Comrade Farrell 
sent a resolution adopted by the 
Canadian Executive Committee, 
which is here reproduced: 

"Whereas, In view of the terrible 
waste of time and energy, and the 
heavy costs incurred, due to the dis- 
ruption attempted in California, in 
which the previous State Executive 
Committee, played such a traitorous 
part, aided and abetted by Paul F, 
Sehnur, the then N,E.C. member 
from Region No. 7; 

''Whereas, The Canadian Execu- 
tive Committee recognizes that this 
serious attempt at disruption may 
not prove to be an entire loss, in 
that this severe lesson may serve to 
guide and guard the membership of 
the S.L.P. from another such long 
and persistent effort at disruption; 
therefore be it 

"Resolved, By this Canadian Exec- 
utive Committee, that we give our 



101 



whole-hearted approval to the Na- 
tional Executive Committee^ the 
Sub-)Committee^ and to National Sec- 
retary Arnold Petersen^ on whom 
was placed such a heavy burden by 
this dastardly attempt at disruption, 
and further we trust that the Nation- 
al Convention will provide addition- 
al safeguards;, and swifter means^ of 
dealing with any such attempts in 
the future." 

And from a letter written by 
Comrade McNaughten^ of Ottawa, 
we quote: 

"I knew Schnur in the Commer- 
cial Telegraphers' Union, had much 
to do with him, one time and an- 
other. Often wondered what hap- 
pened to liim that enabled him to 
get to where he did in the S.L.P. 
You have done a splendid job." 

Comrade Herman Simon of Con- 
necticut, who personally knew moist 
of the disrupters, and particularly 
Schnur, writes the following: 

"I have almost finished reading 
the report of the California disrup- 
tion. Knowing the individuals in- 
volved personally, the whole affair 
has been of • especial interest. It 
sickened me to the core of my being 
as I read the tale (from 2 a.m. to 
8.30 a.m., the next morning). With 
the exception of Comrade, pardon, 
Mr, Schnur, I was not the least sur- 
prised and know, if I know any- 
thing, that the very best thing was 
done with the elimination of Plato, 
Robineau, Freedman, Blair and 
Stevens. As for Schnur, I would 
not have believed it, if I hadn't read 
it with my own eyes. His attitude, 
his reasoning, his activities were un- 
believably stupid and criminal, to 
say the least; but it will always be 
a matter of wonder with me how the 



Schnur that I knew could have ar- 
rived at that state. Was it Shakes- 
peare who said, 'There are more 
things in heaven and earth than arc 
dreamt of in your philosophy/ 

* 'Allow me to state that despite 
the tremendous loss of money 
and time and what must have 
been an unbearable tax on your 
mental and physical being, 
there is one good thing that 
comes out of it a lesson in- 
valuable, bitter as it is, in correct 
Party procedure and discipline, and 
the transcending importance of each 
and every comrade in the Party to 
make it impossible for such things 
to happen again." 

Comrade Wm. Foy, of Minneapo- 
lis, writes; 

"Though the sinister character of 
the disruptive forces in California 
is enough to chill one with fears for 
the future of our movement, the 
(alacrity and unanimity with w^hich 
the Coast Sections have shown their 
abhorrence of the disrupters should 
hearten all of us, from the National 
Secretary down, for while it shows 
what power disruption has in divert- 
ing the Party'.s energies from agita- 
tional work, it also demonstrates 
what a slight dent it can make in 
the armor of the S.L.P. It also fur- 
nishes further proof that the enemy 
will not stand idly by while the 
S.L.P. agitates for the organization 
of the political and economic forces 
that will encompass his ruin. 

"The staunch stand of the Coast 
Sections and N.,E.iC. members would 
seem to render weak and superfluous 
any assurance of .sympathy or sup- 
port offered by the undersigned, yet 
he cannot refrain from swelling the 
chorus that will surely arise from 



102 



• very subdivision of the Party." 

Comrade Catching of Portland 
hrit'fly comments: 

"Read the report on the Califor- 
iii/i matter. My head still whirls 
from the effort of trying to follow 
I lie gyrations. I don't see how you 
ni.'nmged to keep your mental bal- 
ance. If ever there was a deliber- 
n\v attempt to scuttle the Party that 
wns it." 

And this from an S.L.P. veteran 
of 1893, Comrade John C. Butter- 
vv o 1' I h : 

'"I'he 24-page (Schnur) report is 
M master stroke of education for the 
iiK'tnbership of the Party. It puts 
I lie members on their guard for fu- 
Irrc disrupters. While it is a das- 
la rdly crime to compel the Party to 
'.pciid so much time and money, the 
rlTorts are not wasted. It is a great 
lesson." 

;V member-at-large, Comrade New- 
lurl, was moved to make these re- 
marks: 

"Regarding the antics of the Cali- 
fornia clowns, one might say that 
all tlie blood and tears of a world 
wouldn't be too much to consecrate 
I lie petty egos of such simpletons— 
naturally ! 

"But I'm inclined to think also 
lliat there is something more here 
llian sheer human cussedness; some- 
Ihing more sinister — though that is 
sinister enough! 

"Anyway, all who get in the way 
of the Socialist Labor Party will be 
I a light that there is one thing to be 
feared and respected, if nothing 
else." 

Another raember-at-large, Com- 
rade Clements, residing in Canada, 
writes: 



'*I have also read the report re 
disruption in California which I 
consider a very valuable document. 
I have enriched my knowledge in 
doing so, thanks to Party discipline." 

Comrade E. L. Dodge, of Seetion 
Salem, Mass., observes: 

*'I have just finished reading 'As 
to Proposed Removal of N.E.C. 
Member from Region 7,' and to say 
the leust 1 am WEARY. What a 
constitution you must have to be 
able to stand that barrage. Cannot 
imagine such conditions prevailing 
here — ^witli our able Marxian — John 
Aiken as N.E.C. member from Re- 
gion No. 1, Am confident that it 
will never happen again," 

And from Comrade J. C. Vol- 
lertsen, organizer of our Section in 
Rochester, N.Y., a rather lengthy 
letter was received, from which the 
following is quoted: 

'T have just completed reading 
the 24-page account of the disrup- 
tion in California, and possiessing, 
as I .do, a very limited vocabulary, 
the only way I could naturally ex- 
press my reaction to such stupid 
treachery would be by the use of 
profanity so I will let another's 
words sum up the situation, 'to be 
clever in big things, is to be stupid.' 

"However, 'it is an ill wind that 
blows no good.' This 'ill wind' has 
taught me several good lessons in 
Party procedure as well as pointed 
out the true insignificance of the 
individual as compared with the im- 
portance of the revolutionary move- 
ment." 

And from a number of other mem- 
bers and Sections similar comments 
were received. Except from known 
disrupters not one known voice was 
103 



raised in support of the traitor. 
There were one or two instances 
where members did not fully under- 
stand the issue, or failed to read the 
document. A member-at-large in 
Massachusetts voted against removal 
of Sclmur. When he was questioned 
he admitted that he had not read 
the document, and he explained his 
negative vote by saying that he 
thought the California comrades 
would settle the matter! Subsequent- 
ly this comrade wrote to the Massa- 
chusetts S.EjC, saying in part, that 
he had now ''given the matter much 
serious thought, and have reread the 
statement from the National Secre- 
tary that you sent me." And he 
adds: **I was amazed by the account 
of the activity of the disrupters in 
California. There is no doubt in my 
mind that the time had come for ac- 
tion by the National Secretary and 
the N.EjC. Sub-Committee. I ap- 
l^rove every act of the National Sec- 
retary and the N.E.C. Sub-Commit- 
tee in dealing with the disrupters in 
California." 

This incident is cited chiefly to 
remind ourselves that matters of 
such importance should not be dealt 
with lightly, or as something that 
concerns someone else rather than 
oneself. An injury and affront to 
the Party is an injury and affront 
to each and every member. Party 
democracy imposes upon the mem- 
bership full Party responsibility. 

As has been pointed out repeated- 
ly, the California trouble did not 
start with the charges that were 
filed against Stevens for scaibbing. 
The Stevens incident, and subse- 
quent developments, constituted but 
the last phase of a series of difficul- 
ties that go back to 192'3 — and per- 
haps even earlier. However, in 1923 



the Party had to deal with a major 
disruptive situation which was di 
rectly related to the question linn 
agitating the Party — i.e., whctlHr 
the ''W.I.I.U.'' should be continncd 
or not. As a direct consequence' ul" 
the stand then taken by an aggrrs 
sive group, headed by one PEstrr, 
the Section was expelled and rcor 
ganized. For a while it barely ex 
isted, was subsequently (in effect) 
reorganized, and carried on excel Iriil 
work for a while. Credit for this 
and previous constructive work goes 
largely to the then organizer, and 
several times N.E.C. member, B. W. 
Stevens, now expelled. During the 
years that followed we witnessed 
several disturbances which invari- 
ably revealed Stevens, Comrade 
Shenkan, and others upholding 
Party decencies, and the correct 
Party position re the questions in 
volved, and the Hobineau-Blair 
Plato combination (with such 
changes in personnel as were caused 
by the coming or going of particu 
lar individuals, without such 
changes in individuals having any 
effect on the complexion of the 
group itself) defying Party pro- 
prieties, and supporting men and 
measures alien to the true S.L.P. 
tradition. Time and again the 
trouble was settled without violent 
eruption. It is clear to us now that 
if the undesirable element had been 
eliminated in 1933 (when the last 
trouble occurred) we might have 
been spared the last general disrup- 
tive outbreak in California. Schnur, 
then organizer for the Party, ef- 
fected a ''compromise," which, in 
the light of later events, probably 
was merely the effecting of an un- 
derstanding between the corruption- 
ists in Los Angeles and the Schnur- 






104 



« 



Itm/ frntcrnity, whereby tlie stage 
wiv^ ((» \w st't for tlie later elimina- 
tliMi III' Slirnkan. Stevens and others, 
Hit 1 1 1(11 such national conquests as 
lltt \niii ambitions of the disrupters 
MiMv !iave prompted them to hope 
(m , While much of this must remain 
) ttnj I'd lire for the moment, there are 
'jtiil icicnt indications that a plot 
vvnN brewing which involved nothing 
li '.'» Ih/in "capture'* of the National 
(Ml ire. This reference is not, of 
t Miirsr, to be understood to mean 
\\\i\\ tlicre is an^^hing wrong in 
Mii"nl):'rs expressing, at the proper 
time ami place, a desire for a change 
in iwilional officers in the Party. As 
Mr Leon so .succinctly put it: **0f- 
(i. . , in the S.L.P., is not A RIGHT, 
It IS a TRlUST. The trustee may 
hI nny time revoke his trust. This 
iH n principle that the S.L.P. insists 
ihall be introduced in the Socialist 
Itrpiiblic; in the meantime it puts 
Ih/il principle in practice within its 
i»\vri (U'ganization." But the disrepu- 
hiMe clement in California evidently 
\\t\i\ no hope of being elected to of- 
li' ( in an orderly manner, or because 
id* superior ability or merit, but 
i'mNkt as a result of underground 
t /lilies through which, apparently, 
they hoped to discredit the present 
\\n\ ional officers, 

I L is disagreeable to have to say 
I his, but apparently the one who first 
in/iy have put the secretarial bee in 
|{iii//s bonnet (indirectly in any 
ease) is a comrade who is unques- 
lionably loyal, however indiscreet he 
may liave expressed hims-elf at 
limes, and particularly in 1933. You 
will remember that in the Schnur 
removal document there is reprinted 
a htter from Comrade A. S. Dowder, 
o\ Section Lbs Angeles, in which he 
made the point that the disrupters 

1 



liad "conspired to capture the Na- 
tional Organization, replace you 
[the present National Secretary] 
with one of their number (probably 
Ruiz), make Plato National Organ- 
izer, etc., etc." Apparently Comrade 
Dowler's merciless castigation of the 
disrupters caused them to fly into a 
rage. And so they began to dig out 
letters written in 1933 by Comrade 
Dowler to Robineau and others in 
order to sliow that Comrade Dowler 
himself had made uncomplimemtary 
references to the National Secretary^ 
and compliTneifitmry references to 
Plato and his cronies. In one of 
these letters, ,strange, as it may seem 
in view of his letter quoted in the 
Schnur removal document, it was 
Comrade Dowler who probably first 
suggested the possibility of making 
Ruiz National Secretary. Whatever 
Comrade Dowler at that time may 
have thought about it, it is evident 
that he at no time was a party to 
any conspiracy; it is further estab- 
lished that the views he expressed 
in 1933 (and evidently based on his 
misjudging Plato whose peculiar 
*' talents" and character were quite 
well known even then at the Na- 
tional Office) are the very opposite 
of the views he now holds. With that 
low cunning that characterizes Rob- 
ineau, Plato and Co., they evidently 
thought that to publish the 1933 
letters of Dr. Dowler would get the 
latter into trouble with the Party. 
Their rat-hole conception of Party 
organizational matters naiturally 
prompted them to form such a con- 
clusion. They erred fatally in that 
they applied their slummist stand- 
ards where such obviously could not 
apply. Wittingly or unwittingly, a 
present member of Section Los 
Angeles, Mrs. Sara Morgan, wife of 
05 



•;">' '•»l'' Comvmlr II. Mor-nn (vvIm. 
i'or fivt^ years Jivetl in Vallejo, wiiile 
she remained in Los Angeles) lent 
herseJf to these degrading tactics. 
Photostat copies of Comrade Dow- 
Jer's letters to his own brother, and 
to others, were made, and despite 
Mrs. Morgan^s protestations, the 
hand of the crafty Eobineau is 
plainly evident, seeing that his hand- 
writing appears on one of the letters 
which Mrs. Morgan claims she her- 
self caused to be reproduced. The 
substance of Mrs. Morgan's letters 
bas already been given. The first 
was dated April 1, and the following 
is the repJy .sent her by the National 
Secretary: 



"April 4, 1930. 
"Mrs. Sara Morgan, 
'*Los Angeles, Calif. . 

"Dear Comrade: 

"I have received your letter of 
April 1 with phoitostat copies of let- 
ters from Comrade Dowler to our 
late Comrade H. Morgan, and of one 
addressed to 'Walter/ whom you 
identify as a brother of Comrade A. 
S, Dowler, the letters being dated 
December 9, 1933, and June 10, 
1933. Before proceeding further 
allow me to say that Section Lo,s 
Angeles acted for the best interests 
of the Party in refusing to give any 
consideration to these letters, and 
that you should have thought that 
at this late date they could serve a 
useful Party purpose is a sad com- 
mentary on yonr understanding of 
Party principles and proprieties. I 
prefer to believe that you did not 
conceive of this idea yourself. The 
elaborate procedure of making pho- 
tostat copies of the letters; the gen- 
eral tenor of your own letter to me; 
and the obvious disruptive motive 



'»*■'"*"<> lh(' vvhoh^ hiisin,.s.s, siii-^,.! 
that a crafLy mind is (lircdjng llih 
move to which you have icnl ,v..iif 
aitl. In proceeding on this assimip 
tion I am doing you the honor nf 
supposing that you conld no(, „n.l 
would not, be capable of stoopir.o. (,. 
such obviously degrading mcth.Mls 
methods that reveal the sort of Inw 
eunning one has come to as.so<i..,|r 
with minds of the Robincau -H,n/. 
Plato type. If you insist that son 
are solely responsible for brinoi„^ 
"P this matter now, and in snrh n 
manner, I s^hail, of course, havr lo 
revise my opinion of yourself. I!nl. 
as stated, I do prefer to belie^'e IhnI 
the comrade wife of our late C(»m 
rade H. Morgan could not be cm 
pable of resorting to such low \nv 
tics. So much for that. 
*'You say in your letter: 
" ^Some of these letters had been 
written to Walter Dowler, a brother 
of Comrade A. S. Dowler, but who 
IS not a member. These letters wvrc 
apparently sent on to Comrade Hay- 
den Morgan and Sandell bv Wal- 
ter Dowler/ 

"You fail to explain why a letter 

written by one brother to another 

should have been sent to a third 

(and fourth) person— the referenct- 

to Sandell is utterly unintelligible. 

Is it po.ssible that someone rifled the 

private file of Walter Dowler.^ Why 

Walter Dowler, a non-member, 

sliould have violated the confidence 

of his^ brother by sending the letter 

to H. Morgan, or any one else, needs 

a lot of explaining. v|. 

'^You add: 

" 7 also found a copy of a letter 
written to O. H. Robincau by Com- 
rade Dowler. Opinions expressed in 
these letters are m conflict with 
opinions expressed by Comrade 
06 



""^^'•'" '" hllcrs ((noled in the 
' '""(u- rcnio\;il material.' 

I vli/ill rt'lnni (o ihis alleged 
■H/hrC prcscnlly. 
'^ 'Ml go <ni to quote from a letter 
•♦II.M'dly wrilleri by Comrade Dowl- 
•• In hJM brother Walter, dated No- 
-".hrr i>|, lium. (Why you did not 
f'*'*' photostat copies made of that 
' • '• mystery.) In this letter, if au- 
*h. nljc, Comrade Dowler expres'Ses 

" opinions, and makes references 

'd-Mit myself with which, of course, 

• vntmol agree. It is, to be sure, 
"h. right of any Party member to 
tlioitv wliat he pleases about the Na- 
Moniil Secretary of the Party. To 
«l\t' expression to such opinions to 
••thrrs, offensively and in a discour- 

• • 'MIS manner, is another matter. But 
'»^<^« Mining that Comrade Dowler was 

• iRhl in his estimate of the National 
Srrrclary — Supposing a member 
•Innlv.s that Tetersen seems to enijoy 
' tMit roversy over non-essentials'; 
•h/il the National Secretary thinks 
tu is 'infallible,' and that to prove 
'ion (llie National Secretary) wrong 
uniihl prompt the latter to prefer 
< hnrges of lese majesty' against any 
•Mir Uttering such foolish nonsense — 
Mipposing all this, what has that 
ifoi lo do with the facts provmg Roh- 
ittraii, Plato & Co. lioirs, hoodlers, 
fathers and general all-around dis~ 
mpl'ive tmdesimhlesf Do you mean 
to assert that because Comrade 
Howler made uncomplimentary ref- 
erences to the National Secretary 
Mud complimentary references to 
I'lato and Robineau in 19:33, there- 
lore in 1936 these two latter gentle- 
men are ipso facto absolved from 
■ill tlieir crimes against the Soeial- 
ist Labor Party? If you do not mean 
lo assert that, precisely what is it 
yon mean to establish by sending 



thest! letters to me? 

'^Moreover, granted that Comrade 
Dowler did m-ake these uncompli- 
mentary references to the National 
Secretary — which references, if ac- 
tually made, I naturally resent 

what has that got to do with the fact 
that Comrade Dowler is supporting 
the Party organization and prin- 
ciples as a true S.L.P. member is 
expected to do? The issues involved 
in these important Party questions 
are far above petty considerations 
of personalities. I would much 
rather that a member think the Na- 
tional Secretary 'enjoys controver- 
sy' (which he decidedly does not); 
that he thinks himself ^infallible* 
(which, alas, he does not!); that he 
'loves the last word' (which he does, 
if there is a Party principle in- 
volved) ; I would rather, I repeat, 
that a member think these and other 
and similar things about the Na- 
tional Secretary, provided he works 
for the OTganizatimi and pi^otects its 
interests, than to have such a mem- 
ber think the National Secretary is 
an angel, and then go out and stab 
the Party in the back. I know this 
must seem a strange doctrine to ego- 
maniacs, slum proletarians and an- 
archists in general who know and 
care for one thing only: their own 
petty ;selves and personalities. I can 
respect Comrade Dowler's Party 
loyalty and devotion to principles, 
even thongh I could not respect his 
1933 opinions about me. 

"As for the 'conflict' you speak 
of, there is none. The fact that 
Comrade Dowler held a high opinion 
of Eobineau and Plato in 1933 has 
nothing to do with the fact that in 
1936 he hrioms they are disrupters 
and all the other just things he said 
about them. For Comrade Dowler 
07 



^ 



very emp^hatically says (in the let- 
ter reprinted in the Schnur removal 
document) that he 'backed Plato so 
long as he was of service to the Par- 
ty ;, but when he became a sabotager 
and drunk' he dropped him. What 
conflict do you find here? And to 
emphaisize the pointy Comrade 
Dowler added immediately following 
the part quoted: 'The gang realize 
now that I am and always have been 
an ORlGAlNMATION man/ That's 
the point which you seem to have 
overlooked. 

"And now^ my dear comrade, let 
me give you a bit of advice: Dont 
ever act on the principle that two 
wrongs make one right, or that you 
can judge the character of sensible 
and decent people by the standards 
of scamps and slummisits. If you 
had any notion that because of Com- 
rade Dowler's uncomplimentary ref- 
erences to me in 1933 I would have 
flown into a rage, and demanded the 
'head' of Comrade Dowler, and 
thereupon recognized the sterling 
( !) worth of such unspeakable 
disrupters as Plato, Robineau & Co., 
you have judged me by standards 
you should have known better than 
to employ. If, on the oblier hand, 
you had adduced evidence that in 
1933 Comrade Dowler was plotting 
against the Party, that would have 
been another story. 

"The disgraceful performance to 
which you have lent your name, sug- 
gests .strongly that it was intended 
as the basis of a lampoon. In fact, 
on the basis of my past experience, 
I have little doubt in the matter, 
whether you are aware of it or not. 
We know that we are dealing with 
a gang of disrupters as unprincipled 
and unscrupulous as any that was 
dealt with in the j)ast. We know 



that there is no weapon so foul, no 
method so low, but that they cinpl(»y 
them. There are unmistakable in 
dications that the filthy disrupters, 
generally referred to as the Bronx 
sjc avengers, are in correispondence 
and close touch with the leading 
California disrupters. But if the 
stuff you sent me is intended for a 
lampoon, it is to be hoped that 
through one of those mysjterious 
channels known only to these under- 
ground creatures a copy of this let- 
ter may be included. When I say 
Ut is to be hoped,' I am really say- 
ing too much. For in the final analy- 
sis it is, of course, utterly immate- 
rial what these slum dwellers do, or 
abstain from doing. 

"As for yourself, let me say to 
you, that if you haven't already 
done so, the only decent thing you 
can now do is to repudiate the rotten 
crew which has tried so desperately 
to destroy our organization in Cali- 
fornia, and who represent the very 
lowest in the scale of humanity. For 
you, the wife of H, Morgan, and 
apparently a decent perison, to be 
associated, directly or indirectly, 
with such scum, is certainly no credit 
to you. 

' ''* 
'Yours, 

"First, last, and all the time, 
for the Socialist Labor Party, 
principles and organization — 



"Arnold Petersen, 

"National Secretary." 

"P.S. Upon hastily reviewing 
correspondence that pasised between 
Comrade Dowler and others, and the 
National Office, in November, 1933, 
I found the following letter from 
Comrade Dowler: 
108 

- 1. 



1 



"Glendale, California, 
"November 23, 1933. 

Arnold Petersen, 
'National Sec'y S.L.P., 

15 liose St., 

\rw York City, N.Y. 

1 )< ar Comrade: After re-reading 
\ . M 1 r 1 r L t c r to C omr ade O . H . R ob- 
iiM/ui, organizer, Section Los Ange- 
I. s, 20 111 ult., relative to Comrade 
lldlnivd Plato's qualifications as a 
i'ofist, organizer, I find that I was 
mis taken in my asisertion as to the 
Mllilude of the N.EjC. Sub-Commit- 
Irc, so herewith take pleasure in 
vvi till drawing it. Your letter 17th in- 
ulnnl on this subject received. 

'* 'Fraternally, 
" 'A. S. Dowler.' 

"I 'his letter is self-explanatory, 
juhI eonfirms the view held of Com- 
i/idc Dowler, that he is an organiza- 
I ion man, and not afraid to own him- 
.< If wrong when proven wrong. 

"A.P." 

'I'he second letter from Mrs. Mor- 
pj\\\ was much like unto the first. In 
\\rr second letter of April 7, how- 
« vcr, she assumes full responsibility 
lor having written the first letter, 
and for having had photostat copies 
ni/ide of Comrade Dowler*s letters^ — 
i\ s^tatement apparently belied by her 
ol)vious lack of experience in snch 
Irrhnical matters. With the second 
It Iter she enclosed a photostat copy 
of n letter written by Dr. Dowler 
lo Robineau in 1933. She fails to 
«\ plain how she came into poissession 
(»f a letter written to a disrupter 
who has been expelled ahnosit a 
\ car — and containing a notatilofn hy 
f\\ohhi,eau that could only ha^ve been 
tudde very recently. The reply of the 
National Secretary follows: 



"April 10, 1936. 
'*Mrs. Sara Morgan, 
"Los Angeles, Calif. 
"Dear Comrade: 

"This will acknowleidge receipt of 
3^our letter of April 7 with enclo- 
sure. I regret that time does not 
permit my answering you in detail. 
I ishould like to know, however, how 
you secured possession of the letter 
from Dr. Dowler to Robineau, dated 
November 24, 1933, wherein he sug- 
gests A. J. Ruiz 'for A.P.'s job' — 
i.e., as National Secretary of the So- 
cialist Labor Party? Surely that 
letter was not found among the pa- 
pers of our late Comrade Morgan. 
There is a notation on the Dowler 
letter in Robineau's handwriting 
which appears to have been made 
recently. If made at the time the 
letter was received by Robineau 
there would have been no point to 
saying that Stevens was the N.E.;C. 
member since that was common 
knowledge. And if made later, it 
seems to us that it could only have 
been done very recently, thai is, 
when the photastat copy was to he 
made. Robineau either gave the let- 
ter or the photostat copy to you, or 
to someone who in turn handed it 
to you. I wonder which it is. 

*'You will not wonder at my 
doubts and skepticism when you 
hear that the organizer of Section 
Lois Angeles told me that Blair, ex- 
pelled disrupter, is showing similar 
photostat copies to sympathizers of 
the Party. Surely a strange coinci- 
dence, is it not? 

"I must agree with you that Com- 
rade Dov/ler's reference to Ruiz 'for 
A.P.'s job,' and his reference in the 
letter reprinted in the Schnur docu- 
ment, viz., the alleged desire of the 



disrupters to 'replace you [A. P.] 



109 



with one of their number (probably 
Ruiz).../ are inconsistent. It is 
inconsistent;, not because Dowler in 
1933 thought one things and now 
thinks another^ but because there is 
no consistency in Dr. Dowler*s 
blaming someone in 1936 for want- 
ing to do something which he him- 
self suggested in 1933. If it were 
reprehensible to suggest in 1935 or 
1936 that Ruiz ought to be National 
Secretary^ then in simple logic it was 
reprehensible to do iso in 1933. The 
fact is^ of cour&Cj, that it is perfectly 
proper for a member to suggest a 
change in national officers^ provided 
it is done in orderly organi^athn 
manner. And again I must admit 
that this was not the case with Dr. 
Dowler. 

** Regardless of whatever changes 
of opinion Dr. Dowler may have un- 
dergone since 1933^ the conclusion 
seems inescapable that his sugges- 
tion made in 1933 was seized upon 
by the vain and witless Ruiz^ and 
probably inflated his ego to the point 
where he really believed that he had 
been 'called/ and that he was des- 
tined to be the National Secretary. 
It is too bad^ perhaps^ that he so 
completely forgot his role as 'candi- 
date/ and so completely proved him- 
self an organization anarchist and an 
ass. For if he had behaved himiself, 
and presented himself at the Party's 
National Convention as a candidate 
for the office of National Secretary, 
who knows but that he might have 
been elected? And wouldn't there 
have been sbouts of 'Hosanna' in 
disrupterdom and jsimilar circles if 
that had happened! 

''Though it is clear that Comrade 
Dowler in 1935 had changed his 
opinion about Mr. Ruiz's qualifica- 
tions as National Secretary, it is 



self-evident tliat the disrupters I.m.1, 
his 1933 reference very .scri(>n,Hl\ 
Some things that heretofore sccniMi 
obscure are becoming very nuK )i 
clarified. And for contribuUrig m 
some measure to this clarificalinii, 
you are entitled to some measure nf 
recognition, though on the whole il 
is a matter relatively unimporhml 
You may rest assured that wIm n 
the membership indicates with siil' 
ficient quantitative emphasis tli.il 
another National Secretary is 'imli 
Gated,' I will step out with a sigh 
of personal relief. 

"And now, if you will ex|>lain 
how the Robineau letter (with il-t 
obviously recent notation) came iiilo 
your possession, I am satisfied lo 
consider this incident closed, 

* 'Fraternally yours, 
"Arnold Petersen, 
"National Secretary." 

The following letter from Com 
rade Dowler to the National Sccrc 
tary, dated April 8, closes the cor re 
spondence on this subject: 

"April 8, 193(i. 
"Arnold Petersen, 
"National Secretary, S.'L.P. 
"Dear Comrade Petersen: 

"I have your carbon copy of letter 
4 th inst. addressed to Comratlr 
Sara Morgan. This is an attemj)! 
to revive and continue the fight of 
1933 when Roland Plato was rt^ 
jected as Coast organizer for the 
Party and which brought disruption 
to a head in California. 

"I don't know how Comrade Sara 
Morgan obtained possession of my 
personal letters to her husband, also 
my brother, Walter R. Dowler, Oak- 
land, Calif., unless ishe got them af- 
ter Hayden Morgan's death, as the 
10 





^i 



f 



MtiVgaiis have lived apart for over 
• > \ t n rs. 

li in 1933 I entertained any 
«h ruga I (try opinions of you, rest as- 
Mtmd those are not my beliefs to- 
ihi\ . Had it not been for your vigi- 
ImiiI ?u'lu)ns and clear-headedness, 
MM(|il<*(l with the excellent work of 
(iMuradc Ivric Hass, the Party in 
( MlHortiia would have been com- 
(ih ttly wrecked. 

The pirates and Party wreckers 
Htr rxhausting every resource to 
luiiliime their dirty work from the 
<Mitsi(U\ now trying to create ill 
(•M'ling between the National Office 
'iimI myself. 

I am glad you look at this mat- 
1(1 in a generous spirit, for with me 
lh( interests of the Party were al- 
ways paramount, even when I mis- 
t*»krnly backed the element which 
I limed traitor to Socialism and the 
♦S.L.I*., but were performing useful 
Her vice when I .sustained them. 

"I have been informed by Com- 
iM.h- Mack Jolinson, who was pres- 
et , (hat at a recent Section meeting 
I was viciously attacked by Comrade 
Sara Morgan and excoriated for de- 
■ rling Plato, Robineau, et al. She 
uas rebuked by the chairman, and I 
ha\r heard nothing further about 
I he matter, but I can't help wonder- 
nii;' what Mrs. Morgan uses for 
hraims. I hope the purification of 
Mm- Party may soon be completed, 
l(tr 1 have had to listen to three 
\(ars of continual senseless wran- 
gling, destructive to Party progress 
and the education of the workers. 
What will these crooks try next.? 
"Fraternally yours, 
"Dr. A. S. Dowler," 

The photostat copies referred to 
arc, of course, at the disposal of the 



convention. On the basis of this 
correspondence we may draw our 
own conclusionis, But who can doubt 
that Robineau relayed — then or later 
— this suggestion of Dr. Dowler to 
Ruiz.? And who can doubt that Dr. 
Do'wler's 1933 reference to Ruiz 
found a resounding echo in the 
empty skull of that conceited gentle- 
man.? And who can doubt that this 
fact explains the amazing action 
and attitude of Ruiz, Sclmur, et al., 
toward the vicious disrupter, Rob- 
ineau? For they must have felt 
certain that they already had the 
National Organization in their 
pocket. And what a scoop that 
would be for the drunks, the 
boodlers, the fakers and liars in gen- 
eral — those who so cavalierly 
handled financial matters in Section 
Los Angeles that one of their own 
pals (Donald Giffen) had to admit, 
"We [i.e., Plato, Robineau, Blair, 
etc, etc.] were just haywire in 
handling these funds/' One can 
readily visualize bow much this gang 
would have loved to have been given 
the chance of being "haywire" in 
the handling of the Party^s national 
treasury ! And one need not re- 
quire many guesses as to how long 
that treasury would last, what with 
the army of job chasers, and their 
Communist and near-Communist 
pals, waiting hungrily at the gate! 

Incidentally, the Dowler corre- 
spondence in 1933 grew out of the 
frustrated ambitions of Plato to be- 
come national organizer. The Sub- 
Committee had decided that he was 
unfit as national organizer, which 
evidently thoroughly enraged Plato 
and Robineau and others. The Na- 
tional Secretary had written ^several 
who knew Plato and his qualifica- 
tions well. All of them counselled 
111 



against employing him, with the ex- 
ception of Comrade Quinn who ex- 
pressed no definite opinion as he 
had not met Plato for several years. 
It is of particular interest to note 
here what Plato's fellow-disrupter, 
Paul F. Schnur, had to say: "My 
unihesitating opinion/' said Schnur 
in his^ letter to the National Secre- 
tary, dated November 6, 1933, ''is 
that it would be INiADVISABiLE 
for the N.E.C. Sub-Committee to em- 
ploy Comrade Plato as a National 
Organizer/'( Caps in the original.) 
While fundamentally the cause of 
tlie trouble was due to the struggle 
between the decent members in the 
Section who w^anted to proceed 
along traditional S.L.P. lines, and 
those who desired to use the fam- 
iliar methods of ' pullerinism'' (to 
use De Leon's phrase), and who 
were hungering for jobs in the Sec- 
tions and the State (and nationally 
as well) — wliile this struggle no 
doubt produced the disturbances and 
disruptions in the Section, there can 
hardly be any doubt that more ju- 
dicious conduct on the part of Ste- 
vens might have minimized, and, 
possibly, prevented the violent dis- 
ruption wihich finally took place and 
spread through the state. Wit^li wise 
and thoughtful handling, it seems 
not unreasonable to assume that it 
might have been possible to elimi- 
nate the slummist elements:, together 
with the careeniists and their foolisih 
or unthinking supporters. But in 
saying this perhaps we are not tak- 
ing sufficient account of the atmos- 
phere that proverbially prevails in 
what sometimes is called the na- 
tion'iS madhouse — ^Los Angeles and 
Hollywood. It is perhaps not un- 
reasonable to say^ however, that the 
habit of Stevens to criticize freely 



other members of the Section (in Id 
ters or otherwise) made it difficiill 
at times to support liim w^lieii In 
was in other respects right on P;iil\ 
questions. His letter to Section San 
Francisco in 1933 (referred to m 
the Sohnur removal document) is ;iii 
example of the kind of things he hm\ 
no business to do. And his gencr;il 
conduct with regai-d to the istrilu- 
(apart from any considerations as 
to Avhether it was bona fide or not) 
was not of the kind one has a riglil, 
to expect from a judicious and well 
trained S.L.P, member. The elemcnl 
of doubt with regard to the strike 
being a bona fide one was so strong 
that it ishould have prompted him, 
without hesitation, to have given the 
benefit of that doubt to the side of 
those who contended it was bona 
fide. Instead of doing that, he chose 
to give battle on a question fraught 
with explosiveness, thereby ignoring 
De Leon's warning to avoid doing or 
;saying things which might "throw 
the bona fide labor militant into 
dangerous proximity of thought 
with the out-and-out capitalist." By 
taking the course he did, Stevens 
furnished to the disorderly element 
in Section Los Angeles the handle 
to his undoing, which handle they 
were not slow to seize. And hj thus 
being able to appear as if they were 
the upholders of the correct Party 
position, they were, at the same 
time, able to cover up (for the time 
being) their rascality, their con- 
spiracy and organization anarchism. 
In acting as he did, Stevens not only 
terminated his own usefulness to the 
Party, but he inflicted injury on the 
Party which he had otherwise served 
so well during so many years. 

With the disruptive conduct of 
Plato, Robineau, Blair, etc., the situ- 
12 



I wllnii iM'gan to assume state-wide Raymond Santens pleaded (in a let- 

will of the strikers, who were pi-ck- 
ing cotton for him, and he added: 

"Comrade, the only hope in life 
I have is the S.L,P., and considering 
everything I can't lose all my 
friends and go back on my brother 
now. And if by the stand I'm taking 
I'm not worthy of a true S.L.P. 
member please let me resign. Please 
don't expel me through the WEEK- 
LY PEOPLE." 



• fKii'lions, since the State Exocu- 

H» « ( ainniittce now became involved. 

I Im (hlails of this need not be re- 

♦ t M M 1 1 ( ' ( I h er e^ s ince the e sis en tial 

(ihIkIn relating to the part played 

' ilir S.1*'..C. have been fully cov- 

'I m lihe Schnur removal docu- 

mI II should be noted here, how- 

I, IliJit the correspondence and 

iiliiiliorts that emanated from the 

I < ', with respect to the various 

•«jt|M /Js it was called upon to 

iHunllf, were not the first indication 

f ili/il contentious backbiting: and 



P. F. Schnur, who knew the San- 
• h(Mial method of argumentation tens, had previously written the S.E. 
iIm part of Ruiz w^ith which we C. (in part) as follows: 



"This mucli I know .... neither 
Raymond Santens nor his old father 
is capable of expreSiSing what he 
means on paper. For that reason I 
believe it best to give them plenty 
of opportunity to make their posi- 



M lo become so thoroughly fam- 

'• •» l/ilcr. The first definite indica- 

n of that was discovered in what 

• . i'/iih;d the Santens case. This 

involved two members, John 

Htttl Itaymond Santens., father and 

♦♦"H, Mild a non-memiber, Henry San- 

. . M l.n,ther of Raymond Santens. *'°" ^'^^'^- ^'"^ ^^^ "^'y' ^''° '^ 
llMMV Santens had been charged mixed up in the trouble, is no good 

^nt 1 1.1 T • i. and our Comrades Santens have very 

Willi HI nrder, the charge growing out ^ >^ i.v. ^ n j 

little to do with him. Tliey have 
tried to drill .some sense into him, 
;but admitted to us that he was hope- 
less." 



hI the strike in the Southern San 
I "'M (I I ill Valley cotton fields. (Henry 

<it»trii.s was .subsequently aoquit- 
< 'I ) Subsequently John Santens (an 

''! innii) and Raymond Santens, his 



Instead of following Schnur's ad- 
.. were expelled by the S.EjC, vice, the S.E.C. summarily expelled 
iIhuiI. the formality of a trial, and John and Raymond Santens, as 
iliiHil, even having the case refer- stated, without formal charges, trial 
I lo a Grievance Committee, or Grievance Committee. In view 

of the unusual situation " the 
N. E. C. Sub-Committee did not 
press the matter of irregularity 
(although it called the attention of 
the S.EjC. to its mistake), feeling 
that on the whole it was best to let 



ni(/;inally Ruiz had favored letting 
IIm III resign, but changed his opinion 
l«l rr. The S.E.C. considered that 
^"tni and Raymond Santens had 
I ■ ti guilty of supporting Henry 
,*K»Mtc,iis, under indictment for mur- 



ii« i\ though what really seems to the matter rest. For the .same rea- 
luM . hren back in the minds of the son the Sub^Committee also felt that 
H I :.'('. members was the failure of it was not advisable to publish the 
,».»lni .Mild Raymond Santens to repu- expulsion notice in the WEEKLY 
• tiMh Henry Santens. As to this, PEOPLE since conceivably it might 

113 



be seized upon by 'the prosecution 
in its eli'ort to convict H. Santens of 
murder. (It should be noted here 
that at that time the N.EjC. Sub- 
Committee and the National Secre- 
tary were under the erroneous im- 
pression that the constitution did not 
make it manidatory to publish expul- 
sion notices.) The non-publication 
of these expulsions furnished the 
starting point for a series of letters 
from the S.E.C. (written by Ruiz, 
of course) which in all essential re- 
spects were similar to the flood of 
letters that were received later dur- 
ing the year. The S.E.C. did not ar- 
gue for puiblication on the ground 
that the constitution made that man- 
datory, since the S.E.C, members 
and Ruiz knew nothing about the 
clause at the time. Its -reasons were 
'as irrational and fantastic as the 
reasons advanced through Ruiz in 
connection with the trouble which 
later developed in California. The 
N.E.C SubnCommittee endeavored 
to show the S.E.,C. the illogical na- 
ture of the arguments it advanced, 
but without much success, if any. In- 
cidentally, it is not without interest 
to note the .spirit in which the old 
Santens accepted the decision of the 
S.E.C. The following letter was 
written by John Santens to Ruiz on 
November 10, 1933: 

"Dear Comrade: 

"You expel me from the Socialist 
Labor Party; if you have good cause 
I love you for it. 

''Yours for the Revolution, 

"John D, Santens." 

Despite the Knipper dolling atti- 
tude of Ruiz and the S.E.C, he 
found it possible to write the fol- 
lowing humane and wholly sympa- 
thetic note to the old man: 



"Your letter deeply iniprrs.s.W m. 
your attitude entitles yon lo lli< .. 

spect and admiration of our 

bers'. May you live many nu)rr v. m • 
and may you fully enjoy the IiimI ■ 
of the Revolution which you no m. 
dently desire. 

*'Very sincerely y<mi"i. 
''A. J. Ruiz. 

"SccrclMi'^ 

If Ruiz was not the illogic.-il .mmI 
irrational person we now know Iihh 
to be, he should have realized IIimI 
one entitled to "the respect and iu\ 
miration of our members" should ttni 
have been expelled in the first pl/i. . 
Expulsion from the Party (if jir.ti 
,fied) is obviously incompatible utilt 
respect and admiration by tlit> riK m 
bership for the one expelled. 

However, it was in this alnm 
phere that the correspondenct'. u/r. 
carried on between the S.E.lC. /in. I 
the National Office tc the nou |Htil. 
iication of the expulsion notice. And 
although Ruiz wrote the above nol. 
to old Santens on November In 
19'33, it was possible for him (ami 
the S.EjC.) to argue nearly one junl 
a half years later that the expulsiim 
notice should be published. Final! \, 
in the hope of definitely closing thin 
protracted discussion, the National 
Secretary w^Tote a letter from wlii<'li 
the following is quoted, and wliirit 
was subsequently endorsed by tli< 
.N.E.C Suib-^Committee: 

"In reply to your letter of Febrn 
ary 28 I wish to state: 

''1. The reasons which prompted 
the N.E.C. SubnCommittee not I., 
publish the expulsion notices were 
briefly given in the letters written 
you under dates of February 13 and 
27, 1934. 



r 



I'd 



114 



' ''V The N. 1^:. C. Sub-(Coramittee 

jii^tKlrd its continued refusal to 

inddUli llic- (expulsion notices mainly 

ilie ground that (a) Raymond 

'1*^ apparently did not know at 

"♦• lime (It at he was joining a Vigi- 
l*iMh ', Committee (see his letter to 
PMi. Orhdn-r 30, 1933), and (infer- 

♦ IMH I his from his letter to you) that 
if ht were to have withdrawn from 
Hm eomtnittee, this would be inter- 
I't.l.d as a repudiation of his 
liM.llirr, and might have increased 
Hn • hnnees of his brother's being 

'" 1 guilty of murder; and (b), 

'h'lt there is no eyidence, direct or 
iMihn-el, that John Santens was guil- 
h ••(• \\w charges on which he was 
•M"lh'd, the S.'EjC, in his case, 
MJling eidirely on assumptions. (See 
HMir letter to J. Santenis, November 
•I ntu\ to me, November 17); fur- 
Hm r, (c) the Sujb-'Committee reason- 
nldy assumed that Comrade Paul F. 
Hthmir, who evidently knew the 
Hnnlens quite well, was correct in 
Id'i appraisal of John and Raymond 
iH«ideiiis, expressed in the letter you 
reel ivcd from him on October 23, 
iMJ»;(, and from which you quoted the 
fidl(»vving: 'This much I know, and 
Herman will bear me out in it, 
IM itlM-r Raymond Santens nor his old 
I'd her is capable of expressing what 
Ui means on paper.' And, finally, 
(tl) (hat at this time it would con- 
^pienousiy, and to no good purpo.se, 
ytiW attention to the non-appearance 
nl' I he expulsion notice at the time 

♦ d expidsion. 

"3. The fact that no formal 
ehnrges were filed; that no opportu- 
inly was provided the accused to 
Kirhmit a proper defense; that, ac- 
cordingly, no proper, constitutional 
I HIS in existed for expelling these 
numbers in the first place — these 



facts complicated still further an al- 
ready complicated situation. Though 
we may be morally certain o^ t^e 
guilt of a person, more than moral 
certainty is needed to expel, espe- 
cially if, at the time, expulsion 
might conceivably have affected ad- 
versely, in whatever degree, large or 
small, the very life of a person to 
whom the two accused members 
were attached by the strongest 
bonds of human sympathy and sen- 
timent. 

''In consideration of all these cir- 
cumistances the N.E.C. SubnCommit- 
tee felt, and still definitely feels, 
that to have published the expulsion 
notices would have been unjustified, 
especially .since at the time the life 
of a man was at stake, who, under 
the law, was presumed innocent until 
,proven guilty, (As a matter of fact, 
he was acquitted though, again, 
morally he may have been and, as 
far as we understand the .situation 
here, certainly was morally guilty.) 
(Moreover, there is no constitutional 
provision making it mandatory to 
publish expulsion notices in the 
WEEKLY PEOPLE, it being en- 
tirely a matter of executive judg- 
ment and discretion whether .such 
notices should be published or not." 

To this letter the S.E.C. replied 
on April 10 in terms which prompted 
the National Secretary to send the 
following reply: 

''April 13, 1935. 
"State Executive Committee, Calif., 
''Socialist Labor Party, 
"Mr. A. J. Ruiz, Secretary. 
"Dear Comrades: 

"The statement of your commit- 
tee on the matters of the Santens' 
expulsions, and related matters, 
dated April 10, has been received 
15 



and contents carefully noted. It will 
be submitted to the N.E.C Sub^Com- 
mittee at its next regular meeting, 
pending further action^ if any^ by 
the Sub-Committee^ please note the 
following: 

**1. Since the S.E.C. agrees that 
'to publish these [expulsion] notices 
at this time would obviously be poor 
policy/ and since^ contrary to the 
assiimption of the S.E.C^ there is no 
principle involved^ it being solely a 
question of policy ^ a continuation of 
this discussion would seem to be ut- 
terly futile^ and a waste of time and 
energy. The Sub^Committee has 
noted the fact of the State Commit- 
tee's disagreement with its decision 
in this matter ; the Sub-Committee 
has ruled that the S.E.iC. is wrongs 
and that .should have ended the dis- 
cussion. 

**2. Unquestionably^ traditional 
practices J and precedents estab- 
Jishedj carry weighty but they do not 
assume the force of constitutional 
law. HencCj, in the final analy.sis^ all 
questions not definitely covered by 
the Party's constitution^ become 
matters subject to executive judg- 
ment. This is so self-evident as to 
require no further elaboration. 

"S. Your statement that the 'S.E. 
C. still does not understand why the 
N.E.C. SubnCommittee should con- 
cern itself .... with the individual 
Henry Santens . . . . ' is unwarranted 
and improper^ in view of the em- 
phatic statement made in the letter 
written you under date of April 9, 
1934. I quote: 

*' 'Our concern has been exclusive- 
ly* for the father and brother of the 



*By "exclusively" is here meant to the 
exclusion of the non-member Henry San- 
tens. 



"individuaF* who was indicted fni* 
murder. If Henry Santens liaJ 
been entirely alone in this maMrr. 
I think I can say^ without fear ol 
contradiction, that the N.P^.C Su!i 
Committee would not have give:n lli« 
slightest consideration to his c.'r.t 
(assuming that he had been a nu-m 
ber), but would have publislicd ;ui 
expulsion notice (as.suming tliat In 
had then been expelled)^ without r« 
gard to the effect that S'uch expiil 
sion notice might have upon him/ 

"May I, on behalf of the N.K.C. 
SubnCommittee^ repeat^ witli ns 
much patience and courtesy as I can 
muster, that the Sub-»Com mittee liau 
at no time been concerned about tin- 
individual Henry Santens. It Ii.ms 
■merely assumed a human and Ini 
mane attitude in a matter which in 
volved no principle, but the ques 
tion as to whether or not expulsion 
notices should be published. 

''4. The N,E.C. Sub-Committcr 
may have been in error in supposinj; 
that the publishing of the expulsion 
jiotices might have influenced tin- 
verdict yet to be rendered. However, 
that is how the committee felt at thr 
time, and questions of sentiment, or 
'doubts' that should be resolved in 
favor of 'the working class and tlw 
Socialist Labor Party' had nothini^ 
whatever to do with the attitude of 
the committee at the time. 

''5. To expect a father to be to- 
tally unconcerned about a son whoM' 
life is at stake^ would be to expect 
the utterly unreasonable and inhu- 
man, and for the Sub-^Committee to 
have ignored this circumstance would 
have been unreasonable, especially 
since not by the wildest stretch of 
the imagination the fate of the revo- 
lution, or the welfare of the woi'king 
class^ could be said to hang in the 
16 






» 



Italfitur as far as concerned the Sub- 

* ' illcc'.s failure to publish the 

rulsioM notices. It is, indeed, con- 

■ ' M mMt I hat a father might have to 
'••'. the alternative of supporting a 

" ( whose life was in jeopardy), 
Mir revolution, the success of 

'h' h niighl depend upon, or be af- 
htlril l>y the father'.s decision as' to 
uhtllnr (() stand by the son or the 

Mt., of revolution. We all liope 
iIimI r\'(Ty true S.L.P. man would 
ht aide to subdue his natural feel- 
htMw /md stand by the revolution, 

-n \i' it meant the death of the 

M lint to argue that any such al- 
tiMiMli\(' existed in this case is to 
ttihhc a lofty principle to the level 
nl the l)nrlesque. The question that 

"I (routed the Sub-Committee was 
" ■! Will the failure to publish the 

I Ml Is ion notices place the revolu- 
» nil 171 ry cause in jeopardy.^ The 
qnt '.lion was plainly and simply: 
Mmv I he publication of the expul- 
■t'tn notices in any degree aid in 

nding to his death a person whose 
<'l«l i'alher and brother are members 
"I Ihr Party, and who naturally are 

I /illy concerned about saving the 
III* of the accused^ — even though 
III. V might otherwise hold him in 
• nilcmpt, as the S.E.C argues they 
lion Id do — as J, indeed, the Sub-Comr- 
"ollco fully agrees they should do. 
lint lo hold in. contempt, and to be 
v\illing to aid, directly or indirectly, 
Ml Ihr extinction of the life of this 
I" rson, are certainly two entirely 

■ 'illVrrnt matters. 

"(i. I must, in behalf of the N.E. 
< Sidi-Committee, register objection 
I". Mnd resentment at the State Com- 
nul let's unwarranted observation, 
' I/.,, 'Strictly speaking, however, 
wii this admitted irregularity on 
Ihr part of the S.EjC. should not 



have constituted a reason for not 

publishing the notices ' At no 

time has the Sub-Committee argued 
that the 'admitted irregularity' of 
the S.E.C constituted a reason for 
its original decision not to publish 
the expulsion notices. If you will 
refer to my letter of March 9 you 
will find that I distinctly .stated that 
*the N.E.C Sub-Committee justifies 
its continued refusal to publish the 
expulsion notices* (on the ground of 
the 'admitted irregularity' of the S. 
E.C). Surely, the word contmued 
makes it perfectly plain that the 
Sub- Committee is not referring to 
the original decision, but with the 
present, that is, renewed, considera- 
tion as to whether or not the expul- 
sion notices should be published. 
And, parenthetically, it might be ob- 

. served that if the matter of publish- 
ing the expulsion notices were of 
such vital and far-reaching impor- 
tance as argued by the S.EjC, then 
the question of lapsed time should 
have no effect whatever in deciding 
the question. If the extraordinary 
contentions of the S.E.C. were sus- 
tained, then the expulsion . notices 
should be published, regardless of 
lapse of time. 

*'7. I quote the following para- 
graph from your statement: 

*' Tarenthetically it might be 
stated here to keep the record clear, 
that these members were not expel- 
led '*for .supporting Henry Santens'' 
(although that in itself would have 
been sufficient cause for expulsion), 
but because Raymond w^as a member 
01 the Vigilantes and because John, 
the father, being a part owner with 
his son Raymond in the ranch, tacit- 
ly consented to having his interests 
defended by the Vigilantes/ 

'Tn view of the 'admitted irregu- 

17 



larity on the part of the S.E.C/ in 
expelling the two Santens, it is, to 
say the least, an extraordinary pro- 
cedure to correct the Sub-JCommit- 
tee's reference to the reason for the 
expulsions, and to attempt to explain 
what were the reasons. Since no 
trial was held, since the constitu- 
tional guarantees of a full and un- 
trammeled defense of the accused 
members were withheld by the S.E. 
C, and sin-ce it is only through a 
proper and fair trial that the facts 
can be established, how can the S.E. 
C. possibly know what were the rea- 
sons? State Secretary Comrade 
Ruiz may have conceived this to be 
the reason; this S.E.C. member may 
have conceived that to be the reason, 
and ,so on, but certainly there could 
have been no meeting of minds' — 
the only way in which collective 
judgment can be secured' — since no 
proper trial (and that means, of 
course, no trial at all) was held. I 
submit that the Sub-Committee's 
guess, or inference, as to reasons, 
was as valid as may be that made 
by the members of the S.E.C. 

"Incidentally, and in conclusion, 
the S.E.C. is correct in arguing that 
its attention should have been called 
to the 'admitted irregularity,' and 
the case should have been referred 
back for proper and correct action. 
That it was not done may be ascribed 
to an oversight. 

"Unless the N.E.C. Sub-Commit- 
tee should find cause for further ac- 
tion, or unl&ss the S.E.C. should feel 
moved to acknowledge its error, I 
shall consider this case definitely 
closed. 

"Fraternally yours, 
"Arnold Petersen, 
"National Secretary." 



This letter was sub,scqu("nl Iv m 
dorsed by the N.E.C. SubConnnii 
tee. 

On May 10, 1935, Ruiz wralv tl,, 
National Secretary a letter in u In. f. 
he announced his discovery tli.-il ih. 
constitution made it mandatory ii}M.ti 
the N.E.C, to publish all expulstoir, 
in the WEEKLY PEOPLE. 'Vo ll,,, 
the National Secretary replied iitid. i 
date of May 13 as follows: 

"With respect to the questi(»ii ol 
publisliing expulsions in the Wlvi'Js 
LY PEOPLE, I acknowledge, wilh 
out any reservations, that the N.l'l.C 
Sub-Committee and myself &yyv(\ \u 
asserting that this was not requir. .1 
by the constitution. The qucslioh 
had never, to my knowledge, vowu 
before the National Office bclnr. . 
since invariably all expulsions woe 
printed in the WEEKLY PEOPLE, 
as a matter of routine. When tin 
matter of the Santens expuisitn. 
came before the committee in tin 
spring of 1934. I looked carefully 
through the sections in the constilu 
tion dealing with expulsions, ami 
also through the section headed Mis 
cellaneous. It never occurred to nir 
for a moment to look under the 
heading of National Executive Com- 
mittee, and not having read the si! 
various subdivisions of Article V, 
Section 15, in recent times, I had 
quite forgotten about the particular 
clause. I offer this as an explana- 
tion, and not as an excuse. Strictly 
speaking, there was, of course, no 
excuse for not remembering this im- 
portant clause in the Party's consti- 
tution. I shall ask the N.E.C. Sub- 
Committee at its next regular meet- 
ing formally to acknowledge its er- 
ror and extend its regret to the Cali- 
fornia S.E.C. Of course, so far as 



T 

f 

f 



1 «l t 



•I ' 



i .).! 



'IninnI Office is concerned, 
ili'ti, (Irdiiilcly ehiscs the San- 
'M.nltril, except that I am not 
iiir now but tliat we ought 
'I'li'.li I he expulsion notices even 
hi'i bile d.'ife. The matter, how- 
will be given consideration by 
N I •' .C S u b- C om m i 1 1 e e , and 
' ^< I llir S lib-Committee decides 
■ I'loper action this time will, 

tti J , lu' done. 
I '•)• my own share in this regret- 
' • n-or. 1 extend to the S.E.C. 
selC my sincere regret.** 

ItU was followed by the follow- 
'' Mer ordered sent by the N.E.C. 
' ••inmittce to the California 



118 



"May 24, 1935. 
\ J. Ruiz, 
I.H-nia S.E.C, 
♦ «. tluley, Calif. 

l\r: Santens E a; pulsion Notices. 
"I h Ml- ('omrade Ruiz: 

"I placed before the N.E.C. Sub- 
rHiMtiiille(< the recent correspon- 
iImi) • 1 have had with you with re- 
'"!"' It> the non-publication of the 
■'■ tis expulsions. In view of the 
(hi I UiaL the constitution does pro- 
»ltle I hat all expulsions must be 
(Mtj.lished in the Party^s official or- 
M'Hi \\w. N.E.C. Sub-Com;mittee re- 
• '" mI its position on this question 
Ml lirrelofore expressed through the 
l»'ll( rs addressed to the State Com- 
IMlllie, and extends to the California 
H.I''.C. its regrets. As previously 
»*|thiiiied, the erroneous conception 
Mt I lie N.EjC. SubHCommittee and 
I In \ational Secretary was caused 
(m the fact that the clause referring 
to I lie publication of expulsionts in 
I III VV1:EKLY people is listed 

ler the heading of National 

I xiciitive Committee, whereas the 



National Secretary checked up the 
matter in the articles of the constitu- 
tion where it was reasonable to ex- 
pect such provisions to be found, 
namely, in connection with expul- 
sions and appeals^ and under 'Mis- 
cellaneous.' Incidentally, the matter 
will come before the National Con- 
vention next year with a view of 
having this matter further clarified, 
and the clause relating to publishing 
expukion notices placed under the 
proper head in the comstitution. 

"The N.E.C. Sub^Committee fur- 
ther decided that in view of the great 
lapse of time it would not be neces- 
sary or desirable to publish the ex- 
pulsion notices now. 

''.By instruction of the N.E.C. 
Sub-Committee, I remain 

"Fraternally yours, 

"Arnold Petersen, 

"National Secretary.** 

This clo.sed that particular inci- 
dent. It has been dealt with here 
in some detail chiefly to show the 
early indications of potential trouble 
with Ruiz ; and partly in order to 
call attention to what we believe to 
be an incongruity in the Party's con- 
stitution, already dealt with under 
the head of "Constitutional Amend- 
ments.** The incident illufStrates, we 
believe, the need of such diseretion- 
ary judgment as is suggested in the 
amendment proposed. 

The practically unanimous vote in 
favor of Schnur*,s removal is, in re- 
ality, a referendum vote by the mem- 
bership on the California disruption. 
While it certainly would have been 
preferable if the points involved 
could have come before the conven- 
tion in an orderly manner, and dis- 
cussed here calmly and without ex- 
19 



citement, the fact that it became 
necessary to go to the trouble and 
expense of submitting the question 
to the membership earlier is not 
without its compensating feature. 
We shall, at any rate^ have more 
time now at the convention to discuss 
other important questions relating to 
the campaign and the Party's wel- 
fare in general. Schnur (against 
whom Comrade Hass has now pre- 
ferred charges) may at this stage 
serve chiefly "to point a moral^ or 
adorn a tale." 'Tis an ill wind that 
bloweth no man good^ is an old say- 
ings the truth of which is illustrated 
in this case. The American abolition- 
ist^ Wendell Phillips, discovered, 
and proclaimed the discovery, that 
' God gives us great .scoundrels for 
texts to anti-slavery sermons." Well 
may we apply that saying to the 
disruption in California. Unfortu- 
nate as are these disruptive out- 
breaks^ they, incidentally^ iserve as a 
sort of examination test of the mem- 
bership. Under the strong pres,sure 
exerted those who are weak or unfit 
quickly prove themselves such. Take 
a man like Robineau: In some re- 
spects a gifted fellow^ but an incur- 
able trouble-maker, loo,sej, reckless 
and possessing many of the charac- 
teristics one associates with slum 
prole tarianism. To what extent he 
might have been cured of such de- 
fects in a more favorable environ- 
ment is a matter for speculation. His 
reckless and unprincipled character 
is fully illustrated in the fake report 
he sent in of the Quinn meeting that 
never was held. How degrading such 
conduct is has already been stressed 
in the Schnur removal document. 
The sense of shame and humiliation 
that an S.L.P. man experiences at 
the thought that such a fake 



report was publislu'd in iIh- 
WEEKLY PEOPLE is dwv 
ened when we read a si air 
ment like this from the pen of I)f^ 
Leon: "The difference lies in tliiMi 
the Daily People does not fnkr 
news; the Kangaroos [S.P.] papers 
do. A report [i.e.^ announccmcul 1 
in the Duily People of a Party meet- 
ing [to be held] may happen to bci 
wrong, the speaker having unexpecl- 
edly been prevented from appearing, 
disappointing a big crowd that lind 
gathered to hear him, and timely no- 
tice of the failure not having l)ccii 
sent to this office. But the Daily 
People will never give glowing re- 
ports of meetings that never took 

place *' It took a Robineau Id 

give the lie to De Leon's proud 
boast to his> Robineau's, everlasting^ 
shame, and our humiliation. — Or 
take an individual like Ruiz: Whilr 
for a couple of years doubts h/ivr 
been entertained with respect to Iiiil 
understanding of the revolutionary 
movement^ he was^, at the same time, 
considered an amiable sort of per 
son^ and not without ability \\\ 
handle routine matters efficiently, 
Someone puts a .secretarial bee in liiM 
bonnet^ and later he finds himself 
catapulted into intellectual combnl, 
and, finding his knowledge deficient, 
or intellectual powers unequal to tlin 
task, reveals himself as the sort <»f 
person we now know him to be. It U 
possible that he was unable to real- 
ize the fatuousness of the contentJ(ni| 
he made again and again in his let- 
ters to the National Office. It ll 
po,ssible that he even gloried in \\\n 
folly. Which brings to mind wlwit 
the historian Macaulay said t»f 
James Bos well, the biographer of 
Samuel Johnson: ''Everything wliich 
another man would have hidden 
20 



* 



• irrytliinig, the publication of which 
won 111 have made another man hang 
liiinsrli\ was matter of gay and 

• iMinorous exultation to his weak and 

• IjM'/ised mind." His dull^ intermin- 
'iMr and involved letters illustrate 
I >< Econ's observations about cer- 
I 'Mil people who make '*long, pro- 
Irai'lrd, painful effort, not to say 
v\lwil you have in mind^ but to con- 
t<n] il." His exasperating obtusenes.s 
*^\' obstinacy reminds us of another 
oliscrv ation by De Leon: "The very 
I MS I. of dialectics can accomplish 
iiolhing against narrow obstinacy; 
foid equally ineffective will it be 
Ininid against interests that keep 
(iHinselves secret and ,set forth argu- 
nirnls only for a blind.*' 

riic usual charge of "bossism" 
\\ns bound to come from one of that 

• libber. As revealed by Comrade 
l./irscn o£ Section Klam<ath Falls, in 
I lie statement submitted to his Sec- 
lion, Ruiz, while still State Secre- 
lary, spoke to him about the Nation- 
al Secretary's alleged "domination 
H\.r the N.E.C. Sub-Committee." 

riif idea may have been to scare the 
\ isiting member with the "wolf cry'' 
ot bossism. But there is no evidence 
llinl iiis corrupt insinuation struck a 
iTsponsive chord — as it could only 
lia\e struck in a weak person. For^ 
as De Leon declared, "the integrity 
of |)iirpose and soundness of reason- 
ing' on the part of an organization 
lire lost upon people who can be 
Nr.'iretl away by the 'wolf cry' of 'De 
l.ronism,' 'Bossism/ etc. Such peo- 
ple are weaklings. No use trying to 
1' leii them over.' A revolutionary 
or;.»anization must be constructed of 
Mhrner stuff." 

Just how .such "domination" over 
ttn' Sub- Committee is exercised^ or 



applied by the National Secretary, 
is never made clear. These slander- 
ers cannot mean that one man can 
physically hold eleven at bay. And 
since not one of the Sub- Committee 
members is in the pay of the Party, 
these fools cannot possibly attribute 
the alleged servility on the part of 
the Sub-Committee members to "job 
consciousnesis." The disrupters do 
not seem to imply that the National 
Secretary casts a hypnotic spell 
over the Sub-iConimittee and other 
members. One wonders what pre- 
cisely these blithering idiots mean 
by their stated or implied charge of 
bossism. Did De Leon, perchance, 
give a hint as to the answer when 
he said: 

"With a certain class of people, 
if you humbly knuckle down to their 
view>s and pronounce them the sura 
and substance of wisdom, then 
THEY are 'democratic'; if, how- 
ever, you do not accept their views, 
especially if you be rash enough to 
prove them in error, then YOU are 
a 'Pope' " ! 

And the more you prove them in 
error, De Leon added on another 
occasion, the more violently angry 
such people beco'me. Or they may 
be of that other variety who exult in 
being criticized because it tickles 
their silly egos. There is ground 
for supposing that the man Ruiz be- 
longs in that category. For not so 
long ago (on February 18, 1936, to 
be exact) a letter was received by 
the National Secretary from the 
precious fellow in which he com- 
plained because his expulsion had 
not been published in the WEEKLY 
PEiOPLE ! To see his name once 
again printed in the WEEKLY 
PEOPLE, just once, even under the 
121 



^